Ruling on sending blessings on the Prophet loudly before or after the Athaan

Question: Even though Pakistan, our country, is a Muslim state, some A’immah insist on saying: “Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah, and beloved to Allaah” before they say the Athaan (call to Prayer). They never stop doing so. I pray behind those A’immah. Is my Salaah (Prayer) behind them valid or not? What should I do? What is the ruling on these A’immah?

Answer: Firstly, invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Messenger before and after the Athaan and saying it aloud after or during the Athaan is one of the innovated Bid`ahs in religion… read more here.

Ruling on pronouncing additional words before or after Athaan

Question: We notice that when Fajr Prayer time is due, and prior to the Athaan (call to Prayer), some Mu’ath-thins (callers to Prayer) on the mosque’s minaret pronounce some words like: “Pray” or “Prayer” two or three times; afterwards, they begin pronouncing the Athaan. Is their act valid? Or should they be reprimanded?

Answer: It is well known that Islaam is based on adherence rather than innovation. This is supported by the Prophet’s statement (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Whoever introduces a practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. According to another narration: If anybody introduces a practice which is not religiously authenticated, it is to be rejected. He also stated… read more here.

Ruling on performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times after completion of its building

Question: When people in the north of our country build a Masjid (mosque), they perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) seven times around it on the day they inaugurate it. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the evidence?

Answer: Performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times is an abominable act of Bid`ah, whether this is done on the opening day or any other day. Tawaaf is only lawful when performed around the Ka`bah (in Makkah) and nowhere else… read more here.

Ruling on rubbing oneself against the walls of Mosques at Al-Rahmah Mountain in `Arafah

Question: In the area of Al-Rahmah Mount in `Arafah there are three adjacent Masjids (mosques) with their Mihrabs without ceilings. The pilgrims go to these Masjids to rub themselves against their walls and Mihrabs. Sometimes, they put money at the Mihrabs. They offer two Rak`ahs at each one of these Masjids. Sometimes they perform Salaah at these Masjids at times when prayer is prohibited. Also men and women mingle in crowds there. The pilgrims do all these acts during the days immediately preceding the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah. We hope that Your Eminence will inform us of the legal ruling on these acts, may Allaah reward you with best reward!

Answer: First, `Arafah is a place where one of the rituals of Hajj is to be performed according to Allaah’s orders. This ritual is staying at `Arafah on the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah and the night of `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan before the arrival of the Imaam on Friday

Question: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation… read more here.

Ruling on Bid`ah in “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab”

Question: Is the book “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab (Answered Supplication)” by Ahmad `Abdul-Jawwad a reliable reference? I read in it, “There are twelve Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during the day or night and the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) should be performed between each pair. While sitting for the final Tashahhud, praise Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and invoke Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). While in Sujud (prostration), Soorah Al-Faatihah should be recited seven times, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) seven times, and the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illa Allaah wahdahoo la shareeka lahoo… (There is no god but Allaah Alone and He has no partner…)” should be recited ten times. This Du`aa’ (supplication) should then be recited: “O Allaah! I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, by the utmost mercy of Your Book, and by Your Greatest Name, Your Highest Glory, and Your Perfect Words,” and then ask Allaah for whatever you need. After this, raise your head and say the Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer).” (Related by Al-Haakim on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood [may Allaah be pleased with him]). Is this a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth? There is a Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade `Alee from reciting the Qur’aan during a Rak`ah (bowing) or Sujood.

Answer: Do not depend on this book, as it contains many Da`eef (weak) and Mawdoo` (fabricated) Hadeeth, one of them being the one you mentioned in your question that you read about the twelve Rak`ah in Salah (Prayer) in the manner mentioned… read more here.

Ruling on Nafilah prayer offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Suwar Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite: And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to conclude by saying: “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power. Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him. And peace be on the Messengers. And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.” They should also give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities that are send down on the last Wednesday of Safar. They say that every year 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded as the most difficult day throughout the year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect them by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it, such as children, will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah that supports the validity of the Nafilah mentioned in the question. We have no proof that anyone among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan through microphones and the Ibtihalat

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on reciting Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer using microphones? When a person objects to this act as not related in the Sunnah, they accuse him of preventing the recitation of the Qur’aan. What about the Ibtihalat (religious hymns) heard on microphones shortly before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? When objecting to this baseless act, it is said that it is a good deed aiming at awakening the people for the Fajr Prayer.

Answer: There is no evidence supporting that such acts were committed during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions). The same goes for the Ibtihalat heard before the Fajr Prayer through microphones… read more here.

Ruling on the way of starting Taraaweeh

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? How should it be offered? There is much controversy about this issue; some A’immah (those who lead congregational Prayer) start it by saying “Rise for Qiyaam (stand for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”, and then offer two Rak’ahs (units of Prayer), after which they say, “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice. When the Imaam says this, all the Ma’mooms (persons being led by an Imaam in Prayer) repeat it after him. In the second two Rak’ahs, he reads Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu`awwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) in a loud voice, and the Ma’moom also repeat it after him. On finishing Taraaweeh, he does the same thing three times. If a person tells them that this act was not reported, they reply that it is a good deed and a good Bid`ah (innovation in religion).

Is there anything called a good Bid`ah in Islaam? What is your view on this? How should this Salaah be offered? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Saying: “Rise for Qiyaam (standing for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”; the saying of the Imaam: “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice; repeating this by the Ma’mooms; and reciting Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn in a loud voice after offering two Rak’ahs, are all Bid`ah… read more here.

Putting the hand on the head after Salaah

Question: Some people put their hands on their heads after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), claiming it to be an act of Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet).

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to put the hand on head after Tasleem. In fact, this is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imaam enters

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imam enters the masjid?

Answer: This is impermissible, and confining this to Friday before the Imaam’s entry is introducing a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison after the prayer

Question: Some Moroccans are accustomed to reciting the Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Indeed, the regular custom of reciting Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or after any other prayer is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Gathering for reciting the Qur’aan

Question: What is your opinion (may Allaah safeguard you) of a man who gathers a number of people in his house to recite some verses of the Qur’aan, supplicate Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all Muslims, eat food that he prepared beforehand then depart?

At the same time, the person who invites, distributes separate parts of the Qur’aan to his guests so that once each person finishes his part, having thus finished the whole Qur’aan, one of them supplicates Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all the Muslims. By doing so, they consider that they have recited the whole Qur’aan seeking the blessing thereof.

Answer: First, gathering to recite and learn the Qur’aan by having someone to recite while others listen to it, mutually studying and trying to understand the meanings of it, is permissible… read more here.

Washing hands after Qur’aan recitation

Question: After reciting the Glorious Qur’aan, is it permissible to go directly to the bathroom or should we wash our hands first before entering the bathroom? It is worth mentioning that the water drained from the washbowl and the bathroom is carried off into the same sewer.

Answer: It is not legally required to wash hands after reciting the Qur’aan, or in the washbowl or the bathroom… read more here.

Ruling on writing Aayaat on a paper and putting it in water then drinking it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan

Question: Some people of different nationalities in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) write down Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) on a paper, put it in water, and then drink it to facilitate memorizing Qur’aan. They claim that this helps them to easily memorize the Qur’aan; however, we do not know whether this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the Islaamic ruling on this?

Answer: This act is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Ruling on distributing food and drink following Khatmah

Question: Dear scholars, what is the ruling on the following question:

Did the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), their successors, or the Salaf (righteous predecessors) distribute food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah (completing of one reading of the whole Qur’aan) during Qiyaam-ul-Layl (optional Prayer at night) in Ramadaan?

If this was an established custom that was practiced during the time of the early generations of Islaam, please tell us the book, page number, volume, and edition that proves this. If this is not confirmed, please give us evidence to show whether or not this is permissible, knowing that this is done as a duty believing that the food, drinks, and desserts will bring blessings.

Answer: As far as we know, it is not authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him), any of his Sahaabah, the Taabi`oon, or the A’immah of the Salaf distributed food, drinks, or desserts following Khatmah of the Qur’aan during Qiyaam-ul-Layl in Ramadaan and made this a duty… read more here.

Preparing banquets for completing the recitation of the Qur’aan

Question: Is it permissible to prepare banquets upon completing the recitation of the Qur’aan?

Answer: It is permissible to prepare banquets for wedding occasions. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Awf when the latter told him of his marriage: Prepare a banquet even if with one sheep. The Prophet himself used to prepare banquets for such occasions… read more here.