Question: Q 1: Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) That is, Allaah, the Great and Exalted, glorifies and praises His Divine Essence whose blessings are abundant. My question now is: The Name of the Lord is Allaah. The word “Allaah” itself is a proper Name representing the Divine Essence. Some exegetes say that Name of the Lord is itself the same as the Divine Essence. This is a fatal mistake and Kufr (disbelief). I hope you will explain things.
Q 2: Then glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. That is, O you Muhammad, glorify your Lord and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes that the polytheists ascribe to Him. My second question is the same as question No. 1.
Q 3: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, That is, O Muhammad (peace be upon him) glorify your Lord, Who is the Most High and Grand and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes and defects ascribed to Him by sinners and things befit Him not. The third question is the same as questions No. 1 and 2.
Q 4: Read! In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists). i.e. O Muhammad (peace be upon him) start reading the Qur’an in the Name of your Lord seeking His help, for He created all the creatures etc. The question here is, how can he start reading with or seek help from the Name of the Lord while it is a mere Name of Allaah’s Divine Essence? I hope you will explain things to me.
Q 5: In the sentence “Allaah said”, why does the word “Allaah” stand for the subject with the declensional ending of damma (the subject mark in Arabic) – as taught in schools – while the word “Allaah” is a mere reference to not an embodiment of the Divinely Sacred Essence?
Q 6: Victory is ascribed to the word “Allaah” which is a mere Name of the Divine Essence: And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allaah to the Romans against the Persians) — With the help of Allaah. What does the word “Allaah” stand for? Why do we append the word “Name” to the word “Allaah” and say “Allaah’s Name”? I hope you will explain things to me.
Answer: 1: The word “ism (اسم) (Name)” mentioned in the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) refers to the Name of Allaah and His Most Beautiful Names. Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) used these Names to refer to the Essence of Allaah. Lafth Al-Jalalh (Allaah) and Allaah’s other Names denote the Essence of Allaah Who has Exalted Attributes… read more here.