The meaning of evil in the Aayah: “Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for…”

Question: A debate took place between me and a Christian man. He surprised me by saying that there is an Aayah in the Qur’aan in which Allaah says, Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women) and another Aayah in which Allaah says, O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true and, O Nooh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous Allaah says in another Aayah, Allaah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nooh (Noah) and the wife of Loot (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed them (their husbands by rejecting their doctrine). So they [Nooh (Noah) and Loot (Lot) عليهما السلام] availed them (their respective wives) not against Allaah and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” And Allaah has set forth an example for those who believe: the wife of Fir‘awn (Pharaoh), when she said: “My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise” as he claims, there is contradiction between these Ayahs. How can Allaah (Exalted be He) say, Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) although the wives of the prophets of Allaah, Nooh and Loot were evil, and on the other hand, the wife of Fir`awn was a good woman? As I do not have a convincing answer, please advise me about this. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer:First, Allaah (Exalted be He) says, Bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad statements (or bad men for bad women). Good statements are for good people (or good women for good men) and good people for good statements (or good men for good women): such (good people) are innocent of (every) bad statement which they say; for them is Forgiveness, and Rizqun Kareem (generous provision i.e. Paradise). This aayah comes after the Aayaat which were revealed on the occasion of slander to confirm the innocence of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) of the guilt that she was falsely charged with by `Abdullaah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, the chief of hypocrites, and in order to show her inherent chastity which was intensified by her relation to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

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