Books free from Bid`ahs and warning against Bid`ah-tinged Tareeqah

Question: First: We live in a village called Baqur in Aboo Tij town, Asyut Governorate. We live in worry due to the innovation of new matters that are far from religion. We would like a decisive answer for the things that have been innovated to avoid indulging in them, to apply the principles of Islaam with deep insight and to reject Bid`ahs (innovations in religion). What are the books that point out these matters for us? May Allaah guide you and us to goodness and guidance!

Second:
We are young men who are keen to know our religion in spite of what we find of obstinacy and stubbornness of our fathers who have become busy with material life and neglect their religion. What are the recommended books that are free from Bid`ahs, and what are the means to help guide us to the truth? Moreover, our parents deprived us of our allowance due to our religious behavior. They do so because we deny their ignorance and innovation in religion. We would like you to give us a list of useful books so that we can buy some of them and worship Allaah with deep insight and knowledge. Are there weak and fabricated Ahaadeeth? How can we know these kinds of Ahaadeeth especially if they are circulated among some Imaams?

Third:
What is the reality of the Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) we have like Al-Shaadhooliyyah, Al-Ahmadiyyah, Al-Sa`diyyah, Al-Burhaaniyyah and the like? How can we refute their allegations? What books are considered to be decisive in this regard? Are they following the truth as they claim?

Fourth:
We find that some Imaams follow a juristic school that is different from others. Differences among them usually end in quarrel that leads some of the worshippers to give up prayer. We would like a decisive answer in this regard. Can we follow only one of these juristic schools? How can we bring about agreement between these juristic schools in order to restore order?

Fifth:
Some of them may insult the Qur’aan by interpreting some Aayaah (verses) according to their desires and whims in order to mislead people. They interpret, for example, Allaah’s saying in Soorah Al-‘Imraan: Those who remember Allaah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides as those who offer Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) while dancing and swaying to their left and right sides humming unknown words and saying: “Alla Hayy” and other things. Moreover, they permit birth control, women’s singing and praising the Messenger of Allaah by using musical instruments. We would like you to guide us to the truth in matters of our religion in order to refute the claims of those who innovate in matters of their religion.

Answer: Firstly: You did not mention the Bid’ahs you want to ask us about in order to answer you. We would like to bring to your attention a great rule concerning acts of worship. The basis of all acts of worship is that you should not do them unless there is evidence that denotes them. A person should not say that this worship is legal according to its origin, number, or manner except with legal proof for it.… read more here.

Deeds are to be judged according to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a man who introduces acts or things for which there is no precedent in Islaam, and he deems them praiseworthy claiming that he has done nothing related to Bid`ah?

Answer: The deeds of this man are to be judged according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Whatever goes in accordance with them is correct and permissible, otherwise it is rejected and should be abandoned. However, you did not mention any of said person’s deeds so that we may know whether it is Bid`ah or an act of Sunnah.… read more here.

Two Ahaadeeth: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter” and “Whoever introduces some good practice”

Question: I would like Your Eminence to explain the two Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in detail: Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (Islaam) which is not a part of it will have it rejected and Whoever introduces some good practice in Islaam which is followed after him (by people) will be assured of reward like one who follows it (until the Day of the Resurrection)…”

 

Answer: The first Hadeeth means that when someone introduces a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) to be counterpart to what Allaah has legislated, it will not be accepted and he will be a sinner.… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr and reciting Aayatul-Kursee loudly after Salaah

Question: In Damascus, at one of its Masaajid (mosques), after every obligatory Salaah, a person is entrusted with reciting Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) loudly, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas (112) and Muawwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas). Once this person finishes the recitation, every one who offered Salaah re-recites Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Muawwidhatayn altogether.

Is the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reported to have done so, or is it a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Knowing that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is authentically reported to have recited Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn after Salaah, should I do as they do and do this regularly?

Is it permissible for a person who is offering obligatory Salaah to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee or other verses loudly with the intention of teaching those who do not know how to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn?

Answer: It is impermissible for a certain person who is offering Salaah or for all of those offering Salaah to recite the above-mentioned verses after the Salaah loudly; not even with the intention of teaching.… read more here.

Good and evil Bid`ah

Question: Some of my colleagues said: “Bidah (innovation in religion) falls into two categories. The first is a good one and a person can work accordingly. The second is the evil one." I believe that this division is invalid relying on the Hadeeth that says: <img src="http://www.alifta.net/_layouts/images/UserControl-Images/MEDIA-H2.GIF" align="middle" border="0" /><a name="Themostevilofaffairsarenovelties;"></a><span id="ContentParagraph" class="HarfBody">The most evil of affairs are novelties; every novelty is a Bidah (innovation in religion); every Bid`ah is misguidance; and every misguidance is in Hellfire. What is the viewpoint of jurists and Imams of Islaam concerning this point in light of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah?

Answer: This explanation is not valid because of the general meaning of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The most evil affairs are their novelties; and every innovation is an error. This Hadeeth was reported by Muslim in his Saheh. There are many Ahaadeeth in this topic that denote the same meaning.… read more here.

Is Dammah, Fathah and Kasrah considered to be Bid`ah in the Qur’aan?

Question: How many types of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) are there? Is every Bid‘ah misguidance? If yes, are the diacritical marks used in the writing of the Qur’aan, such as Dammah (a small curl-like diacritic standing for the short vowel /u/), Fathah (a small diagonal line placed above a letter to stand for the short vowel /a/), Kasrah (a small diagonal line placed below a letter to stand for the short vowel /i/), Sukoon (a circle-shaped diacritic placed above a letter with no vowel), Nuqtah (dots and diereses placed above and below Arabic letters to distinguish between them) or Nabrah (a carrier on which the letter Hamzah is placed in cases of Kasr) an act of Bid‘ah, as the Qur’aan was written during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without any diacritical marks? Is the writing of these marks an act of Bid‘ah? Is this Bid‘ah a deviation from what is right?

Answer: Bid‘ah (i.e. An invented or newly introduced thing) is divided into Bid‘ah in religion and ordinary Bid‘ah. The ordinary Bid‘ah includes all newly manufactured products and inventions… read more here.

Rejected and accepted Bid`ah

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever introduces in our matter i.e. religion, things extraneous to it, will be rejected. Does Allaah reject all acts of a Mubtadi(one who introduces rejected innovations in religion) or only the acts of the Bidah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Some Bidahs are incongruous with the fundamental articles of Islaam. Others are related to the descriptive manner of acts of worship. A third type of Bidah involves the introduction of unsanctioned practices… read more here.

Meaning and types of Bid`ah

Question: We would like you to explain the meaning and types of Bid’ah (innovation in religion) in detail for us.

Answer: Bid’ah is an act of worship that was not legislated by Allaah such as celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), Israa’ (Night Journey), and Mi’raaj (Ascension to Heaven) and the raising of the Mu’ath-thiin’s (caller to Prayer) voice in offering peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) after pronouncing Athaan (call to prayer) and the like… read more here.

Someone who recites the Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, and does Talqeen to dead

Question: What is the ruling on a person who persists in committing Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) like reciting Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral, reciting the supplication of Al-Qadiriyyah Order “O Allaah, for the sake of Ahmad’s honor, facilitate our mission!”, burning incense in their gatherings, reciting Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) while walking in the funeral procession. They also practice Talqeen to the dead (standing by their grave in an attempt to remind them to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”)? Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Some scholars say that people who commit these Bidahs are disbelievers, as they do not abide by the Prophet's warning against Bidahs. Other scholars view that those people are sinners, but are not taken out of Islaam.

Answer: Bidahs are not all equal in evil. Some Bidahs represent sins that are lesser than Kufr (disbelief). For example reciting the Qur’aan over the dead before or after their burial and slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral are Bidahs. Reciting Tahleel while walking in the funeral procession and Talqeen to the dead person at the grave are Bidahs… read more here.