Mocking bearded Muslims

Question: What is the ruling on a person who scorns one of the Sunan (traditions) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)? For example, a person who scorns the beard or bearded people and mockingly call them, “O bearded”. We hope your eminence will explain to us the ruling on the person who says so.

Answer: Scorning the beard is an act greatly disapproved of by Islaamic law. If the person who says, “O bearded” intends to scorn the Sunnah, it is considered Kufr (disbelief). If he says it just to specify the person he is calling, it is not considered Kufr (disbelief)… read more here.

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Difference regarding letting the beard grow

Question: Growing a beard is one of the Sunnahs of the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, many Muslims shave it, others pluck it, others trim it and others even deny its being an act of Sunnah. Others say that it is an act of Sunnah which is rewardable if observed and not punishable if abandoned. Some foolish people say that if there had been any good in growing one’s beard, it would not have grown in the place of pubic hair. What is the ruling of Islaam on each of these people and their different viewpoints? What is the ruling on one who denies one of the Prophet’s acts of Sunnah?

Answer: The Saheeh (authentic) Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates that it is obligatory to leave the beard as it is and let it grow long and that it is prohibited to cut or shave it. It is narrated in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Abstaining from performance of the practical pillars of Islaam

Question: If someone testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, but does not observe the four Pillars of Islaam, i.e. Salaah (Prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, and the other acts prescribed by the Islaamic Sharee`ah, do they deserve the intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the Day of Resurrection to escape the punishment of Hellfire, even for a limited time?

Answer: Anyone who bears witness that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but abstains from performing Salaah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, denying the obligation of these four Pillars, or any one of them after being told about them, is regarded as a Murtad (apostate) from Islaam… read more here.

Denying authentic Ahaadeeth and interpreting Aayaat about Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Ahaadeeth and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadeeths. Or sects that divert the Names of Allaah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase: “The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkaam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.” They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, “Allaah is there, everywhere.” Is it permissible to offer Salaah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects?

What if the Imaam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

Answer: Those who deny the sound Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail… read more here.

A Muslim opposing an established ruling supported with a clear text

Question: In our town, Pattani, which lies in the south of Thailand, big problems have been caused by the issue of the bereaved family making food for the condolers.I hope, Your Eminence, will clarify this issue and the following issues:

The rules of religious obligations are classified into: Waajib (obligatory), Mandoob (commendable), Jaa’iz (permissible), Makrooh (disliked) and Mahdhoor (prohibited).

What is the ruling on a person who denies one of the mentioned rules by saying instead that:
1- The obligatory is rather commendable, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
2- The commendable is rather obligatory, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
3- The permissible is rather obligatory, commendable, reprehensible or prohibited;
4- The reprehensible is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or prohibited;
5- The prohibited is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or reprehensible.

For instance, the knowledgeable scholars said, “It is Makrooh that people should be entertained with food served by the family of the deceased, because this is legitimate only in the time of happiness, not sorrow; it is a loathsome Bid‘ah (innovation in religion).”They also said, “It is Makrooh to serve food on the first, second and third days, until a week passes.” They also said, “The four Imaams (Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi‘ee, and Ahmad) are agreed that it is Makrooh that the family of the deceased should make food for the people to gather and eat,” and similar scholarly opinions.

However, in our town, Pattani, most of the scholars stated the opposite of the previously mentioned; some of them said it is Sunnah; others said it is permissible; and a few of them said it is obligatory. Hajj ‘Abdullaah Al-Haj Muhammad Saalih, `Abdul-Rahmaan Jafakiya and I hold the same opinion of the former knowledgeable scholars.

Thus, because of this issue they accuse one another of Kufr (disbelief), they do not eat from one another’s sacrificed animals; nor do they marry from one another’s families. I wish Your Eminence would send us a written Fatwaa so that we can print and distribute it freely among all the people, In sha’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Answer: First: the authentic Sunnah indicates that the family of the deceased are not the ones who should make food, but it is their Muslim brothers who should make food for them as a form of support and showing condolences, as they might be too grieved to think of food… read more here.

Judging the People of the Book who do not believe in the mission of Muhammad to be Kuffaar

Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”

In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.

Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Rendering Haraam as Halaal and Halaal as Haraam

Question: A dispute has arisen between our Muslim brothers in Turkey, regarding the Hadeeth that states, “Whoever renders Haraam (the prohibited) to be Halaal (lawful) and Halaal to be Haraam has become a Kaafir (disbeliever).” If a person renders Haraam as Halaal or vice versa, will they be considered as a Kaafir or a sinner? What does the word “Kafara (become a Kaafir)” mean in the Hadeeth or is there no difference between its meaning and the meaning of the word “Kaafir”? We hope that Your Eminence will give us a convincing answer regarding this Hadeeth.

Answer: Firstly, we do not know the basis of this Hadeeth and none of the well-known Imaams (compilers of Hadeeth) related it, whether by a Sanad (chain of narrators) that is considered Saheeh (authentic) or Da`eef (weak). In this case, it is not to be relied or acted upon… read more here.

Ruling on women who are scantily dressed

Question: Is it permissible to consider scantily-dressed women as Kuffaar (disbelievers), for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said about them: They will not enter Jannah (Paradise) or even smell its fragrance… ?

Answer: If the woman believes that this is lawful, after being advised and informed of the ruling, she is considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)… read more here.

Cursing Time

Question: Do not curse time, as I am Time; I turn around… Is this a Hadeeth? If so, is this its authentic text? What does it mean?

Answer: Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim related on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Mocking Hijaab

Question: What is the ruling on someone who mocks a Muslim woman wearing the proper Islaamic Hijaab (veil) or describes her as being a ghost or a moving tent and other such insulting words?

Answer: Anyone who mocks a Muslim man or woman for adhering to the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whether the object of ridicule is Islaamic Hijaab or any other matter of Islaam… read more here.

The excuse of being ignorant in insulting and fighting religious rituals

Question: The issue of (insulting religion): Can we immediately judge a person who insults religion to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)? What is the ruling on women and children who insults religion?

(2) The issue of (excuse for ignorance): about ridiculing the beard, the Niqaab (face veil), the Qamees (long shirt), or the Muslims; also the issue of insulting religion: Can people be excused for being ignorant if they commit these things?

(3) The issue of (excuse for ignorance): about matters related to worshiping graves or Taaghoot (false gods). Can the people who worship graves and Taaghoot be excused for being ignorant in this regard? We would like you to guide us to the truth on this issue and also on the issue of (fighting religious activity): Are those who are employed for that purpose excused for being ignorant in this regard?

(4) The process of argumentation against a Muslim who offers sacrifices to other than Allaah, or invokes other than Allaah, or helps tyrants: Can any Muslim who has knowledge about these issues argue against those who do such things? Are there any other conditions for establishing evidence against them?

Answer: Firstly: Inviting others to the Way of Allaah must be done with wisdom, good admonition, arguing with them in the best constructive way. This is an obligation enjoined by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Insulting religion and building Masjids over graves

Question: What is the ruling on those who commit blasphemy? What if they are first degree of kinship such as the father or the brother? What is the ruling on shrines like Ibraaheem Al-Dusuqee, Al-Sayyid Al-Badawee, Al-Husayn, etc. What about the Masjids (mosques) built around these graves? Do they fall under the Prophet’s Hadeeth, Allaah curses the Jews and the Christians, for they have taken the graves of their Prophets as places of worship. ?

Answer: First, blasphemy is an act of apostasy if a blasphemer is a Muslim. It is the duty of whoever knows that to forbid the Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and advise them for they hopefully may accept the advice, stop doing Munkar, and repent to Allaah… read more here.

Types of Kufr

Question: Kindly, cite all the cases whereby a person is judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever), outside the Deen (religion) of Islaam. What is the ruling on a person judged as such? Please, give a brief account on Riddah (apostasy), the lower degree of Kufr (disbelief) and love and hate of such a person for Allaah’s Sake.

Answer: The Mukaffiraat (Crimes, the perpetration of which make one a disbeliever) that place a person outside Islaam are many, among them are the following… read more here.

Tearing the Mus-haf

Question: What is the legal ruling on a man who takes hold of a Mus-haf (Qur’aan-book) and starts tearing it page by page despite being fully aware that it is a Mus-haf, and despite being warned by another man standing beside him that it was a Mus-haf? Moreover, what is the ruling on a man who extinguishes a cigarette on the Mus-haf?

Answer: By doing so, they are both judged to be disbelievers, for insulting and desecrating the Book of Allaah (Exalted be He). Their behavior comes under the same ruling as the mockers of its authority… read more here.

Ruling on someone who insults religion

Question: What is the ruling on someone who testifies: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah,” performs Salaah (Prayer) and all the other religious obligations, but, when they are angry or in a discussion with a certain person, they say some words that I am ashamed to mention or say, except in this type of situation that necessitates me to do so to explain the situation. The things that are said are such as: “Damn your Lord’s Religion” and other similar phrases. Is someone who says such things obliged to perform Ghusl (a ritual bath) and are their deed nullified? Please explain this matter to us.

Answer: What you mentioned about the person saying: “Damn your Lord’s Religion,” this takes them out of Islaam. It is obligatory that they should be advised and guided with wisdom, good advice, and the best arguments, so Allaah may guide them and they will stop saying such things in the future… read more here.