Does the word ‘Asbaat’ (Descendants of Jacob) mentioned in the Qur’aan include Prophet Yoosuf’s brothers’ who threw him into the bottom of a well?

Question: Does the word Asbaat (Descendants of Jacob) mentioned in the Qur’aan include Prophet Yoosuf’s (Joseph) brothers who threw him into the bottom of a well? If they were Prophets, how could their course of action with Yoosuf be justified? Or did they plot against him before they were chosen for prophethood?

Answer: Yoosuf (peace of Allaah be upon him) and his brothers are the sons of Ya`qoob (Jacob) – also known as Israel – (peace of Allaah be upon him). In the Qur’aan, the word “Al-Asbaat” refers to the grandchildren of Ya`qoob and his twelve sons, only of whom Yoosuf (peace be upon him) was a Prophet… read more here.

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The grave of Ismaa`eel (peace of Allaah be upon him)

Question: It is mentioned in the books of the biographies of the Prophet that Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) (peace of Allaah be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. If the grave is in Al-Haatim, how is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) there?

Answer: The claim that Ismaa`eel (peace of Allaah be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim is incorrect and totally unreliable… read more here.

The name of Ibraaheem’s father

Question: Was the father of Ibraaheem (Abraham) Al-Khaleel (The Close Servant) (peace be upon him) called Aazar or Aazar? Is it derived, as some people claim, from a past tense verb meaning “committed a sin” – that is to say, disobeying Ibraaheem (Abraham) Al-Khaleel, or from the noun “wizr” (sin)? Which of them is correct?

Answer: Aazar is a Persian name of the father of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him) according to the most authentic scholars’ opinions. Linguistically, “Aazar” is an Apposition to the word “father” or an Explanatory Apposition, not a past tense verb derived from “wizr” (sin), for the past tense of “wizr” is “wazara”, a triliteral verb meaning “to commit (a sin); to bear.”… read more here.

Ibraaheem’s rescue from his enemies

Question: I would like to benefit from the knowledge of Your Eminence to clear my heart, Allaah (Exalted and Glorified be He) says: So ask the people of the Scripture, if you do not know. Allaah (Exalted be He), is the Protector of the Truth and Rightness, and to Him is the resort and return. After I studied various branches of Islamic religion, such as sciences of Hadeeth and Qur’aan, I became certain that the person who threw Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) (peace be upon him and our prophet) in fire was not Al-Namrood who – as known and mentioned in exegesis and history books of Islaamic scholars – reigned the earth at the time.

Rather, he was thrown in by his own people, because whenever the incident is mentioned in the Great Qur’aan to which Falsehood cannot come from before or behind, there is a declaration that this incident took place with his people and father, as they were idol worshipers. Ibraaheem (peace be upon him and our Prophet) kept preventing them to do so till he broke their idols into pieces. Consequently, they punished him by throwing him into the fire.

Allaah (Exalted be He) says: They said: “Build for him a building (it is said that the building was like a furnace) and throw him into the blazing fire!” in addition to other Aayaat. The people who approved and implemented this punishment after discussing it with him were his people according to the context, in addition to the fact that the reference of pronouns to them declares that this incident took place with his people not with Al-Namrood. It is right that the incident stated in Allaah’s saying (Exalted be He): Have you not looked at him who disputed with Ibraaheem (Abraham)indicates its occurrence with Al-Namrood not with Ibraaheem’s people, even though it is historically known that Al-Namrood was not from the people of Ibraaheem (peace be upon him). In light of the unquestionable Qur’aanic context, as well as books of history, exegesis and weak Ahaadeeth, I have become worried and confused. I have checked books of exegesis, but never found a solution to this dilemma.

Therefore, I hope that Your Eminence will relieve my worries by answering this question according to authentic Ahaadeeth and opinions of great scholars in this regard. Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) cites in Soorah Al-Baqarah the story of the man who disputed with Ibraaheem about his Lord (Allaah), and concludes it with Ibraaheem’s triumph over him and refutation of his suspicious argument. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So the disbeliever was utterly defeated. And Allaah guides not the people, who are Thaalimoon (wrong-doers.). However, Allaah (Glorified be He) does not mention that Ibrahim was hurt or warned of any harm by the man in this story… read more here.