Question: There has been much controversy among the Islaamic groups in the Arab Republic of Egypt about one of the issues related to Eemaan (Faith), which is the ruling on violating the Islaamic ‘Aqeedah (creed) and abandoning part of the Sharee’ah (Islaamic law) due to ignorance. It has even reached the extent of creating hostility among the brothers; many debates and researches were made by both parties: those who accept excuse by reason of ignorance and those who do not. Some of them say that people can be excused regarding the branches of faith, but not its fundamentals; others say that people can be excused in both the branches and the fundamentals of faith; whereas others say that the evidence is already established. Those who accept excuse by reason of ignorance call the people to Islaam and do not judge them as disbelievers until Da‘wah (Call to Islaam) reaches them. If they refuse this guidance, they are then considered disbelievers. On the other hand, those who do not accept excuse by reason of ignorance judge them as disbelievers for committing acts of Kufr (disbelief), and declare people to be disbelievers, outside Islaam, for committing acts of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and provide evidence for their beliefs.I am confused between both parties, which one should I follow? Each of them accuses the other of Ibtidaa‘ (heresy) and each party thinks they are right and the other is wrong. I have no idea who is right and who is wrong. This problem has spread among the Muslims as a result of disagreement on this issue. Who is right and who is wrong? I want to follow the truth which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them all) followed.
Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.