Is Eemaan a saying and action or only a saying devoid of action?

Question: Discussing the issue of Al-`Uloohiyyah (Allaah’s Exclusive Right to be worshipped) and the implications of Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah), we come upon many books written by some A’immah of Salaf (righteous predecessors) on the issue including Fath Al-Majid Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed and Majmu`at Al-Tawheed by Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab and Shaykh Al-Islaam Ahmad ibn `Abdul-Haleem ibn Taymiyyah respectively, as well as the book entitled “Ma`rij Al-Qabool fee Sharh Sullam Al-Wusool” by Shaykh Haafith Hakamee, etc. First: The author of Fath Al-Majeed cited the statement of Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be merciful to him) concerning the meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah.” He states that it does not suffice to only utter Shahaadah, rather the person should have knowledge about it. Along with the utterance, they must have knowledge about and act upon it. Moreover, they must disbelieve in whatever is worshipped beside Allaah. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to him) “Whoever professes that there is no god but Allaah and denies everything worshipped other than Allaah, their property and blood became inviolable…” Related by Muslim. 

Meanwhile, the author of the book entitled “Wulatun la Qudah” focuses on the concept of uttering Shahadah neglecting what has been mentioned by Shaykh al-Islaam and others (may Allaah be merciful to them).

Similarly, whoever studies the statements of the Salaf on Eemaan (faith) that it should be in both words and deeds, becomes confused when reading the claims of the contemporary scholars that Eemaan is a mere declaration not deeds.

Also, the person feels confused when reading the statements of the Salaf concerning the three articles of faith. They state that Eemaan should be declared by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart. Having known what we mentioned above, please enlighten us regarding the correct view.

Answer: The sound view is the statement of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). Eemaan must be uttered by the tongue, practiced by the limbs, and believed by the heart… read more here.

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