Question: Many people here in Sudan swear by shaykhs and shrines. This may also happen inside the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) courts, because when the judge asks the defendant to swear on the Qur’aan, they, without hesitation, make a false oath. However, if the judge asks them to swear by a shrine, they abstain from swearing and confess their guilt, believing that swearing by the shrine can cause harm, because in their view shrines can cause harm or benefit. What is the ruling on this act and is it permissible for a judge to ask someone to swear by a shaykh or a shrine?
One of the scholars even gave us a Fatwaa that it is permissible to swear by a shrine instead of the Qur’aan. He argued that it is permissible to do so to restore the right of a wronged person if necessity called for it. To what degree is this Fatwaa correct?
We hope that you will explain this with evidence, and may Allaah reward you for your efforts in helping Muslims.
Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to swear by a shrine or a shaykh. It is also unlawful for a judge to ask someone to swear by them, based on what is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who said… read more here.