Studying philosophy and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat

Question: Is it permissible to study philosophy, logic, and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses)? Is it permissible to attend places that offer these studies or is it included in this Aayah: And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’aan) that when you hear the Aayaat of Allaah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them.

Answer: If a person is knowledgeable enough and confident in themselves to the extent that they are not afraid that reading these subjects or sitting with their adherents will cause a Fitnah (trial) to their religion… read more here.

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Wrong ijtihaad and its limits

Question: Some contemporary religious youths say that most or all those who fall into Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) in the Muslim world today are not Mushrikeen (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). They defend them saying that they are either noble scholars who, through Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings), come up with views like the permissibility of Istighaathah (beseeching help) from other than Allaah, as did Al-Suyootee, Al-Nabahaanee, and others. Those great scholars will get a double reward if their view is correct and a single reward if their view is wrong. As for ordinary imitating people, they have done the best they can.

Answer: The people who are excused in the case of mistaken inference, are the Mujtahideen (scholars qualified to exercise juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in speculative discretionary issues only, and not people who reach erroneous views on issues authentically established by clear scriptural texts, or well known basic principles of the religion… read more here.

Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Question: Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: It is permissible to profess Kufr if actually forced into it, while the heart of the coerced Muslim rests secure with firm faith… read more here.

Someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on offering Salaah (prayer) behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who denies some of the Prophet’s Hadeeth such as the Hadeeth stating that magic was cast on the Prophet (peace be upon him) or the one prophesying the descent of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) near the end of time?

Answer: The one who denies the Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), such as the two Ahaadeeth referred to above, is a liar and may be judged either to be a Faasiq (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islaamic law) or a Kaafir (disbeliever), according to that person’s state… read more here.

Can a person who says “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah” be a disbeliever?

Question: Can a person be a disbeliever in spite of verbally saying: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah” (There is no god in truth but Allaah)?

Answer: A person can be a disbeliever in the Sight of Allaah in spite of saying, “There is no god  in truth but Allaah”, as the hypocrites who say it only by tongue, but their hearts have not believed in it, such as ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubay ibn Salool and suchlike… read more here.

Dealing with someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling on those who refute some of the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), such as the Hadeeth about the punishment and bliss in the grave, the Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven), Sihr (sorcery), Shafaa`ah (intercession), and getting out of the Fire? What is the ruling on performing Salaah (Prayer) behind them and exchanging greetings with them or is it better to disassociate from them?

Answer: The scholars of Hadeeth should discuss the Riwaayah (the study of the text of a Hadith and how to apply it) and Diraayah (the study of the principles set to verify whether a Hadeeth is acceptable or not in terms of text and chain of narrators) of these Hadeeth with them to explain their authenticity and meanings… read more here.

Offering Salaah behind a beardless Imaam

Question: What is the ruling on offering Salaah (prayer) behind a clean-shaven Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who also mocks bearded men and orders them to shave their beard off?

Answer: It is not permissible to mock a bearded man as he grows his beard in compliance with the command of the Prophet (peace be upon him) thereof. Moreover, the mocker should be advised and instructed… read more here.

Calling people to regularly observe Salaah

Question: Many of our colleagues do not offer Salaah (Prayer).Perhaps they used to offer Salaah regularly before leaving their homeland, but as soon as they indulged in the American life style, they abandoned Salaah and Sawm (Fast) and forgot Islaam. Some other colleagues and I advised them and called them to pray, but they did not respond. Are we absolved of liability before Allaah, especially that we live with them in the same accommodation?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, you are free from liability and there is nothing wrong with living with them in case of necessity. You should keep advising them and call them to adhere to the Islaamic obligations with wisdom and good instruction, and debate with them in the best and most constructive way… read more here.

Some acts of Kufr take a person out of Islaam

Question: Some scholars consider a person who abandons Salaah (Prayer) as committing Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions), and Kufr ‘Amalee does not put one beyond the pale of Islam except in exceptional cases like cursing Allaah (Exalted be He) and similar acts. Is a person abandoning Salaah considered an exception? If so, why is he considered an exception?

Answer: Not all the types of Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions) do not put one beyond the pale of Islaam… read more here.

Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam

Question: They interpret Kufr (disbelief) that takes a person out of Islaam as denial only, whereas a person who abandons Salaah (prayer) out of negligence is not a denier of its obligation. Or is there another type of Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam without involving denial?

Answer: Confining the Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam to denial only is incorrect… read more here.

Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam?

Question: What is the opinion of the knowledgeable scholars on a man who contradicts decisive texts from the Qur’aan and authentic Hadeeth? Upon receiving advice and admonition, he says: “There is nothing wrong with what I do.” If he judges among people, he gives false judgments contradicting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth. This ruler rarely performs Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast). Moreover, he allies himself with disbelievers, wicked people and followers of corrupted creeds. He permits what has been forbidden by Allaah, like vowing to other than Allaah, drinking alcohol, dealing in Ribaa (usury/interest), taking bribes, dishonest and illegal transactions. He also mocks the religiously committed sincere scholars. He says that they are crazy people. Moreover, he seeks to be a ruler by rallying people around him, through lavish spending on them.People are inclined in his favor because he brings them benefits such as acquitting criminals, jailing their opponents and punishing innocent people. After winning, he makes illegal intercession with judges to acquit criminals and punish innocent people. He lavishes his money on evil things. People come to congratulate him, singing and beating drums. Is supporting or allying oneself with such a person permissible or prohibited in the purified Sharee‘ah? Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam? Guide us to the truth! May Allaah grant you the best reward in the everlasting abode. I am submitting this question to spread your answer on it all over Pakistan. Therefore, we beg for a speedy answer from your eminence.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then the person in question who has such a character is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whose Kufr (disbelief) has cast him outside the pale of Islaam. It is unlawful to support or ally oneself with him… read more here.

Are Muslims to be excused for ignorantly performing acts of Kufr and Shirk?

Question: Is the person who ignorantly commits any act of Kufr (disbelief) or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Can they be excused because of their ignorance? Please, provide us with evidence.

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Telling jokes of blasphemous or dissolute content

Question: Some people speak words that are tantamount to Kufr (disbelief) or Fisq (flagrant violation of Islaamic law) and justify it by saying: “I am just joking.” Are such people pardoned for doing so, if they are only joking?

Answer: It is strictly prohibited to tell blasphemous or bawdy jokes. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Dealing with someone who abandons Salaah and Sawm

Question: A person who is a Muslim on both his mother’s and father’s side of the family, but refuses to pray or fast, and refrains from other acts of worship? Is it permissible to treat him like Muslims; to eat with him and so on?

Answer: If the state of this person is, as you mentioned; he refuses to pray, fast, or do other rituals of Islaam, he will be considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), which will put him beyond the pale of Islaam, according to the more correct of the two scholarly views. He should be asked to repent to Allaah for three days… read more here.

Helping Apostates to change their names

Question: I received a question from one of the employees in the identity card department stating that the people who newly embrace Islaam sometimes need to change their names especially if their meaning contradict Islaamic beliefs.It sometimes happens that some of them apostatize from Islaam. This requires the re-changing of their names again to the previous ones before Islaam. There are many Islaamic and non-Islaamic rulings that are dependent upon these changes like inheritance, marriage and personal status. Now, since the person asking this question works in the Civil Affairs Department, Identity Card Branch, will he be committing a sin if he changes the names of such persons? Does his work count as support to them in their Riddah (apostasy)? Moreover, he receives commands from his supervisors to do so. What is the ruling on this issue?

Answer: If you are aware that the person who wants to change his name is leaving Islaam and reverting to disbelief, you should not offer him any kind of help even though your supervisor orders you to do so… read more here.

Has the evidence of Allaah been established against the people of modern times?

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). Has Proof from Allaah been established against the people of the present time, leaving them no excuse for disbelief, or it still has not been established and scholars have to establish it?

Answer: If the Da‘wah (Call to Islaam) reaches anyone among the people living at this time, Proof from Allaah has been established against them (leaving them no excuse for disbelief and entailing punishment)… read more here.

Apostasy renders good deeds worthless if no repentance follows

Question: The year before last, I intended to perform Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously). Once I reached Allaah’s Sacred House, I performed ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and Tawaaf-ul-Qudum (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah on arrival in Makkah) at the same time. I had never visited the Ka‘bah before then. A day after this, I performed ‘Umrah on behalf of my dead mother. Since I had a lot of time before leaving to Minaa on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th of Dhul-Hijjah), the people whom I stayed with advised me to start Tahalul (removal of the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) and I did. On going to Mina, I assumed the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) anew and offered two Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with the intention of Ihraam for Hajj only in Masjid (mosque of) Tan‘im. I then changed my intention from Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah simultaneously) to Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between). Is there anything wrong with my Hajj even though I slaughtered a Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims)? Is the Umrah I performed on behalf of my mother valid or is it impermissible to perform two Umrahs during the same Hajj season? Does any sin a pilgrim may commit after Hajj nullify his Hajj, given that to err is human?

Answer: The Hajj you have offered is Tamattu‘ Hajj (combining Hajj and ‘Umrah with a break in between) and you did well when you removed the ritual state for ‘Umrah… read more here.

Abandoning Salaah and mocking Islaam or the Sunnah

Question: What is the ruling on a person who abandons Salaah (prayer), does not observe Sawm (fasting) during Ramadaan and makes a mockery of religious obligations and Sunnah such as growing a beard and shortening one’s garment (for men: to avoid the trailing of garment on the ground out of pride)? Please, clarify how to deal with such a person whether he is a brother, a father, or a friend?

Answer: The person who intentionally abandons Salaah may do so either out of negligence or out of denying its obligation. If he denies its obligation, he is a Kaafir (disbeliever) by scholarly consensus… read more here.