Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”
In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.
Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.