A Muslim working in a non-Muslim country

Question: Is it permissible for Muslims to work in non-Muslim countries and can we relate this to the work that Prophet Yoosuf (Joseph, peace be upon him) was doing?

Answer: It is permissible for Muslims to work in non-Muslim countries if they feel safe in themselves from Fitnah (temptation) in their Deen (religion)… read more here.

Could verbal or practical coercion be a justification to renounce Islaam?

Question: Does verbal or practical coercion justify professing Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: If coercion is actually existent, then the apparent declaration of disbelief is tolerated on condition that a person’s heart is assured of faith, Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Granting the nationality of a Muslim country to a non-Muslim

Question: What is the ruling on granting the nationality of a Muslim country to a non-Muslim?

Answer: It is permissible to grant a non-Muslim the nationality of a Muslim country provided that the danger of Fitnah (sedition) is secured and that his good intentions are sensed… read more here.

Dealing with Christian neighbours

Question: How should I deal with my Christian neighbors or classmates? Should I visit and congratulate them on their religious occasions?

Answer: It is permissible to treat Christian people who are at close proximity to you, neighbors or classmates, gently and help them do lawful things. It is also permissible to visit them with the intention of calling them to the way of Allaah, so that Allaah may guide them to Islaam… read more here.

Trade Partnerships with non-Muslims

Question: We live in Australia, a country that clearly admits its secular identity that secures freedom of religion and atheism; nevertheless, the broadcast media, whether television or radio, is clothed in the garb of Judo-Christian values. A simple observer can easily see this. The proportion of Muslims to other inhabitants of the country is one to thirty two. We, as Muslims, sometimes have to go to their centers, their places of worship, and attend funerals of friends or officials, and similar cases needed due to work conditions and responsibilities. Sometimes, a non-Muslim may come to our houses and eat with us. Sometimes, they ask us to allow them to see inside our Masjids (mosques) and enter them.(Of course, while respecting the Islaamic relevant etiquette, like their taking off their shoes or wearing head scarves by women). So what is the ruling of Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) on the following:

1- Entering a non-Muslim’s house.
2- Attending their religious ceremonies.
3- Entering into trade partnership with them.
4- Entertaining them.
5- Their coming to our places of worship.
6- May they deliver speeches in our Masjids?
7- May they deliver a speech in our celebrations in the lecture room outside the Masjid?
8- Is it permissible for us to meet them ( Jews or Christians) in general gatherings organized by the Australian state or any of the governmental institutions where each party delivers a speech on religious issues like (Peace in Religions), (Mercy in Religions), (The Meaning of Worship in Religions) etc.?

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible to go to the non-Muslims’ houses to reconcile their hearts, advise, and guide them and for similar good purposes, but not out of closeness and alliance… read more here.

Ruling on spending the night in the house of a Mushrik

Question: Is it permissible to spend the night in the house of a Mushrik (the one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity) from among those who glorify shrines and sacrifice for other than Allaah?

Answer: It is not permissible to spend the night in the house of a Mushrik from among those who glorify shrines and sacrifice for anyone other than Allaah… read more here.

Muslims and non-Muslims exchanging visits

Question: In the area where we work, there are some Arab Christians who sometimes invite us to visit them. Is it permissible for us to visit them and invite them to visit us?

Answer: If your intention of visiting is to advise and invite them to Islaam, then inviting to Islaam is a noble aim. Therefore, your invitation and visit at their houses is a means to realize this noble objective; the means are judged the same as their objectives… read more here.

Ruling on visiting relatives who love disbelievers

Question: Is it permissible to visit relatives who love disbelievers?

Answer: It is permissible to visit such relatives on condition that the person visiting them advises and instructs them to stop their love of disbelievers. To do so, one is encouraged to make clear to them the meaning of the principle of Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (loyalty to Muslims and disassociation from non-Muslims for Allaah’s Sake) so that they might be aware of what is lawful and what is prohibited thereof and that they might give up this evil deed… read more here.

Dealing with a Dhimmee (protected non-Muslim living under Islaamic rule)

Question: What is the ideal way to deal with a Dhimmee? Should they be dealt with in the normal way?

Answer: The ideal way for Muslims when dealing with a Dhimmee is to honor the agreement made with them according to the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadeeth that command the fulfillment of agreements and dealing kindly and justly with them. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Sharing the same places of worship with non-Muslims

Question: Q 1: Is it legally valid for the followers of different religions to share one place of worship?
Q 2: Is it valid for the followers of different religions to practice their worship in one place with reserved sections for ceremonial purposes?
Q 3: What is the Islaamic viewpoint concerning the free intermixing between men and women in gatherings where religious matters are discussed?
Q 4: Is it Islaamically permissible that a non-Muslim builds and runs a ceremonial building like a mosque?
Q 5: Is it permissible for a Muslim to spend his money on building Masaajid?

Q 6: Is it Islamically permissible for a non-Muslim to finance Islaamic projects like Masjids and schools?

Answer: Firstly, it is unanimously agreed upon that the Islaamic Sharee`ah was revealed to both jinn and mankind. Whoever claims that the Jews and the Christians are following the path of truth, whether from among them or not, is contradicting the Qur’aan, Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and the general consensus of the Muslim Ummah… read more here.

Attending Buddhist and disbelievers’ ceremonies

Question: What is the ruling on Muslim’s taking part in the celebrations held by the Buddhists for their dead, such as:

A. Attending cremations
B. Donations for these celebrations when not attending
C. Giving black flowers to the bereaved family
D. Wearing a black ribbon around the arm or the neck
E. Visiting the homes of the bereaved relatives to offer condolences

Answer: It is not permissible to do any of the things mentioned. In fact, doing them is Haraam (prohibited), as it is sharing in their disbelief and helping them in what is not permissible in Islaam… read more here.

Ruling on celebrating Christmas

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to join the Christians in their celebrations, such as Christmas that is held at the end of December? Some people who claim knowledge sit with Christians in their feast gatherings and say that it is permissible. Is their opinion true or false? Is there any legal evidence for the permissibility of doing so?

Answer: It is not permissible to join the Christians in their celebrations, even if those who claim knowledge join them, because this increases their numbers and is a kind of support to them in sin and transgression. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwaa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression.… read more here.

Ruling on attending festivities of Christians

Question: What is the legal ruling on entertaining some Christian clergymen on the occasion of the Argentinean national celebrations that are held in their churches such as Independence Day, and participating in the Christian Arab celebrations such as Easter?

Answer: It is not permissible for Muslims to hold such celebrations, or attend them, or participate in them with the Christians, for such participation is a form of helping the occurrence of sin and transgression, whereas Allaah has forbidden them… read more here.

Imitating Jews and Christians in their weekends

Question: What is the ruling on a school owner who appoints its weekends on both Saturdays and Sundays, and allows studying on both Thursdays and Fridays? Is it permissible for him to lead Muslims in Salaah (Prayer) or not?

Answer: It is not permissible to allocate either Saturdays or Sundays or both of them as weekends, since this implies imitating the Jews and Christians. For, the Jews have their weekends on Saturdays, whereas Christians have their weekends on Sundays, out of a sense of honoring them (these two days)… read more here.

Attending the cremation of a deceased Buddhist

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to attend the cremation of a deceased Buddhist, if they are invited?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to attend a Buddhist cremation, whether they are invited to it or not, because by sharing in their rejected rituals and making them happy, it appears as if we are sanctioning what they are doing… read more here.

Taking part in the celebrations of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians)

Question: If you please, our dear Shaykh, I entered into a discussion with my Muslim brothers regarding some matter in the religion of Islaam, namely: Some Muslims in Ghana venerate the holidays of the Jews and the Christians, and leave their holidays to the extent that when the time of a festival of the Jews or the Christians comes, they suspend the Islaamic schools on the occasion of such a festival, and they do not suspend the Islaamic schools during the festivals of Muslims. Their justification for this is: If you follow the Jews and the Christians regarding their holidays, they will enter into the religion of Islaam. Could you please, dear Shaykh, explain to us whether their actions spring from the religion of Islaam or not?

Answer: Firstly, the Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) is to display the rites of Islaam among Muslims. On the other hand, abandoning this contradicts the guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him). It was authentically reported that the Prophet said: You must follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. Stick to it and hold fast to it… read more here.

Loyalties to disbelievers that render a Muslim into a disbeliever

Question: What are the boundary lines of loyalties which when transgressed turn the doer into a Kaafir (disbeliever), outside the pale of Islaam? We hear that anyone who eats or sits with a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), or uses the light of their lamps, or sharpens for them a pencil, or fills their inkwell is a Mushrik like them. We often deal with Jews and Christians because of citizenship and coexistence in one place. What are then the limits of loyalties which when transgressed renders the doer of the act a disbeliever? What are the books that deal with this matter in detail? Are loyalties to Allaah and Muslims from the fundamental requirements of testifying that there is no god in truth but Allaah?

Answer: Loyalties to disbelievers that render a Muslim a disbeliever is loving and supporting them against Muslims, but they do not include dealing with them justly, associating with them to call them to Islaam, attending their meetings and traveling to their land for clarifying and spreading Islaam… read more here.