Question: I often hear people say some words about which I would like to know the Islaamic viewpoint. For example, when a person dies some people call him “Al-Marhoom” (The person upon whom Allaah’s mercy is bestowed). And if the person is of a high rank, they say, “Al-Maghfoor Lahoo (The Forgiven) such and such.” Have they looked into Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooth (The Preserved Tablet) to know that someone is forgiven or has been granted Allaah’s Mercy? This is why I am inquiring about this issue. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated in His Glorious Book: (And remember) when Allaah took a covenant from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and the religious knowledge) known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it I would appreciate your guidance in this matter.
Answer: Confirming Allaah’s Mercy or Forgiveness (Glorified be He) for a deceased person is of the Ghayb (unseen) affairs which no one knows except Allaah (Exalted be He), and those informed by Allaah from amongst His angels, messengers, or prophets. Thus, it is impermissible for anyone other than those previously mentioned to declare that Allaah has bestowed forgiveness or mercy upon a deceased person unless there is a clear text from the infallible one (Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him)… read more here.