Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

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