Translation of the Names of Allaah

Question: I would like to ask you a question on which scholars have different opinions. We know from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that Allaah’s Attributes are Divinely revealed. Thus, we should stick to those He has proven for Himself, deny what He denied for Himself, and refrain from talking about what He did not mention in the Qur’aan or by His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Is it permissible to call Allaah in other Names such as “Khoda” in Persian, “Khodai” in Pashto, “God” in English, …Etc? Does whoever mentions Allaah with other Names not established in the Qur’an or Sunnah become an atheist for He (Exalted be He) says, …and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. Some scholars say that these Names are permissible, and support their view with the Name of Jibreel (Gabril). They also say that Allaah’s Name in Hebrew is “El” and since it is permissible to translate the Name in Hebrew, it is permissible to be translated to other languages. Is it permissible to translate the Names of Allaah from Arabic to other languages? Please, guide us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is permissible to translate the Names of Allaah for those who do not know the Arabic language, if the translator has good knowledge of both languages. Likewise, it is permissible to translate the meanings of the Qur’aan and the Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for others to learn about Islam… read more here.

Permissibility of calling one by a name which Allaah has called Himself

Question: I am pleased to direct this humble letter to Your Eminence, as I am addressing one of the most prominent personalities in the Islaamic world. I hope that you will be patient enough to read my letter. May Allaah grant you the best of rewards.

Thul-Jalaali wal-Ikraam (The Possessor of Majesty and Honor) is one of the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah, which denotes honoring and glorifying Him above all things. I read a letter sent from Your Eminence to the Saudi King, wherein you began by saying, “Your Majesty The King”. Do you not agree with me that Majesty is particular to Allaah Alone, and that “Al-Maalik” (The King) is one of His Most Beautiful Names which is impermissible to name anyone else after, regardless of who that person is?” Please clarify this issue, so that Muslims do not commit a sin by glorifying people using the attributes which Allaah has reserved for Himself alone. The only exceptions are “Ra’oof” (Compassionate) and “Raheem” (Merciful), the two attributes of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Coincidentally, while I was reading “The Arabic Magazine”, issue no. 89, I came across a letter of gratitude sent by Mr. Muhammad Al-Nuaysir, the Office Manager of the Saudi King’s bureau. It was addressed to those in charge of the magazine. He started his letter with, “His Majesty, the King, may Allaah protect him, received your letter which included issues of the magazine…)” Do you agree with me regarding the ruling on saying: His Majesty the King?

Answer: Many names are shared between Allaah and His creatures in structure and connotation. They are accorded to Allaah in a meaning particular to Him which befits His Majesty; and attributed to creatures in a manner befitting them… read more here.

Difference between the Names and Attributes of Allaah

Question: What is the difference between the Names and Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: The Names of Allaah (Exalted be He) are those names that refer to Allaah’s Thaat (Divine Essence) and also refer to one of His perfect Attributes; such as Al-Qaadir (the All-Powerful), Al-`Aalim (the All-Knowing), Al-Haakim (the Most Wise), As-Samee` (the All-Hearing), and Al-Baseer (the All-Seeing). These Names refer to Allaah Himself (Exalted be He) and to His qualities of knowledge, wisdom, hearing and sight… read more here.

Interpreting the Name Al-Rabb as the essence of Allaah

Question: Q 1: Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) That is, Allaah, the Great and Exalted, glorifies and praises His Divine Essence whose blessings are abundant. My question now is: The Name of the Lord is Allaah. The word “Allaah” itself is a proper Name representing the Divine Essence. Some exegetes say that Name of the Lord is itself the same as the Divine Essence. This is a fatal mistake and Kufr (disbelief). I hope you will explain things.

Q 2: Then glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. That is, O you Muhammad, glorify your Lord and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes that the polytheists ascribe to Him. My second question is the same as question No. 1.

Q 3: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High, That is, O Muhammad (peace be upon him) glorify your Lord, Who is the Most High and Grand and raise Him far above all imperfect attributes and defects ascribed to Him by sinners and things befit Him not. The third question is the same as questions No. 1 and 2.

Q 4: Read! In the Name of your Lord Who has created (all that exists). i.e. O Muhammad (peace be upon him) start reading the Qur’an in the Name of your Lord seeking His help, for He created all the creatures etc. The question here is, how can he start reading with or seek help from the Name of the Lord while it is a mere Name of Allaah’s Divine Essence? I hope you will explain things to me.

Q 5: In the sentence “Allaah said”, why does the word “Allaah” stand for the subject with the declensional ending of damma (the subject mark in Arabic) – as taught in schools – while the word “Allaah” is a mere reference to not an embodiment of the Divinely Sacred Essence?

Q 6: Victory is ascribed to the word “Allaah” which is a mere Name of the Divine Essence: And on that Day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice (at the victory given by Allaah to the Romans against the Persians) — With the help of Allaah. What does the word “Allaah” stand for? Why do we append the word “Name” to the word “Allaah” and say “Allaah’s Name”? I hope you will explain things to me.

Answer: 1: The word “ism (اسم) (Name)” mentioned in the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah) refers to the Name of Allaah and His Most Beautiful Names. Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) used these Names to refer to the Essence of Allaah. Lafth Al-Jalalh (Allaah) and Allaah’s other Names denote the Essence of Allaah Who has Exalted Attributes… read more here.

The existence of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj and attributing them to human beings

Question: Are Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog), that were mentioned in the Qur’aan, on this Earth or are they in another world? Are they human beings or not?

Answer: They are human beings from the children of Aadam, the father of mankind (peace be upon him). They are living on this earth in the Furthest East. Allaah (Exalted be He) says about Thul-Qarnayn… read more here.

Who are Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog) and where are they?

Question: Who are Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj (Gog and Magog), which continent do they possibly live in, and are they on the earth?

Answer: Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are from Banee Aadam (human beings, descendents from Prophet Aadam, peace be upon him) from the line of Yafith ibn Nooh (peace be upon him). They live in Asia, in northern China… read more here.