Islaamic ruling on erecting statues for several purposes

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on erecting statues for several purposes?

Answer: Erecting statues for whatever purpose is Haraam (prohibited); whether to memorialize kings, leaders, dignitaries, or reformers, or to celebrate symbols of wisdom or bravery such as the Sphinx, or for any other purpose. This prohibition is based on the general authentic Hadeeth on this topic… read more here.

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Sculpture and photography of beings with souls

Question: Is art prohibited absolutely or for a specific time?

Answer: Art, such as sculpture and photography of beings with a soul, is absolutely Haraam (prohibited) at any time, except when it is a case of necessity, such as taking a photo for a passport or an ID card, taking photos of suspects to identify them, or for exams, employment, or other similar cases in which photos prevent deception and maintain security. So taking photos is permissible if there is a real need for it… read more here.

Taking photographs and making sculptures of beings with souls

Question: I am a student in the first year of the secondary stage. I have loved drawing since an early age. My love for drawing was unimaginable. Later on, I discovered that drawing incurs the wrath of Allaah, but I could not stop being very attached to it. Drawing is not my only problem. I also love sculpturing and I sculpture faces. I have tried many times to abandon drawing and sculpturing. But Satan would incite me to do so.I would like you to guide me to the way that will help me abandon drawing and sculpturing.

Answer: Taking photographs and making sculptures of living beings that have souls is prohibited. The Prophet (peace be upon him) cursed those who draw pictures and said: Verily, they would be the most grievously tormented people on the Day of Resurrection.… read more here.

Keeping pictures inside books

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said, Angels do not enter a house in which there is a picture, a statue or a dog. Does this Hadeeth include the pictures inside books, even if there is no picture on the cover?

Answer: Yes, it is included in the general meaning of the Hadeeth even if the picture is not on the cover. On the other hand, if the face is effaced or removed, then it is not included in the Hadeeth… read more here.

Keeping daily newspapers and magazines which include pictures

Question: What is the ruling on keeping daily newspapers and magazines which include pictures and taking them to the Masjid (mosque) to read them?

Answer: It is permissible to have them if the pictures included are effaced. It would be better for you to recite Qur’an in the Masjid to benefit yourself and act as an exemplar of virtue to others… read more here.

Possessing magazines that contain photographs

Question: What is your opinion on possessing magazines that contain photographs? Are they included in the prohibited kinds of photographs?

Answer: The possession of magazines which contain photographs is permissible, if the possession is for the purpose that they contain useful knowledge. Those who possess them shoulddistort the photographs included with ink or suchlike. If possession is for the photographs themselves, it is not permissible… read more here.

Taking photographs of beings with souls or hanging them in Masaajid and other places

Question: What is the ruling on performing Salaah (Prayer) in Masaajid (mosques) that have photographs of animate creatures? What is the ruling on photographs?

Answer: It is not permissible to take photographs of animate creatures or to hang them in Masaajid and other places such as houses, due to the general proofs on the prohibition of photographs… read more here.

Putting photographs of animals or humans in a Masjid

Question: What is the ruling on putting photographs of animals or humans in a Masjid (Mosque)? Is it permissible to offer Salaah in such a Masjid? Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) wearing a garment decorated by human or animal photographs? Is it permissible to decorate an office or a bedroom with human or animal photographs?

Answer: It is not permissible to put human or animal photographs in Masaajid (mosques). They should be removed from the Masaajid where they are hung… read more here.

Scale models of the two Sacred Mosques

Question: I would like to know the ruling on making a model for Al-Haramayn Al-Shareefayn (the Two Sacred Mosques i.e. The Sacred Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) including the Sacred Ka`bah with the aim of selling them to the pilgrims and other Muslims who wish to buy them as souvenirs.

Answer: It is not permissible to make scale models for Al-Haramayn Al-Shareefayn as they may contain pictures of the people in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) while making Tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka`bah)… read more here.

Tasweer of beings without souls

Question: Due to the occasion of Hajj (Pilgrimage), I intend to print the picture of the Honored Ka`bah and the Masjid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order to be distributed among pilgrims. This may help remind them of their sacred rites during the performance of every rite as they look at their watches. I need your encouragement for this by giving me a Fatwaa that permits printing the picture of the Ka`bah and Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee onto clocks and watches in order to give this fatwaa to customs when importing them. May Allaah not deprive us of your instructions!

Answer: Taking photographs of what does not have a soul; of mountains, plants, trees, seas and all inanimate objects is permissible. But something might result out of these pictures that makes them impermissible. Printing the picture of the Honored Ka`bah and Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) on watches and clocks has the same ruling of impermissibility… read more here.

Using drawings and shapes of beings with souls

Question: Due to the mistakes committed in Hajj (Pilgrimage) by Muslims in general and by those of India and Pakistan in particular, I felt it was important to write a book on the rituals of Hajj in Urdu. As I need more visual aids in explaining some places in the Honored Ka`bah or explaining how to start from the Al-Hajar Al-Aswad (The Black Stone in the southeast corner of the Ka`bah from which Muslims begin circumambulation) and so on, I need to put lines and shapes. Is it permissible according to the Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) to use the mentioned lines and shapes for explanation?

Answer: It is not permissible to use drawings and shapes of things which have souls such as Humans and others even if they are used to explain some sites in the Honored Ka`bah because there is no necessity to do so and because of the general proofs of prohibition… read more here.

What is the meaning of this “passion for the physical form”?

Question: Imaam Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) mentioned in his book: “Al-Jawaab Al-Kaafee liman Sa’ala `An Al-Dawaa’ Al-Shaafee’ (An Appropriate Response to those Inquiring about Healing Treatments)” the passion for the physical form and the great harm to `Aqeedat-ul-Tawheed (faith in the Oneness of Allaah) in the soul of a believer it leads to.

What is the meaning of this “passion for the physical form”? Does it include pictures and statues of beautiful women that are hung on walls or erected on the street so that people can stand in front of them and love them as they love Allaah or feel passionate about them to the point of infatuation? Or is the meaning of these physical forms the beautiful images that circulate in a person’s mind of those they love and adore? If this is the case, what is the ruling on a man who throws himself onto his bed, closes his eyes, and imagines a naked woman and does with her what a man does to his wife to relieve the natural urges and desires inside him?

Is this the type of passion for the physical form that can lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) that will not be forgiven – and we take refuge in Allaah from this? If that is so, can we say that it is not permissible for a husband to imagine his wife being naked, or is this also included as a passion for the physical form, even though the man has the right to see the whole body of his wife in real life and to love every part of her?

This is the problem that I wanted to present to Your Eminence, hoping by Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) that you will send me a quick reply, because I am very confused by this matter, especially as it is related to `Aqeedah (creed). May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: The meaning of the passion for the physical form here is when someone loves it in a manner that resembles or even exceeds their love of Allaah. This is supported by what Ibn Al-Qayyim said; that maybe the one who is enamored will say that being with their lover is more beloved to them than their belief in the Oneness of their Lord… read more here.

Earning a living from photography and putting photos of beings with souls in homes

Question: When I read the Hadeeth cited in the book entitled “Al-Tawheed”, in the Chapter on the torment of image-makers, I found that their torment is very severe as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The people who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be those who emulate Allaah’s creation. Does this Hadeeth apply to today’s photographers who have studios? What is the ruling on people who keep photographs of themselves, their friends or relatives as mementos not for bringing blessings, and people who keep some useful magazines like “Al-`Arabee” to benefit from their sciences and knowledge, not for the photographs?

Answer: The committee believes that taking photographs of living beings is not permissible according to the authentic evidence reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) like the Hadeeth mentioned by the questioner… read more here.

Cursing both photographer and the one whose photo is taken

Question: Does the curse upon photographers include photographed people? Is there any specific evidence that denotes the curse upon photographed people? 

Answer: The basic rule states the prohibition of Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of living beings according to the evidences reported on this topic. But, if the objects containing the pictures are given menial value or torn, it is permissible to use such objects like carpets and the like… read more here.

China decorated with pictures and used only when necessary

Question: What is the ruling on using china decorated with pictures? It should be noted that it is used only when necessary.

Answer: The basic rule states the prohibition of Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of living beings according to the evidences reported on this topic. But, if the objects containing the pictures are given menial value or torn, it is permissible to use such objects like carpets and the like… read more here.

Ruling on taking photographs of beings with souls

Question: We started issuing a magazine for Muslim children entitled “Arwaa”, a copy of which is attached to this letter. However, a reliable and trustworthy shaykh objected to the use of images in the magazine in spite of the fact that we avoided making portraits of the Prophets (peace be upon them) and the Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them all). We send this letter asking for your Fatwaa in this regard and hoping that you send us an instant reply.

Answer: Portraying animate beings is absolutely prohibited even if they are not images of the Prophets (peace be upon them) or the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them all). Taking these images as an element of excitement and illustration does not justify their permissibility… read more here.

Tasweer of beings with souls

Question: Is Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of beings with a soul considered an act of major Kufr (disbelief that takes the Muslim out of Islaam) or minor Kufr (Lit. Minor disbelief; any act that Sharee`ah has called Kufr, but does not take the Muslim out of Islaam) or a sin?

Answer: Tasweer of beings with a soul is not an act of major Kufr. It is, however, one of the major sins due to the severe warning and curse pronounced against Musawwiroon (those who make pictures and statues, or photographs of beings with a soul)… read more here.

Drawing beings with souls

Question: Is it permissible to draw living beings on a tablecloth, dishes, carpets, and similar things?

Answer: It is unlawful to make Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of living beings on tablecloth, dishes, carpets, etc… read more here.

Televised images and Videotapes

Question: I have read your opinion on the prohibition of image making and I have a question in this regard. What is the ruling on the present televised images of moving objects which we watch on TV and videotapes and which can be kept for quite a long period of time?

Answer: The ruling on photographs is general and includes the kinds you mentioned in the question… read more here.

Misconceptions about the unlawfulness of photography

Question: Suspicions are raised about the unlawfulness of photography. May Your Eminence give a detailed response to the following claims:

1- It is claimed that photography is not an imitation of Allaah’s Creation. Rather, it is the reflection of a person’s shadow on a film. Man has nothing to do with shaping the picture.

2- Photography is likened to a mirror, which reflects the visual image of a person looking at it. Would it also be unlawful if the image reflected in the mirror is fixed?

3- It is claimed that whoever permits watching television, in a case where it broadcasts nothing unlawful, should permit photography as well. This is because television is the transmission of visual images moved quickly to give the viewers the illusion that they are really moving.

4- It is claimed that if photography is prohibited, then taking photos for essential reasons, such as issuing a passport necessary for the residents of Egypt, for example, or to perform Hajj, will also be prohibited. This is because Hajj is not to be sought by unlawful means, that is, a person can not commit theft to perform Hajj, neither can he be, accordingly, photographed to perform Hajj or to issue an identification card, or for other necessary reasons.

Answer: According to the Committee, it is impermissible to photograph soul-possessing creatures because of the authentic evidence reported from Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) regarding this matter. These pieces of evidence are general and applicable to those who earn a living by photography and those who do not. In addition, it is impermissible to fashion soul-possessing creatures whether by hand, by devices in studios or by any other equipment… read more here.

Ruling on photography

Question: Is photography Haraam (prohibited) or not?

Answer: Yes, photographing soul-possessing creatures and the like is Haraam. Whoever does this should repent to Allaah, seek His forgiveness, regret what they are doing and never do it again… read more here.

Photography and buying magazines that include pictures

Question: We have disputed over the issue of photography which you did not mention in your letter. Does it fall under the same ruling of portraying or not? Some (scholars) have argued that it is permissible, for it is not drawing but nothing more than imaging the figure of a person without exerting any effort other than pressing the button (of the camera) to bring out a photograph identical to the figure being photographed. Some of my friends showed me a photograph of Your Eminence in the Kuwaiti magazine of “Al-Mujtamah`” and the Egyptian magazine of “Al-I`tisaam.” It was published with your Fatwa regarding the rulings of Sawm (Fast) during the blessed month of Ramadan. Is displaying your photograph in the magazine a proof of the permissibility of photography or was it taken without your knowledge?

Moreover, if photography is not permissible, then what is the Islamic ruling on buying the newspapers and magazines replete with pictures, although they contain important news and other useful and useless information? Please advise us in this regard.

Is it permissible to put these magazines in Al-Musallah (place for prayer) even if they are covered by a cloth or suchlike? Or should they be destroyed after reading them? What is the ruling on watching moving images on television? Is it permissible to turn on the television in Al-Musallah?

Please enlighten us in these regards, may Allaah enlighten you.

Answer: Firstly, photography falls under the forbidden types of image making, for its ruling is the same as portraying, making images on cloths with color paints and statue making. The difference in the means and tools of making images does not entail having a different ruling… read more here.

Three-dimensional, photographic, painted, or sculptured forms of beings with souls

Question: We know that the Messenger (peace be upon him) cursed Al-Musawwiroon but who are Al-Musawwiroon? Are they the idol-makers, the photographers, or the painters? Do paintings of natural scenery fall under the prohibited category?

Answer: Figuration of living beings is unlawful whether it is in three-dimensional, photographic, manual, or sculptural form, due to the generality of the evidence on the prohibition of Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography)… read more here.

Taking photographs of beings with souls using cameras or the like

Question: Is photographing or video filming permissible? Is it permissible to watch television, especially for the news?

Answer: It is not permissible to take photographs of animate beings using cameras or other means of photographing machines, or to keep pictures of animate beings, except for necessity, such as photographs used in identification documents or passports… read more here.

Taking photographs of humans and other beings

Question: I live abroad and want to send my photograph to my friends, family, and especially my wife. Is this permissible?

Answer: According to some Saheeh Ahaadeeth (Ahaadeeth that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) of the Prophet (peace be upon him), it is prohibited to take photographs of animate beings, be they humans or animals… read more here.

Photography in Islaam

Question: What is the ruling on Photography in Islaam?

Answer: The basis is that taking pictures of anything that has a soul such as humans and animals is forbidden whether the image is stereoscopic, drawn on paper, cloth, walls, or otherwise because of the following:

1- The prohibition of taking pictures is related in the authentic Ahaadeeth where the doer is threatened with severe punishment… read more here.

Photography and keeping photographs

Question: A debate arose between some brothers on photography and keeping photographs and the conclusion is still undetermined. So what is the ruling on photography and keeping photographs?

Answer: Taking photographs of living beings, be they humans or animals, and keeping these photos, is unlawful. In fact, it is one of the major sins, for there are authentically reported Hadeeths about the terrible threat and severe torment that will befall photographers and those who keep photographs, also because taking photographs is similar to imitating Allaah in creating living beings and may be a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) like honoring the photographs of great figures and righteous people, or a means for temptation like photographs of beautiful women, actors, actresses, and semi-naked women… read more here.

Taking photographs of beings with a soul

Question: I am the headmaster of one of the primary schools in the south of Shimran. My supervisor asked me to bring photographs of students who will be going on a journey prepared by the school and the Scouts.He also asked me to bring other photographs in order to display them in the school. We know that angels do not enter houses that have pictures. I am responsible for this work so I ask other people to take these photos and I pay them from the money I receive from my supervisor for this purpose. I do not take photographs myself. Whom does the sin fall upon in this regard?

Answer: There is no doubt that taking photographs of living creatures is prohibited and one of the major sins. A grievous punishment was dedicated for doing so in the texts of the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet)… read more here.

Photographs taken for necessity or for decorative purposes

Question: What is the ruling on Photographs taken for necessities or for decorative purposes?

Answer: Taking photographs of animate beings is Haraam (prohibited), except for a necessity, such as photographs taken for identification cards or for passports, or taking photographs of criminals to facilitate arresting them in case they commit crimes and run away, as well as other cases of necessity… read more here.

Being pessimistic about months, days, birds and the like

Question: Some beliefs say that people should not marry or get circumcised in Safar. We would like you to guide us to the truth in this regard, according to Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). May Allaah protect you.

Answer: What is mentioned with regard to avoiding marriage or circumcision during Safar is a type of pessimism. Being pessimistic about months, days, birds, and other animals is not permissible… read more here.

Authenticity of Hadeeth: “Run from the leper as you would run away from a lion.”

Question: Dear Shaykh, kindly confirm the degree of authenticity or weakness of the Hadeeth reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) which states, Run away from the leper as you would run away from a lion.

Answer: This is a part of a Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) which reads, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: There is no ‘Adwa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allaah), nor is there any Tiyaarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah (pre-Islaamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jaahiliyyah), and run away from the leper as you would run away from a lion.” Related by Al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth, Kitaab Al-Tibb (Book of Medicine), under the chapter of “Leprosy”… read more here.

Is chemistry different from alchemy?

Question: I have read in some books that Al-Kimya’ i.e. chemistry; is a type of magic. Is this right? I also heard about a book written by Ibn Al-Qayyim, entitled: Butlan Al-Kimya’ Min Arba`ina Wajhan. I wonder whether it is unlawful to conduct experiments at schools and universities to study the elements and materials since chemistry is said to be a type of magic. I have conducted some experiments at school and found no aspect of magic therein unlike the intervention of Jinn (creatures created from fire), use of talisman, etc. Please advice.

Answer: The science of chemistry taught to students at schools is totally different to the alchemy that is regarded as an unlawful practice by scholars. They consider alchemy a type of magic, warn people against, and cite religious evidence in support of its invalidity… read more here.

Testing the earth with modern equipment and instruments

Question: In light of the spread of the phenomenon of ground water prospecting and well digging in primitive ways relying on what they call “Al-Murzim” or “Al-Mosmi`” i.e. Those who reveal the existence of wells in a particular place. If Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` finds a good environment, they do not ascribe the knowledge of underground water passages to themselves but refer the matter to Allaah’s knowledge. If they find another environment, they indicate the underground streams of water, its paths, and colors of the earth layers which the digger will encounter and such like Ghayb (the Unseen) matters, which cannot be assigned to proficiency and experience. People are often fascinated by their sayings when they come true. Furthermore, I do not know anyone who does not rely on the statements of Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` and their like. Indeed, this belief is firm in the hearts of the people and even in the minds of many intellectuals. Although soothsaying and fortunetelling have been rejected in the creedal books, many continue to believe that the prohibition does not apply to Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` as they call them.

Therefore, we hope that Your Eminence will advise, guide, and clarify the ruling on this question with reference to those who die on this belief. Finally, what are the ways we can use other than Al-Musmi` or Al-Murzim and their likes?

Answer: If testing the earth is intended for discovering what is hidden in its depths by modern equipment and instruments based on experiments conducted on the layers of the earth and previous experience, it is not a part of soothsaying or knowledge of Ghayb, but it is a part of knowing the causes just as doctors diagnose the type of disease through modern medical equipment. Such cases are approved because they are in conformity with the laws of causality that Allaah places in the universe… read more here.

Talking to the dead

Question: I read in some of the books written by Shaykh Al-Islaam about talking to the dead. He said that it is Satan who comes out of the grave and talks to those who have come to him, and some other related things. Does the story of Mutarrif, which was mentioned by Ibn Al-Qayyim, belong to this category? Is there a limit for talking to the dead, if in fact it is Shaytaan who responds?

Answer: The souls of the dead approaching their graves on Thursday night or Friday morning, recognizing those who visit or pass them and greet them more clearly than other times, and meeting of the living with the dead on this day are all matters that belong to the Ghayb (Unseen), which is known exclusively by Allaah and therefore can only be known about through a revelation from Him to one of his prophets… read more here.

Using jinn and conjuring them by means of supplications and charms

Question: What is the phenomenon of conjuration, which is belief in the possibility of conjuring the spirit of a dead person through a medium? What is the attitude of Islaam toward this phenomenon? Is it a true phenomenon? Please support your answer with Aayaat, Hadeeths or authentic narrations.

Answer: This phenomenon is the known practice of using a Jinnee (creature created from fire) and conjuring it by means of invocations and charms practiced by a conjurer… read more here.

Going to charlatans for treatment

Question: My father is suffering from a chronic disease, we tried very hard to treat him but it was in vain. When doctors failed to treat him, the family resorted to some charlatans seeking a treatment. I refused and did not let them continue on this track, for I am sure that it is forbidden. I warned them that this is Haraam (prohibited), but they did not consider my warnings. They argued that I know nothing about the matter and that those charlatans are righteous people. They believe that this is religiously lawful. In fact, it was only when I was informed of the way they treat the patient that I became really against their acts. I know that their acts are baseless. Some of their ways are as follows:One of them asked my family to bring my father’s headdress. Thereupon, he described the disease of my father without examining him.

Another charlatan also says on seeing the patient: “O So and So! You have a good horoscope” exactly in this manner. A third one orders the family of the patient to slaughter a black sheep, collect some of its hooves or horns then put them inside the slain sheep and place it in an isolated area where no one can see or reach it. The charlatan also stipulates that the slaughtered animal should be kept out of sight, claiming that the influence of the treatment will be ineffective if anyone sees the slaughtered animal specified for treatment.

There are many other acts that some people believe. Therefore, I am sending my question hoping that you will clarify the ruling on this matter. I hope that Allaah, the Most High, the All-Powerful renders us from those who hear the word (Good advice) and follow the best thereof. And Allaah is the grantor of success.

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to go to charlatans for treatment. The ways of treatment you mentioned are charlatanic and superstitious. Their only aim is to unjustly seize people’s money… read more here.

Sufi Tariqahs and charlatanism

Question: There are many followers of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) these days who perform questionable acts, such as hitting the sick with Al-Shish (a thin iron stick) to cure them, eating glass, and piercing themselves with daggers. What is the legal ruling on these acts, bearing in mind that they claim to be Allaah’s Awliyaa’ (pious people) and consider such acts as Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed by a pious people)?

Answer: These acts are charlatanry or magic, and are used as means to deceive people; they are therefore Haram (prohibited)… read more here.

Consulting charlatans and wearing amulets

Question: A Muslim Arab doctor visited frequently by many people to whom he says: “You should know that recovery is up to Allaah Alone and I am just a reason leading to recovery.” He prescribes permissible medicines to them and some leaves to be soaked in water then drunk or an ointment to be applied. But I was against one of his prescriptions, as he told someone to put a piece of paper inside the skin of a donkey then to use it as an amulet to be protected from the affliction of Umm Al-Sibyaan (a female Jinnee ‘a creature created from fire’). What is your view on this? It should be noted that the piece of paper is hung only during the period of pregnancy then removed.

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to go to this man you mentioned because he is a charlatan… read more here.

The Awliyaa’ of Allaah and the Awliyaa’ of Shaytaan

Question: Among us are some members of a dervish order; one of them is a relative of ours. He is an illiterate man, not gifted by any agility or wit, but he drank a sip of water from the hands of the head of this order to be able to perform charlatan tricks and sorcery before the people. He can strike his stomach with every cutting weapon such as daggers, swords, pieces of wood, bullets, etc. He is neither a practicing Muslim, nor does he perform the obligatory acts of worship enjoined by Allaah such as Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fasting) and others.

Please clarify the opinion of Islaam regarding this matter. What is the secret of his ability to strike himself in this manner? Please reply in writing, as this phenomenon takes place in our country and in other Arab and Muslim countries as well.

Answer: Allaah sent Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the Final Messenger, on the authority of Qur’aanic texts and Ijmaa‘ (scholarly consensus), as Allaah says (what means)… read more here.

Video-playlist of Al-Fiqh Section (alifta Fatwas updating…)

Here you’re directed to the video-playlist of Al-Fiqh Section of our YouTube Channel. Videos will be automatically added to this Playlist. You’re directed to subscribe to our Channel for the follow-up of the Fataawaa of the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research & Issuing Fataawaa (اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء).

Al-Fiqh Section | YouTube Channel

Video-playlist of Al-`Aqeedah Section (alifta Fatwas updating…)

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Weather forecast: Only a guess based on the universal Laws of Allaah

Question: The meteorological observatories say that the weather during the coming twenty four hours is expected to be sunny, cloudy, or accompanied by thunder storms. It might rain here or there, and there will be southern or northern winds, and so on.

Answer: Predicting weather conditions or forecasting winds, storms, clouds, or rainfall in some places is based upon knowledge of the universal laws of Allaah… read more here.

Knowing the time of solar and lunar eclipses through the calculation of planetary movements

Question: We have read what was published by Al-Madeenah Newspaper, Issue No. 5402 in 4/1402 A.H. that there will be a full lunar eclipse next Saturday. It will start from 8:30 PM and the partial eclipse ends on Sunday at 12:38 PM. The moon comes out from the penumbra of the earth at 1:37 AM. The phenomenon happened exactly as the Newspaper mentioned.

Answer: The times of lunar and solar eclipses are known through calculation of the planet movements by which we can know whether it is full or partial… read more here.

Relying on the calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan

Question: 1: What is the ruling on relying on a calendar to determine the beginning of Ramadaan?

Q 2: If the calendar shows that Sha`baan is twenty nine days, then on the twenty-ninth of Sha`baan it gets cloudy and rain falls to a degree that we cannot sight the new moon of Ramadaan and we don’t hear anything about it, should people begin fasting or not?

Q 3: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: We are an unlettered Ummah ‘nation’; we do not write or calculate. What is meant by this Hadeeth?

Q 4: The Messenger of Allaah said that whoever believes what the soothsayer says is a disbeliever in what was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), and Shaykh Aboo Bakr Al-Jazaa’iree explained that the sorcerer is someone who foretells the unknown future. So what is the ruling on the calendar which determines the whole year, day by day?

Q 5: The Messenger said that we should complete the month of Sha`baan thirty days when we are unable to sight the new moon of Ramadaan. Should we follow that method or the calendar?

Q 6: What is the difference between the stars and the calendar as far as Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) is concerned?

Q 7: The Qur’aan forbids following Taghoot (false gods), then what is the ruling on the makers of calendars?

Answer: Firstly: The Council of Senior Scholars in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have previously discussed the question of sighting the new moon by means of calculations, and issued a decree, which reads the following: The Council of Senior Scholars considered the matter of depending upon calculations in sighting the new moon, and all the relevant evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet)… read more here.

Reconciling science and religion in issues that appear to be contradictory

Question: How can we reconcile Deen (religion) and science when it comes to issues that appear to be contradictory to one another? For example, we know through Deen that stars were created for three reasons: beautification of the sky, missiles aimed at devils, and guiding signs. But in geography we read that they are a set of celestial bodies that have a special system in their rotation and what we see blazing and falling at night are meteors and shooting stars that exit from a certain gravitation to the gravity of the earth. Therefore, they burn and fall. The falling speed of these shooting stars is 45 miles per second.

Answer: It is only Allaah, the All-Knower; the All-Wise, Who revealed the Glorious Qur’aan and the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He created the heavens and the earth and created everything and subdued it to achieve the purpose for which it was created. He knows the special characteristics and unknown things he gives to it. Therefore, there is no contradiction between what Allaah tells us or legislates and what He has created for His servants. All these things are compatible with each other. In other words, what Allaah says is compatible with scientific facts… read more here.

Speaking, supplicating, or whispering to stones

Question: What is the ransom that someone should offer if they happened to have talked to a stone when they were young and unaware of what is right or wrong? How could a stone hear people! What should they do after growing up and knowing the gravity of their actions? They hope for Allaah’s Forgiveness and Pardon and do not want to visit soothsayers and fortunetellers or prepare a meal for a stone that doesn’t even have a mouth to eat.

Answer: Speaking, making Du`aa’ (supplication), or whispering to a stone is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Also offering a sacrifice or food to a stone is an act of Shirk… read more here.

Do astrologers know the Ghayb?

Question: Can fortunetellers tell the truth? Are they capable of knowing anything of the Ghayb (unseen)? Can magic affect a person?

Answer: Fortunetellers do not know the Ghayb. In fact, fortunetelling primarily depends on guessing and lying. It is, thus, prohibited, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Prediction of natural phenomena based on the positions of celestial bodies

Question: What is the ruling on those who predict the future by the stars, for example, if someone says: “If this star is in this position, there will be heavy rain?”.

Answer: Making predictions according to the positions of stars, as explained in the question, is not permissible… read more here.

Confusion between two Ahaadeeth regarding soothsayer and fortuneteller

Question: How can we reconcile the following two Ahaadeeth:

1Whoever visits a fortuneteller (`Arraf), asks him about anything, and believes in their words, their Salaah (Prayer) shall not be accepted for forty days.(Related by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth)

2- Whoever visits a fortuneteller believing his saying has indeed disbelieved in the revelation sent down to Muhammad. (Related by Aboo Daawood)

Answer: There is no conflict between the two Ahaadeeth. As for the Hadeeth.read more here.

Consulting a person who claims knowledge of Ghayb

Question: On the eighth of Thul-Hijjah 1403 AH, I got married to my maternal cousin. On the first day of Ramadaan 1405 AH, Allah blessed me with a boy whom I called Moosaa. In Sha`baan, 1406 AH my wife miscarried a fetus after the third month.

In Rabee` Al-Awwal, 1407 AH, Allaah caused my son Moosaa to die. After my son Moosaa died, my maternal aunt, who is also my mother-in-law, came to me and said that she had gone to a man who has “knowledge of the book.” That man told my maternal aunt that a female devil is to be blamed for the death of my children, prompted by her envy and grudge of my wife. He further alleged that he could get rid of this female devil.

I did not listen to what she said. Last year, on the third day of Sha`baan, 1407 AH, Allaah blessed me with a daughter whom I called Masturah, but Allaah caused her to die the day she was born. My maternal aunt came again and blamed me for not going to the man she had mentioned before. She, along with my father, insisted that I should go to him. I asked them to wait a little, so that perhaps Allaah would guide me to something better. Praise be to Allaah, I finally decided to write this letter to you, in the hope that Allaah will enable you to advise us on this matter, knowing that it is causing me constant anguish.

Answer: You have done well by refusing to go with your maternal aunt – your mother-in-law – to a man who claims to have “knowledge of the book,” because he is a sorcerer. You have also done well by asking the people of knowledge for the right answer..read more here.