Question: The Problem of Sufism: What does it mean and what is the attitude of Islaam toward it? I mean Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah (a deviant sect that claims Allaah has no power over His Creation and humans are independent of Him), as well as the Shee`ah. These sects are centralized in Nigeria. For example, the Al-Teejaniyyah Sufi order has a sort of Salaah (prayer) called Bakriyyah that starts with: “O Allaah, convey Your blessings on our master Muhammad, the Opener of what is closed… As much as his great rank and high esteem.” This invocation is superior to Al-Salaah Al-Ibraheemiyyah (The invocation pronounced in the second part of Tashah-hud). We have read this (invocation) in their book titled “Jawaahir Al-Ma`aanee” (The Jewels of Meanings) Part 1, page 136. Is this correct?
Answer: It is said that Sufism is ascribed to Ahl Al-Suffah (at the time of the Prophet) who was a poor group of Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) that used to take shelter in Al-Suffah (a section inside the Prophet’s Masjid during the Prophet’s time)… read more here.