Causing harm to others

Question: If one drives his enemy into madness and then that mad person commits an evil act and kills himself, or any other crime, who should be held accountable for these sins on the Day of Judgment? Is it the mad person, or his enemy who drove him mad, or the one who worked magic on him? Which of the three bears the sin? Given that the madman’s enemy did not drive him mad himself, but hired a sorcerer to drive him mad.

Answer: Causing harm to others is forbidden; one who does so bears as much of sin as he has committed. It is also prohibited to hire a sorcerer to harm a person, and the work of that sorcerer is considered Kufr (disbelief), as Allaah says (what means)… read more here.

A woman going to see a male doctor

Question: I have been married to a woman for three years and she has not been able to give birth until now. I want her to be examined by a doctor, but there are no female doctors available; only male doctors. Is it permissible for her to be examined by a male doctor, knowing that she has refused such thing? Furthermore, my wife is now living with her family due to some family problems and they will not let her come back to me except if I dealt with them aggressively. They are harsh and impious, and wish to separate us against our will. If I file a lawsuit against them, they will force my wife to ask for divorce.

Kindly give me your opinion in this regard. Some people advise me to go to sorcerers, and I know that going to and believing sorcerers is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). I am really at a loss and do not know whether to go to sorcerers or not. Kindly guide me to the right decision. May Allaah guide you!

Answer: Firstly, it is permissible for your wife to be examined by a specialized male doctor to know the reasons behind the delay of pregnancy when specialized female doctors are lacking, provided that there is no Khulwah (being alone with a member of the opposite sex) between her and the doctor… read more here.

A sorcerer using something against Islaam

Question: A woman was bewitched by a sorcerer to marry a specific man. Later, the bewitched woman became insane and the sorcerer was arrested by the civil court officials. He confessed to the crime when asked. What is the prescribed penalty for him?

Answer: When a sorcerer uses something that is against Islaam, he should be sentenced to death for Riddah (apostasy). If it is confirmed that he killed a person by sorcery, he should be killed in retaliation… read more here.

Learning Sihr (witchcraft)

Question: I heard someone saying: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Learn Sihr (witchcraft), but do not practice it.” Is this a Hadeeth Saheeh (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish)?

Answer: To the best of my knowledge, this is a Hadeeth Mawdoo` (fabricated Hadeeth) that has not been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Hadeeth: “Learn Sihr (witchcraft), but do not practice it.”

Question: What is the meaning of “Learn Sihr (witchcraft), but do not practice it,” because some people say it is a weak Hadeeth?

Answer: It is illegal to learn Sihr whether to use it or protect yourself by it. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) mentions in the Qur’aan that learning it is an act of Kufr (disbelief)… read more here.

Death and life predestined by Allaah

Question: Some Yemeni tribes believe that if an elderly lady who is stricken in years looks at any young man or woman, or even a male or female child, she will capture their soul, and if she wills, she can bring them back to life. Is this belief based on any evidence from the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him), or any of the Messenger’s Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet)? Moreover, any lady accused of this will be cast out by her children or providers and will be left in the open under the scorching sun. There is a man who is said to find out if an elderly lady is really a “soul taker” or just a normal lady. Kindly answer our question. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: We know no solid proof concerning the two kinds of men and women mentioned above from the sanctified Sharee`ah; it is not permissible even to think of the existence of such things… read more here.

Difference between Sihr (witchcraft) and ‘Ayn (the evil eye)

Question: What is the difference between Sihr (witchcraft) and ‘Ayn (the evil eye)?Is the evil eye something real from the perspective of religion and does it have a legal ruling on it? What is the remedy for both the envier and the envied if the evil eye has a real effect?

Answer: In the linguistic sense the word Sihr means: What is hidden and its means are secret. In the terminological sense, Sihr is the practice of using charms and spells, some of which afflict hearts and bodies causing the person to fall ill, sometimes to die, or cause separation between man and his wife… read more here.

Is Sihr (witchcraft) lawful?

Question: Is Sihr (witchcraft) lawful? Take into consideration that most of the Guadeloupe Island population where I live, believe in it. For example, a girl will take a part of the clothing of a young man she loves and gives it to a sorcerer who casts a spell and makes the young man fall in love with her. A good sorcerer may prevent you from gambling or smoking, is this true? Can a sorcerer do these things?

Answer: Sihr is anything including practicing things with fine, abstruse, and causeless characters. There are different types. The ruling on approaching it differs according to the difference of types. Likewise, it differs according to its existence in reality. For example, Sihr applies to eloquence and articulacy… read more here.

Obedience to parents while disobeying Allaah

Question: A young lady wants to wear Niqaab (face veil), knowing that it is Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text), but her parents refuse and tell her that her obedience to them is also a Fard that takes precedence over wearing Niqaab. Are the parents right? Does this mean that she should abandon wearing Niqaab? How could this be in accordance with the Messenger’s saying, Anyone who turns away from my Sunnah is not one of my (followers). Moreover, even though Niqaab is Waajib (obligatory, based on a speculative text), it is known that Fard is the same as Waajib according to the Four Schools of Jurisprudence, except for that of Imaam Maalik who maintained that Waajib comes in intermediate status between Fard and Nafilah (supererogatory).

Kindly give us your Fatwaa in this regard. If wearing Niqaab is Fard, how can this girl abide by that obligation, while her father threatens to pull her Niqaab off in public if he sees her wearing it. He takes this attitude because he thinks that wearing Niqaab will jeopardize the girl’s brothers.

Answer: It should be known that obedience to parents is obligatory provided that what they request is reasonable and approved by the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). If obedience to parents leads to committing sins, then there should be no obedience to them… read more here.

Ruling on a father who breaks all contact with his daughter due to her wearing Hijaab

Question: What is the ruling on a father who breaks all contact with his daughter due to her wearing Hijaab (veil)?

Answer: If the case is as mentioned, her father’s reaction is not her fault and will not harm her. He should not do this as she is obeying Allaah. Thus, she must not obey him in this regard, because her act of wearing Hijaab is an act of obedience to Allaah… read more here.

Believing in Al-Shaadhiliyyah order

Question: There is a Sufi order called “Al-Shaadhiliyyah”. Its members do not perform Salaah (prayer), nor Sawm (fasting), nor pay Zakaah (obligatory charity). They have a person whom they call “Sayyidunaa” (our master) and regard him as their lord who will secure them in the Hereafter and forgive them everything which they have committed in their worldly life. These people gather on Mondays and Fridays mornings and on Thursdays and Sundays evenings. My father forces me to follow this order and gets angry when he sees me praying or fasting. He often says to me, “Sayyidunaa (our master) will forgive us everything and will protect us from the torment of Hellfire and we will definitely be of the people of Paradise.” Of course this is a false belief, because he is a human just like them. What should I do? Please guide me! I believe that Allaah is my Lord, Muhammad is Allaah’s Prophet and Messenger, Islaam is my religion and I observe its Five Pillars. If I obey my father I will disobey my Creator Who (Exalted be He) says in the Qur’aan (regarding parents what means): …say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them If I disobey my father, he becomes angry with me all the time and keeps fighting with me to make me follow this order. It should be noted that I cannot afford my own living expenses and I receive no support from my family except from my mother.

Please guide me to what I should do to please my Lord and avoid the anger of my father who does not believe in Salaah and Sawm, or more correctly the religion of Islaam.

Answer: If the situation is as you have mentioned and your father and the followers of this order do not perform Salaah and believe that their so-called master or shaykh is their lord who guarantees them Paradise and forgives them all their sins, they are disbelievers… read more here.

No obedience in matters involving disobedience to Allaah

Question: Is it permissible for a true believer to commit some minor sins to please a ruler or some people, or does he have to strictly follow the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him)?

Answer: A believer should abandon such sins, and follow the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him). This is an established fact. They should neither obey the ruler nor anyone else in what leads to the disobedience of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)… read more here.

Lying to and deceiving the ruler

Question: The governmental system does not allow government employees to open a shop of their own. Is it permissible to open a shop under the name of another person, who is unemployed by the government, and run this shop with a power of attorney that gives me the right to all the business transactions and to bear its profit and loss? Is this permissible?

Answer: If that is the status quo (in your country), then you are not allowed to do that, because it involves lying to and deceiving the authorities, and using trickery to violate the regulations which they set to maintain the flow of governmental work, which was entrusted to you to serve the nation, and guard public interest against self-interest… read more here.

Taking money to break the law

Question: The current laws in Egypt allow pharmacists to own only two pharmacies. Some pharmacists are not satisfied with this, because they would like to expand their business. Pharmacists wishing to own three or four pharmacies do so by breaching pharmacy licensing law. They agree with other pharmacists who do not own a pharmacy, or have only one, to allow them to use their names in order to open a third. In return, they pay them a sum of money every month or every year. What is the ruling on this agreement and this money? Is this perjury or a form of cooperation for relieving the hardships that people face and an escape from the restrictions of positive (man-made) laws? Please advise us!

Answer: The mentioned agreement is not permissible because it involves lying, forging, cheating authorities, and violation of regulations set for the public interest and does not contradict Sharee‘ah.read more here.

Shaving the beard and being unable to perform some Salaat during military service

Question: Is it permissible to join an activity that requires shaving one’s beard, being unable to perform some of the prescribed Salaat (Prayers) at their due times, or obeying military orders to do what Allaah has forbidden?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to indulge in something that entails all these forbidden acts or even some of them; for this leads to disobedience to Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon him)..read more here.

Tawassul through the Prophet using a passive voice

Question: Will you please explain the aforementioned comment of Shaykh Al-Islaam. Was his comment based on the fact that the Hadeeth was authentically reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad (may Allaah be pleased with him) or due to the fact that the passive voice is used to imply its weakness, as is evident from the wording?

Answer: We explained the meaning in our answer to the third question. As for what was reported on the authority of Imaam Ahmad... read more here.

Tawassul by the rights of prophets and Awliyaa’ and through their honor

Question: Would you please give us your opinion on the letter sent by Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman to Shaykh `Alee ibn `Abd-Allaah ibn `Eesaa in which he refutes the claim of those who say that it is permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means), such as by the rights of prophets and pious people and to ask their help. He stated that Shaykh Al-Islaam said that he knew no opinion permitting it, and that it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam, due to the evaluation of the authenticity of the Hadeeth.

Answer: Shaykh Sulaymaan ibn Sahman quoted that Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “I know no juristic opinion permitting it and it is also not permissible to swear by our Prophet (peace be upon him), contrary to what was mentioned by Al-`Iz ibn `Abdul-Salaam read more here.

Swearing by other than Allaah

Question: What is your opinion regarding what Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah (Shaykh Al-Islaam) says in his book “Iqtidaa’ Al-Siraat Al-Mustaqeem”, “There is no disagreement among scholars except in respect to taking oaths by the Prophet (peace be upon him).” There are two juristic opinions cited from the Math-hab (School of Jurisprudence) of Imaam Ahmad. It is related that Imaam Ahmad said about the issue of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by means) through the Prophet in Al-Maruthee’s book, “Mansak” that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is valid. However, the sound view states that taking an oath by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is invalid, and thus ineffective.

Imaam Ahmad also says in “Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa” that if we do not ask Allaah by means of supplicating to them (prophets and righteous men) nor by means of our deeds, but by virtue of their personalities, that will not be a reason for answering our supplications. Therefore, we are performing Tawassul through a fruitless means. That is why we find no authentic report from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or even a narration transmitted from the Salaf (righteous predecessors) in support of this practice. However, in “Mansak”, Al-Maruthee related from Imaam Ahmad one supplication including Tawassul by the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Answer: What is reported by Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah be merciful to him) from the leading jurists in his two books on the topic is variance in wording while bearing the same meaning… read more here.

Tawassul through prophets and righteous people

Question: Please clarify to us the difference between a believer and a Mushrik (one who associates others in worship with Allaah) keeping into account that there are some people who perform Salaah (prayer), Sawm (fasting), Hajj and all good deeds, but they make Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by prophets and righteous people. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: If a Muslim practices an act of Kufr (disbelief), such as invoking the dead to cure the sick, enlarge the provision or grant offspring, they will be out of the pale of Islaam. All their deeds of Salaah, Sawm and the like will be in vain if they die on this status. But if a believer commits a misdeed that is not tantamount to Kufr, like robbery or dealing in Ribaa (usury), their affair will be left to Allaah, if He wills, He may forgive them and if He wills, He may punish them… read more here.

Reading a book that includes Tawassul through the Prophet and asking for his intercession

Question: What is the ruling on reading the book entitled “Dalaa’il Al-Khayrat” by Imaam Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan Al-Jazoolee which contains daily Awrad (oft-recited invocations) that include beseeching and seeking to approach Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and begging him for his Shafaa‘ah (intercession), such as saying, “O Muhammad! O our beloved! We are beseeching your Lord in your name, so please intercede for us with the Great Lord” and also, “O Allaah! We seek by his virtue his intercession for us with You; for he is the most eminent intercessor with You. We adjure You by him, as he is the greatest one to adjure You by his right. We seek to draw close to You through him, as he is the nearest means to You, descendant of the most noble origin.”

Answer: If this book includes Tawassul by means of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his intercession with Allah to have one’s requests granted, it is impermissible for you to read it, as Allaah says (what means): Say: “To Allaah belongs all intercession.” (Soorah Al-Zumar, 39: 44)… read more here.

Tawassul through the blessing of the Qur’aan or some creatures

Question: What is the ruling on a person who speaks words like, “In the name of or by the blessing of the Prophet, the shaykh, or the Qur’aan?” Is that person considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) or not?

Answer: First, Tawassul (beseeching Allaah in the name of or by) the blessing of the Qur’aan is permissible and not considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through the Qur’aan and certain days

Question: Some scholars say that Tawassul (beseeching or seeking to draw close to Allaah) is a matter related to Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence) and not to ‘Aqeedah (creed). Is this true?

Answer: In making Du‘aa’ (supplication), to seek to draw close to Allaah and beseech Him (Tawassul) in the name of the honor of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), or his person, or his status, is impermissible because it is a means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through the Qur’aan and certain days

Question: Can a person make Tawassul (beseech Allaah in the name of or by) through the Qur’aan and Islaamic sacred days, such as saying, “O Allaah! I ask you by the virtue of the Day of ‘Arafah” and so on?

Answer: It is permissible to make Tawassul by the Qur’aan, because it is the Speech of Allaah in word and meaning, and His Speech is one of His Attributes, so it is considered as beseeching Allaah by one of His Attributes, which does not contradict Tawheed (monotheism) or is a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Tawassul through creatures

Question: One Friday, the Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) who belongs to a Sufi order delivered the Khutbah (sermon), saying: “We should not say that Allaah is above us, below us, to our left, or to our right.” He, further, called people to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through Allaah’s creatures, like the Prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people). He learns the Qur’aan from people who do not perform the obligations enjoined by Allaah, destroying families, and shouting at people walking in the streets and beating them; and yet he calls them Awliyaa’. Do these claims represent the ideology of the unity of the universe, immanentism and other many Bid`ahs (rejected innovations in religion)? Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind such an Imaam or even behind his Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer)? If not, is it permissible to offer the five obligatory daily Salaahs (Prayers) at home? Is it permissible to offer the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer in another Masjid?

Answer: Firstly, according to conclusive evidence, Allaah is above all of His Creation. He has risen over the Throne in a way that suits His Eminence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Tawassul through the Messenger and Awliyaa’

Question: A dispute arose between a person and me. This person has memorized the Qur’aan and has already performed Hajj to the Sacred House of Allaah. The debate went as follows: I said: Making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by the status of the Prophet and pious people is permissible as I have read in the book titled: “Al-Fawz wa Al-Najah fee Al-Hijrah ilaa Allaah”. He replied: It is impermissible to make Tawassul by any creature because Allaah says: And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). Allaah doesn’t need a mediator of any kind. Whoever makes Tawassul by Prophets or pious people is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). He also repeated, “God forbid!”, many times in Moroccan dialect “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings upon him.” Is it Riddah (apostasy) to utter such words or not? What about the formula of beseeching Allaah’s help by means of the Messenger or the Prophet as I have mentioned, is it lawful?

Answer: The case of the man you mentioned who rebukes people who seek help from the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death or make Tawassul by his status saying: “what can Muhammad give you; we are the ones who help him by invoking blessings on him”, is extremely indecent and improper for a Muslim to say… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet’s honor or parents’ pleasure upon rising from one’s seat

Question: Some common people, upon rising from their seat, would prop themselves up on their hands and invoke, “Ya Jaah Al-Nabee” or “Ya Jaah Al-Rasool” (In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor, merit, virtue, status, etc.) , or “In the name of pleasing parents”. Scholars say that whoever utters such words is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), because he is placing an intermediary between Allaah and himself. They base their view on the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), saying, “If you ask, ask Allaah; and if you seek help, seek it from Allaah…”

Answer: Calling, “In the name of the Prophet’s or the Messenger’s honor and status” or “In the name of pleasing parents” when standing up, is a form of supplicating the Prophet or one’s parents for assistance, which is an act of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), we seek refuge in Allaah… read more here.

Tawassul through the entities, honor, or right of creatures

Question: Beseeching Allaah (Tawassul) by virtue of one of His creatures. This is a confusing issue for the Ummah (nation), but most of the scholars approved it, including Imaam Ahmad, the Imaam of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah), Ibn Qudaamah, Al-Nawawee, Al-Shawkaanee, Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaaanee ,Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab and many other scholars. Did Shaykh Muhammad support this or not? Where does the truth lie regarding this issue with certified evidence to refute the claim that no one condemned this except Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Albaanee; the only two scholars who prohibited Tawassul in the name of any of His creatures.

Answer: Beseeching in the name of a person, virtue, status or right of creatures, whether they are prophets or righteous people is a subject of controversy among the scholars. The scholarly opinion of the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is prohibition, which is the opinion held by the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab... read more here.

Believing in Awliyaa’ as a means of healing from illnesses and holding annual Mawlids for them

Question: What are the rulings on the following: Using the Awliyaa’ (pious people) as a means of healing from illnesses, visiting graves, vowing to make sacrifices to the dead, and holding annual Mawlids (celebrations of the birth days) for the Awliyaa’?

Answer: It is forbidden to regard a Walee (pious person) as a means of healing from illnesses by saying, for example, “O Allaah! Cure my patient by the honor of so-and-so the Walee.” This is because it isa means that can lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and an innovated form of Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) that has no origin in the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Visiting the graves to supplicate to the dead or ask for their help or intercession

Question: I found contradictory and controversial Hadeeth in the book: “Shifaa’ Al-Siqam fee Ziyarat Khayr Al-Anam” by Shaykh Taqee Al-Deen Al-Subkee Al-Shaafi`ee, in the chapter on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through the Prophet (peace be upon him) and seeking his help and intercession, specifically between pages 160 and 178. Please advise us about this book, especially the chapter on Tawassul.

Answer: Visiting graves is a Sunnah (commendable act) as the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged it and frequently visited them himself. It is done to gain warnings and lessons, to remember death, and to supplicate to Allaah to forgive and have mercy upon the dead Muslims… read more here.

Tawassul through prophets and Awliyaa’

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling on Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) through prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people)?

Answer: Tawassul through prophets and Awliyaa’ is a general term that includes many forms, each of which has its own ruling.

To clarify: Firstly: Asking a prophet or a Walee (pious person) while they are alive and present to supplicate to Allaah is permissible… read more here.

Tawassul to Allaah by the honor, sanctity or blessings of the Prophet or another person

Question: What is the ruling on a Muslim who testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but says in their Du`aa’ (supplication), “O Allaah! Grant me such-and-such from the good of this world and the Hereafter by the honor of the Prophet (peace be upon him),” “By the blessings of the Messenger,” “By the sanctity of Al-Mustafaa (the chosen one i.e. the Prophet),” “By the honor of Shaykh Teejaanee,” “By the blessings of Shaykh `Abdul-Qaadir,” or “By sanctity of Shaykh Al-Saanoosee”?

Answer: It is not permissible to perform Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) to Allaah by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or by the honor, sanctity, or blessings of any pious people… read more here.

Tawassul through the Awliyaa’

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to make Tawassul (supplicate to Allaah through a means) by virtue of the status of the prophets and the righteous people? I came across some opinions of scholars that Tawassul through the Awliyaa’ (pious people) is permissible, for Du`aa’ (supplication) in this case is offered to Allaah. However, other scholars said otherwise. What is the Sharee`ah ruling on this matter?

Answer: A Walee (pious person) is someone who believes in Allaah, abides by His obligations and refrains from His prohibitions; the Messengers and the Prophets (peace be upon them) achieved the highest grade in this respect. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The etiquette the Messenger followed when visiting graves

Question: There is a grave in our village which is said to belong to one of the righteous people. A house was built over this grave and there are two people appointed to take care of it. These people inherited this mission from their fathers. They tell people: “This night, the dweller of this grave said so and so and asked for so and so. They have attracted people’s hearts that live beside the grave. People believe everything that is said by these two people. Therefore, people make Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the grave, sacrifice animals for its sake, etc. What is the ruling on a person who thinks that this Walee (pious person) brings benefit or causes harm? Is it permissible to vow or sacrifice for the sake of this Walee? What should someone do if they know that these things contradict Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) especially if they live with these people?

Answer: The guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in visiting the graves is clear in Saheeh Hadeeths (Hadeeths that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish)… read more here.

Aboo Taalib Ibn `Abdul-Muttalib Ibn Haashim dying as a Kaafir

Question: Did Aboo Taalib die as a believer or a disbeliever?

Answer: Aboo Taalib ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib ibn Haashim died as a disbeliever, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says to His Messenger (peace be upon him) concerning Aboo Taalib (what means)… read more here.

Aboo Taalib as the person receiving the least punishment on the Day of Resurrection

Question: Some Hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim say that Aboo Taalib will be the least punished person on the Day of Resurrection. There are also other Hadeeth that say that the members of the Prophet’s family, who did not believe in him, will be in Hellfire, and others that say that the Prophet’s father will be in Hellfire. Would you please explain whether this means that they will abide eternally in Hellfire?

Answer: Aboo Taalib is the person who will receive the least punishment on the Day of Resurrection, due to the Prophet’s intercession for him for this. Thus, Allaah will reduce his punishment due to the Prophet’s intercession, as recorded in a Hadeeth by Muslim, on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them) stating that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Seeing the Prophet in wakefulness

Question: It is related in the Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth of Al-Bukhaaree on the authority of Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever sees me in his dream will see me in wakefulness, for Satan cannot take my form. Does this mean that a person may actually see the Prophet? A hot dispute was raised among people on this topic. Some claimed that they see the Prophet (peace be upon him) in wakefulness and mentioned the previous Hadeeth.

Answer: Allaah decreed to create people from nothing to test them as to who among them will do good. Then, He causes them to die when their lifetimes are over, then He will resurrect them on the Day of Resurrection for reckoning and retribution… read more here.

The Hadeeth: “Anyone who sees me in a dream will indeed see me in wakefulness…”

Question: What is the meaning of the Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Whoever sees me in a dream will indeed see me in wakefulness…” ?

Answer: The meaning of the Hadeeth is that whoever sees the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a dream as he really looked in life, his dream will come true and he will see the fulfillment of the tidings it referred to in his actual life… read more here.

Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes in the fundamental articles of faith – meaning that his creed is completely conforming with the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace be upon him), yet he thinks that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) hears his voice when he invokes Allaah’s peace and blessings upon him at his grave? Is he regarded, while holding such a belief, a Muslim who follows the way of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) or is he an innovator in religion from among those people who follow their own whims and fancies?

Answer: First, It is not legislated in Islaam that whenever a Muslim enters Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque) to visit the Prophet’s grave and make Du‘aa’ (supplication to Allaah) near it, nor to make it an often-visited place, to which he comes repeatedly… read more here.

The dead hearing the Prophet’s call

Question: Was the Prophet (peace be upon him) able to make the dead hear?

Answer: Hearing sounds is a faculty of the living. When a person dies, he can neither hear nor grasp the speech of the living. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. read more here.

Allaah revealed to the Prophet what He revealed to no other person

Question: Does our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) see anything from behind a screen?

Answer: Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a human being, just like all other humans… read more here.

Were the heavens and the earth created for the sake of Muhammad?

Question: Is it true that the heavens and the earth were created only for the sake of Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Answer: This is not true because Allaah (Exalted be He) created the jinn (creatures created from fire) and mankind for the sole purpose of worshipping Him alone, without associating any partners with Him. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Where is Allaah?

Question: How do I answer someone who asks where Allaah is?

Answer: You should say that He is over His Throne, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The formula of sending blessings on the Messenger when visiting his grave

Question: Among the common formulae of greeting the Prophet when visiting his grave are the following, “Al-Salaatu wa Al-Salaamu `alayka yaa rasool Allaah, i.e. Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah” and “Allaahumma salli `Alaa Muhammad wa `alaa aali Muhammad, i.e. O Allaah, invoke blessings upon Muhammad and his family,” which of them is better?

Also, does the Prophet (peace be upon him) look at a person who greets him at his grave? Is it true that the Prophet (peace be upon him) waved a hand out of his grave to greet one of his honorable Sahaabah (Companions) or the pious people in return for their greetings?

Answer: (A) To the best of my knowledge, no certain formula of greeting the Prophet has been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, both the formulae mentioned above are true… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seek his help in removing distress

Question: Is it an act of Shirk (Associating others in worship with Allaah) if someone calls and makes Du`aa’ (supplication) to the Prophet (peace be upon him) near his grave or far from it to fulfill their needs or seek his help when calamities and misfortunes afflict them?

Answer: If someone makes Du`aa’ to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death to fulfill their needs or seeks his help to remove distress, they are committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) which will take them outside the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Do the dead people hear the calls or supplications of living people?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) hear every call and supplication made at his grave? Does he hear us when we invoke blessings on him there, as it is narrated in the Hadeeth, “Whoever invokes Allaah’s blessings on me at my grave, I hear him…”? Is this Saheeh (authentic), Da‘eef (weak) or Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth?

Answer: Basically, the dead do not hear the calls or supplications of the living people, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. Nothing in the Qur’aan… read more here.

Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: Regarding the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), is he (peace be upon him) alive in his grave, in the worldly sense, with the return of his soul to his body, or is he alive in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) with no legal liabilities or obligations? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, during his final illness, “O Allaah! With the highest companions (i.e. The prophets in the highest part of Paradise).” Is his body as it was when it was placed in the grave, without a soul, and his soul is in the highest part of `Illiyyoon (a register inscribed, to which the angels bear witness) and it will join his body on the Day of Resurrection? Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And when the souls are joined with their bodies, (the good with the good and the bad with the bad).

Answer: Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is living in his grave the life of Al-Barzakh, so he is enjoying the blessings that Allaah has prepared for him as a reward for the wonderful deeds he performed in this world. But his soul has not joined his body to be alive in the grave as it was in this world, because life in the grave is not like the life of this world, or the life in the Hereafter; it is the life of Al-Barzakh, which comes between life in this world and life in the Hereafter… read more here.

Were the heavens and earth created for the Prophet’s sake?

Question: Can we say that Allaah created the heavens and the earth only to create the Prophet (peace be upon him)? What is the meaning of “If not for you, if not for you, He wouldn’t have created the orbits”? Is this saying a Hadeeth? If it is, is it authentic or not? Please tell us!

Answer: The heavens and the earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet (peace be upon him) but were created for the reasons which Allaah mentioned in the following Aayah… read more here.