Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah

Question: Sufis claim that their seeking help from and calling upon the righteous servants of Allaah is only metaphorical, and that in reality, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the One from Whom they are seeking help. How should we answer them, considering that they justify their practice by citing the Aayah (which means): You killed them not How do you refute this claim?

Answer: Firstly, seeking help from and calling upon others besides Allaah, such as the dead, absent people, idols, etc. Is a form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Similarly, seeking help from or calling upon living people for help in matters that cannot be helped by anyone other than Allaah is also a form of major Shirk which takes one out of the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah though observing the pillars of Islaam

Question: There is a man who observes Sawm (fasting), Salaah (Prayer) and all the other Pillars of Islaam, but in spite of that he calls upon other than Allaah, for he beseeches or seeks to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of Awliyaa’ (pious people) and seeks their help, and believes that they are able to bring benefit and repel harm.

Tell us, may Allaah reward you with good, do their children who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and associate nothing with Him inherit from them? Also, what is the ruling on them?

Answer: If a person observes Sawm, Salaah and all the Pillars of Islaam, but seeks the help of the dead, the absent ones, the angels and so on, he is considered a Mushrik (those who associate others with Allaah in worship)… read more here.

Performing the pillars of Islaam and supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: Is seeking the help of the Prophets, Awliyaa’ (pious people) and good people when they are alive and after their death to lift a person’s affliction, bring good and making Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by them either to fulfill a need or achieve their goals permissible or not?

Answer: As for seeking help of the dead, whether prophets or others, it is not permissible, rather it is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). As for seeking the help of living people with whatever they can do, there is no harm in it… read more here.

Seeking the help of and supplicating to the deceased besides Allaah

Question: The Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) in one of the villages in Egypt where we live is a Sufi who follows Al-Shadhuliyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). This man teaches people to seek to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) by means of the creatures of Allaah, such as the prophets and the Awliyaa’ (pious people), and he urges them to visit shrines. He tells them it is lawful to swear by the Prophet and the Awliyaa’, and to make Kaffaarah (expiation) if they break an oath made in their name. Our group, which is one of the Islaamic groups, debated with him over the errors he is committing and teaching to the people, but he remained adamant, citing Da‘eef (weak) and Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeths to defend his opinion. Is it permissible to pray behind such a man (when he leads congregational prayers) given we have not yet finished building a Masjid? We have only collected some donations for it, so we still have not built it. We would like to know your Fatwaa concerning this issue.

May Allaah grant us all success. In addition, he declared the great scholars of Islaam, such as the Shaykh of Islaam Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (may Allaah be pleased and merciful to them) as disbelievers.

Answer: Seeking the help of the dead and calling upon them instead of or along with Allaah are considered acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam, whether the one whose help is sought is a prophet or otherwise… read more here.

Do Awliyaa’ have authority over anyone?

Question: I hear and see with my own eyes, that people say that Awliyaa’ (pious people) have authority over people in worldly life and they also claim that they have forty forms; sometimes you see them in the form of a man, sometimes a snake, or a lion etc. They go to graveyards and sleep there, and then they set out at nightfall. People relate that they stand near them in sleep and tell them, “Go, you are cured.” Is such talk true or not?

Answer: Awliyaa’ have no authority over anyone; whatever Allaah has given them is merely the ordinary means given to all other humans. They do not have supernatural powers; they cannot take non-human forms, like snakes, lions, monkeys or other animals… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind and befriending an Imaam who seeks the help of other than Allaah

Question: Is it permissible for a man who lives among a community of people who invoke help from other than Allaah to perform Salaah (prayer) behind them (when they lead the congregational prayers)? Is it obligatory to disassociate oneself from them? Is what they are doing count as major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is making allies of them judged the same as making allies of true Kaafirs (disbelievers)?

Answer: If the state of the people you are living among is as you described: they call upon other than Allaah for help, such as the dead, absent or unseen beings, trees, stones, stars, and the like, they are Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who are committing major Shirk that take them out of the Deen (religion) of Islaam… read more here.

The true faith of whoever says sincerely “There is no god but Allaah”

Question: If a man having five wives or more dies, is he considered a Muslim for whom we can offer the Funeral Prayer after his death, although we know that Allaah (Glorified be He) says (what means): Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world ?

Answer: True Eemaan (Faith) is not established by saying, “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah),” unless it is said sincerely from the heart. Allaah does not accept the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) unless it is sincere. In this world, anyone who pronounces the Shahaadah should be treated unconditionally as a Muslim.. read more here.

Shahaadah: One of the five pillars of Islaam

Question: The good word is one of the five pillars of Islaam. Did the Messenger (peace be upon him) teach us that the good word is Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah Muhammad rasool Allaah (there is no god but Allaah. Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah), or just Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)? What do the Glorious Qur’aan and books of Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths tell us in this regard? If the Qur’aan mentions the first formula, which Soorah is it in? What is the number of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse)? Likewise, if the reliable books of Hadeeth confirm it, where can it be found? Please, mention the book, the page, and the categorical degree of relevant Hadeeth? Finally, do Muslims have the right to add any word or sentence to any Aayah or Saheeh Hadeeth specially if the addition is good and acceptable? What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: The good word is Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah as you have mentioned in the question. It is one of the foundations upon which Islaam is built. Furthermore, it is the first of its pillars. The Prophet (peace be upon him) taught us this word and the other five pillars as well… read more here.

Refuting atheists’ claim about religion having one source

Question: Centers for Islaamic awareness face a lot of questions posed by Muslims from many places. They require reasonable answers to give people who do not believe in the Qur’aan or Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). These people are absolute rationalists and sophists who cannot be convinced except by rational answers that are compatible with their understanding. Their aim is to spread suspicion and cast doubt into the hearts of ignorant Muslims. Some of them maintain courteous relations with Muslims like the Malayan Chinese while others have power and work in politics such as the Buddhists living in Pattani. We need to refute the following:

1- Their saying: “Islaam is not different from idol worship. We worship idols and prostrate to our statues in Malaysia and you (Muslims) sell your property and other valuable possessions for the sake of going to Makkah to bow, prostrate and circumambulate around the stones of the Ka`bah in Al-Masjid Al-Haram. We have seen Muslim pilgrims doing so during the season of Hajj on television.””Stones, whether of Al-Ka`bah or of idols, are all stones even if your beliefs are different from what is apparent.” These false claims are spread by atheist Malay Chinese.

2- They draw an analogy between religions and rivers, claiming that religions are like various rivers of different headstreams. They all spring from one source located in highly elevated lands and all of them flow into one ocean. They mean to say that all religions have one aim; teaching their adherents good manners and beneficial deeds that will bring them success in the world and in the Hereafter and that religions will lead people to be gathered before Allaah; this is the interpretation of them all springing from one source and flowing into one ocean.

3- Meaning that whoever adheres to any religion is saved because all religions belong to Allah and will return to Him in the end, whether it is Islaam, Buddhism or Christianity. This aims at throwing doubt and suspicion among Muslims especially the young ones. May you confirm receipt of our message for we are eagerly waiting for a reply and we thank you in advance.

It is to be noted that these are the claims and ideology of Buddhist Thais. Some Thai politicians have instilled these claims into the minds of Muslim students enrolled in their governmental schools to attract them to their Buddhist and Malay Semitic beliefs. Shiites interpret the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) …and perform As-Salaat (Iqaamat-as-Salaat) for My Remembrance. As follows: Whoever remembers Allah in their hearts are not obligated to offer Salaah (Prayer) in the exact known way. It is known that the Shee`ah offer what is known as Baatinee Salaah (mental Salaah) in which they only close their eyes for a while and imagine that they are offering Salaah. They claim that Salaah should be offered in this way; believing that Batini Salaah is more valid and enduring than the Salaah done by the apparent body postures. They use the following Aayah as evidence: Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever is with Allâh (of good deeds) will remain.They interpret “whatever is with you” as referring to Salaah performed by apparent body postures of which nothing remains after finishing Salaah. “Whatever is with Allaah will remain” denotes the heart through which a person offers Salaah, and the image and sound which cross their minds. According to their beliefs, a person can offer Salaah once a day, either at the beginning of the day, specifically in the morning or at the end of the day at the time of Maghrib (sunset) Prayer.

However, it is better to offer all five prayers during their stated times regardless of where they are or what they are doing, whether they are in the bathroom, having a meal, or having sexual intercourse. This is the content of the speech of the Shaykh who attended the session. May Allaah guide all Muslims to do that which He loves and that which pleases Him.

Answer: There is a great difference between Muslims and atheists. Muslims worship no one but Allaah and follow what is revealed in His Book, the Qur’aan,and to His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) whom He sent to Jinn (creatures created from fire) and humans, whether they are Arabs, non-Arabs, men or women. Allaah ordered humans and Jinn to follow the Prophet (peace be upon him) and adhere to what was revealed to him… read more here.

Uttering the Shahaadah and performing Ghusl when a non-Muslim embraces Islaam

Question: When non-Muslims accept Islaam, should they pronounce the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) first or perform Wudoo’ (ablution)?

Answer: They should pronounce the Shaahadah first and then they should ritually purify themselves to perform Salaah (Prayer)… read more here.

The concept of `Uboodiyyah in Islaam

Question: It is well-known that Islaam is revealed to provide freedom and liberty for people. The concept of liberty in Islaam was correctly defined by an insightful scholar who said: It is to be a servant to Allaah (Exalted be He) and a freeman to other than Him.

Please briefly clarify for us the concept of `Uboodiyyah (Worship) in Islaam and how the servant can be freed from his master and other relevant issues. Please also clarify the wisdom behind the fact that the Messenger (peace be upon him) took Anas as his servant and `Umar took a servant boy.

Answer: The meaning of worship in Islaam is: “Submission to Allaah (Exalted be He) by obeying His Commands, leaving what He has prohibited, abiding by His Limits, seeking His Pleasure, hoping for His Reward and fearing His Anger and Punishment.” This is the true meaning of worship and it is never to be for anyone except Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Meaning of: there is no god except Allaah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah

Question:  Please explain the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah Muhammad Rasoolul-Allaah (There is no god except Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah).”

Answer: The Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) is the first of the Five Pillars of Islaam. It consists of two parts, the first of which is: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah” (There is god except Allaah). This denotes that there is none worthy to be worshiped but Allaah… read more here.

What is the real meaning of Al-`Uboodiyyah?

Question:  What is the real meaning of Al-`Uboodiyyah? Is it to enslave people even against the laws of Islaam?

Answer: There are various kinds of `Uboodiyyah; (i) The general servitude of all creatures at all times; this kind of submission is confined to Allaah alone, as He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

What is the essence of Islaam?

Question: What is the essence of Islaam?

Answer: The essence of Islaam had been clearly defined in the answer given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) when Jibreel (Gabriel, peace be upon him) asked him about Islaam… read more here.

Writing the word “Allaah” and the word “Muhammad” in an interlacing shape at the top of the door of a Masjid

Question: I would like to raise an issue that caused a dispute between some people. It is the writing of the word “Allaah” and the word “Muhammad” in an interlacing shape at the top of the door of one of the Masjids (mosques) in Adlab.

Some of them said that it is not permissible to write these names in such a shape. The proof they mentioned to support their viewpoint was that in this way, Muhammad’s status (peace be upon him), would be the same as Allaah’s which is not reasonable. Others said that writing them in such a way is permissible as Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) places His name beside the name of His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him).

I would like you to guide me to what is right. Thank you very much.

Answer: Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) texts join between testifying that no one is worthy of worship except Allaah and testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah in certain places, such as in Athaan (call to Prayer), Iqaamah (call to start the Prayer), in the Hadeeth… read more here.

Paradise promised for whoever testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah

Question: “The perfect word” is as the Messenger of both mankind and jinn (creatures created from fire), tells us in his Hadeeth: Whoever says: Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah, i.e. there is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, shall enter Paradise. This perfect word consists of two parts: ‘There is no deity’; a form of negation, and ‘Except Allaah’, a form of affirmation. This indicates the Oneness of Allaah, (Exalted be He).

But where can I find the second part, which indicates the message of Muhammad (peace be upon him)? If the two parts are found in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) where can I find them together?

Answer: The first pillar of Islaam which includes both parts is frequently mentioned in the Glorious Qur’aan. As for the first part, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Allaah! Laa ilaaha illaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists).read more here.

The expression: Causes are numerous but there is only one death

Question: Is it permissible to say, “Causes are numerous but there is only one death.”

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to say this expression, there is no harm in it in-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills)… read more here.

What is the meaning of ‘Ibaadah (Worship)?

Question: What is the meaning of ‘Ibaadah (Worship)?

Answer: ‘Ibaadah means to deify only Allaah, to lower and humble oneself to Him alone, and to submit to Him by doing whatever He has commanded and refraining from whatever He has prohibited… read more here.

Why is the Islaamic religion called (Islaam)?

Question: Why is the Islaamic religion called (Islaam)?

Answer: It is called so because whoever reverts to Islaam must submit to Allaah (Exalted be He) and to all rulings introduced by Him (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him), for Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Is it proper to describe air and the like, as natural?

Question: Is it permissible to describe air as natural?

Answer: It is permissible to describe it this way if the word ‘natural’ is intended to mean ‘moderate’… read more here.

Is it proper to say: You are the successors of Allaah on earth?

Question: What is the ruling on the following phrase that is written in some books: “You (i.e. Muslims) are the successors of Allaah on earth”?

Answer: This phrase does not depict the correct meaning, as Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Creator and Owner of everything. He has never been absent from His creation or dominion and He has never assigned a successor on earth… read more here.

What do we understand from: breathing the soul into the fetus after four months?

Question: Do we understand from breathing the soul into the fetus after four months, that the zygote formed by the union of the male sperm and the female ovum, from which the embryo develops, is without a soul, or what?

Answer: For each, the sperm and the ovum, is a form of life that suits it. If they are not damaged, they will be prepared to unite with each other, with the Permission and Predestination of Allaah. When this happens an embryo is formed, if Allaah wills. The embryo will also have a life of its own, which suits it, during which it grows and develops through the known stages… read more here.

Did man really evolve from apes?

Question: There are some people who claim that man was once an ape and then evolved. Is this correct, and is there any evidence to support this?

Answer: This statement is false; the evidence for that is that Allaah has clarified in the Qur’aan the stages of Adam’s creation, saying (what means): Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesaa (Jesus) before Allaah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust read more here.

Provision is controlled by Allaah in every respect

Question: How can Rizq (provision) be provided and determined by Allaah when I can increase my daily work to attain more Rizq? How can Rizq be decreed and determined for me so that I cannot increase or decrease it? Are there any books that clarify these issues? Please guide us!

Answer: Rizq is from Allaah. He creates, determines, gives, bestows and provides the means for gaining it. A servant uses ways and means whether they are easy or difficult, a lot or a little. Allaah pre-destines and provides the means out of His Mercy… read more here.

Allaah making someone a means for obtaining provision or averting harm for another

Question: Is there any human who can provide sustenance to other creatures or protect them from harm?

Answer: Allaah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong. It is He Who answers those in despair when they call upon Him, removes evil, and repels harm. As for humans, Allaah may make them only a means of providing sustenance for others and repelling harm from them… read more here.

Ruling on the belief of a person that the Murshid (spiritual guide) gave him a child

Question: What is the ruling on the belief of a person that the Murshid (spiritual guide) gave him a child, or that decrease and increase in sustenance are a result of invoking someone other than Allaah?

Answer: Whoever believes that children are a gift from someone other than Allaah, or that someone else can increase and decrease his sustenance is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship), whose Shirk is even worse than that of the pre-Islaamic Arabs and other disbelievers during the time of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance)… read more here.

Sex-change operations

Question: We read in some Arabic newspapers about some surgeries that are performed by doctors in Europe by which a person’s existing sexual characteristics are changed to those of the other sex. Is this true? Is it not considered interference in Creator-specific matters, bearing in mind that Allaah is solely the Creator and Fashioner of all forms of life? What is the Islaamic ruling on doing so?

Answer: It is beyond the ability of any created being to change a male into a female or vice versa. This is neither their concern nor within their capacity, regardless how knowledgeable they may be about matter and it properties. This is in the Hands of Allaah Alone… read more here.

Allaah creating seven earths and seven heavens

Question: Is there an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) or Hadeeth which states that there are seven earths? It is a controversial issue among us. If so, in which Soorah of the Qur’aan or in which Hadeeth is this stated? May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: It is authentically established in the Glorious Qur’aan that Allaah the Exalted created seven earths, just like He created seven heavens, as Allaah the Exalted says (what means): It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge. (Al-Talaaq, 65:12)… read more here.

The claim that the rock of Baytul-Maqdis is floating into space

Question: Some people say that the Rock near Al-Masjid Al-Aqsaa (the Mosque in Jerusalem), where the Prophet (peace be upon him) started his Mi`raaj (Ascension to heaven), is suspended in the air by the Power of Allaah. Guide us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Everything is firmly settled in its normal location by permission of Allaah whether it is in the heavens or on earth, including the Rock mentioned in this question… read more here.

Limits of thinking about Allaah’s Creation

Question: The question states: “We have children whom we want to encourage to reflect upon Allah’s Creation. What holds the land that exists on the surface of water, and prevents it from falling into the water? They said that ‘The earth consists of seven layers and there are inhabitants in each one of them’. Among the claims they presume is that: ‘One of the earth’s layers is hotter than Hellfire. It is where Allaah places the souls of sinners and disbelievers.’

They also claim that the two angels Haaroot and Maaroot are being punished under the earth. Please, tell us about their punishment! May Allaah reward you with the best”.

Answer: Firstly, There is no land on top of the waters surface for you to ask about what is preventing it from falling. Only the air and the sky are above the water. All universal elements are held by Allaah’s Omnipotence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe

Question: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship. He is even worse in disbelief than many of the Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who set up partners with Allaah in His Divinity… read more here.

Categories of Tawheed

Question: What are the types of Tawheed (monotheism) and what is the definition of each type?

Answer: There are three categories of Tawheed: Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship), Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship) and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ Wa Al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)… read more here.

Meaning of Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah & Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ Wa Al-Sifaat

Question: What is the meaning of Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship), Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship), and Tawheed Al-Asmaa’ wa Al-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)?

Answer: Tawheed Al-Ruboobiyyah is to believe in Allaah’s Omnipotence; He Alone is the Originator of creation, maintenance, life, death, etc. As for Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah, it is the sincerity of devotional acts e.g. Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), vows and sacrificial animals… read more here.

Observing I’tikaaf only during night

Question: We work at a shop that sells clothes. On the last ten days of Ramadaan we cannot observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) during the day because of work conditions. Is it valid to observe I`tikaaf only at night and work during the day at the shop?

Answer: It is permissible to observe I`tikaaf even for an hour at a Masjid (mosque) where congregational Salaah (Prayer) is offered. It is valid to observe I`tikaaf without observing Sawm (Fast) during the time of I`tikaaf according to the most correct opinion maintained by scholars… read more here.

If the one observing I`tikaaf leaves the Masjid for a certain reason

Question: If the one observing I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) leaves the Masjid (mosque) for a certain reason, such as going home to wake his family up for Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) because there is no one at home to do so, does this violate the conditions of I`tikaaf ?

Answer: Whoever enters I`tikaaf should not go out unless there is a need to conduct his necessary requirements such as fetching food and drink if there is no one to do so, or to relieve oneself if there is no toilet annexed to the Masjid. He may leave the Masjid during the time of Suhoor to wake up his family to prepare Suhoor meal and to be ready for Fajr (Dawn) Prayer if they cannot wake up on their own or if there is no one else to do so… read more here.

I’tikaaf is not limited to the three Masjids (Al-Masjid Al-Haram), (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and (the Aqsaa Mosque in Jerusalem)

Question: We often hear people say that it is impermissible to observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) in any Masjid (mosque) other than the three Masjids: Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah), and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (the Aqsaa Mosque in Jerusalem). They support their opinion with the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: “No I`tikaaf (should be observed) except in the three Masjids.” They say that the Hadeeth is specific whereas the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) is general and that the specific should have precedence over the general. However, I heard that our honored Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz had a different opinion. I would like you to inform me of his evidence hoping that Allaah will open our hearts to accept the truth. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: I`tikaf is not limited to the three Masjids. Rather, the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is of the opinion that it is Mashroo` (Islaamically permissible) to observe I`tikaaf at any Masjid, preferably Al-Masjid Al-Jaami` (the large mosque where Jumu`ah [Friday] Prayers are held)… read more here.

Is seeing a light coming from the sky by the righteous considered as one of the signs of Laylatul-Qadr?

Question: Is seeing a light coming from the sky by the righteous considered as one of the signs of Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)? It is attributed to some righteous people that they saw this light and this sign is widely common among people. I know some righteous people (although none can verify this but Allaah) who saw this sign. What is the veracity of this sign? Does it have a basis in Allaah’s Purified Shar` (Law)?

Answer: We do not know a basis in Allaah’s Purified Shar` that indicates that this is one of the signs of Laylatul-Qadr… read more here.

Can Laylatul-Qadr be seen in a dream or while one is awake?

Question: Can Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) be seen in a dream or while one is awake? Is it special or general? What are its signs? I heard that following Laylatul-Qadr, the sun on the next day becomes red and the sky becomes cloudy. If this occurs, this means that its blessings embraced both worshippers and Kaafirs (disbelievers).

Answer: It is stated in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeths of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that the sun on the next morning of Laylatul-Qadr will have no rays. It is also stated that Laylatul-Qadr was shown to the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a vision and then was caused to forget (by Allaah)… read more here.

A custom that a man begins to observe Sawm only after having circumcision

Question: I was circumcised twenty-three years ago. There was a belief when I ignored Sharee`ah (Islamic law) rulings that a man should not observe Sawm (Fast) until he is circumcised and that a girl should not observe Sawm until she has menses. During that period, Ramadaan came once when I was more than fifteen years. However, I had been circumcised and was still recovering from the surgery so I could not observe Sawm the entire Ramadaan. I should mention that I did not observe Sawm of Ramadaan before that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, have I to make up for the previous missed days of Sawm or feed the poor? It should be known that I was ignorant of Sharee`ah rulings.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned that you had reached the age of fifteen and had not observed Sawm because of the prevalent ignorance of Sharee`ah rulings thinking that a man should not observe Sawm until he is circumcised, and that after your circumcision you were recovering from surgery and did not complete the Sawm of Ramadaan, it is Waajib (obligatory) on you to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan after reaching puberty… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Saturdays or Fridays without observing Sawm on a day before or after

Question: I am a young man and I used to observe Sawm (Fast) similar to the Sawm of Daawood (David, peace be upon him). However, someone told me that if the day to observe Sawm falls on a Saturday or Friday, it should not be observed without a day before or after. He said that this is the opinion of Shaykh Al-Albaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him). I have continued observing Sawm although I am still confused.

Please advise me on the ruling of observing Sawm on Saturday or Friday without observing the Sawm of a day before or after or if it happens to coincide with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) or the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: It is permissible for the one who observes the Sawm of Daawood (peace be upon him) to observe Sawm on Friday or Saturday alone without a day before or after. This ruling also applies to the Day of `Arafah and `Aashooraa’. It should be known that the Hadeeth which states that Sawm on Saturday is forbidden except in case of obligatory Sawm is not Saheeh (authentic)… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays is Nafilah and not Waajib

Question: I like to observe Sawm (Fast) on Mondays and Thursdays because our deeds are presented to Allaah (Glorified be He) on these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: These (Monday and Thursday) are two days on which people’s deeds are presented to the Lord of the Worlds, and I want my deeds to be presented when I am observing Sawm.

Is it permissible to observe Sawm of Monday and Thursday of every month? In summer, it is too hot for me to observe Sawm of these two days every week. Should I observe Sawm on them every week in winter? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed any deed, he would do so consistently. However, if there is hardship in observing Sawm on these days, it is permissible for you not to observe their Sawmduring summer and to observe their Sawm in winter because observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday is Nafilah (supererogatory) and not Waajib (obligatory). Whoever observes their Sawm will be rewarded… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday

Question: I heard knowledge seekers saying that it is not valid to combineobserving Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday and the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month). Rather, one should observe Sawm of either one of them. Is this correct? If so, why?

Answer: What you heard regarding the invalidity of combining the Sawm of Monday and Thursday and the White Days is incorrect. It is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm on these days because there are proofs urging the observation of their Sawm… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the White Days

Question: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month) on days other than their fixed days during the same month?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Observing Sawm on `Aashooraa’ and acting differently from the People of the Book

Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Should the 9th and 10th, and 11th of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashooraa’ ?

Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.

The story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’

Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Kindly find an attached book titled “Min Akhtaa’inaa Fee Al-`Ashr” (Some of Our Mistakes on the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah) by Muhammad Al-Ghufaylee.We would like you to read it and review the included Fatwa to see whether it is correct? On page no. 13, paragraph no. 5, it states, “Most people’s observation of Sawm (Fast) of the whole ten days is a mistake…” Consequently, most of the people of Al-Rass abandoned Sawm of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, because of this book and this Fatwaa. For decades, people used to observe Sawm of such days believing this act to be Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the teachings of the Prophet). However, after reading this book, they have been disapproving of those who observe Sawm on these days.

I ask Your Eminence to issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) on this regard and clarify it inlocal newspapers, so that Al-Haqq (the Truth) will become evident before the public.

Answer: Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is not a mistake as is claimed by some people. Rather, according to the Jumhoor (majority of scholars) of scholars it is Sunnah. Shaykh `Abdul-Rahmaan ibn Qaasim said in his commentary on Al-Zad book, “Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is (an act of Sunnah, based on) the opinion of the Jumhoor of scholars. In Al-Insaaf book, it is stated that there is no difference in this regard.”… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah if it coincides with a Friday

Question: It is known that the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) coincided with a Friday. We observed Sawm (Fast) on that day based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah expiates for the previous year and the coming one. (Related by Muslim) The Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) of our Masjid (mosque) told us that it is not permissible to observe Sawm on a Friday unless one observes Sawm a day before or after it. Therefore, most of us broke our Sawm, while the others continued their Sawm even though they were confused.

Please note that our Sawm was in reverence for the Day of `Arafah, seeking its reward, and not out of preference for Friday. Please give us a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), may Allaah benefit you. Who is right: the Imaam of our Masjid and those who broke their Sawm on that day, or those who continued their Sawm? What should we do if the Day of `Arafah or `Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) coincides with a Friday?

Answer: It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for observing Sawm and he ordered that one is to observe Sawm one day before or after it… read more here.

Combining the two intentions of the missed fasts of Ramadaan and the fasts of Shawwaal

Question: We know that there is a great reward for observing Sawm (Fast) on six days during Shawwal. A woman broke her Sawm during Ramadaan for six days for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) reason, and she wants to make up for them during Shawwaal. Is it permissible for her to combine the two intentions, that is, the intention of observing compensatory Sawm for the days she missed during Ramadaan and the intention of observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal? In other words, is it permissible for her to observe Sawm for only six days during Shawwaal with the intention of being compensatory Sawm and at the same time seeking the reward of observing Sawm for the six days of Shawwaal? Is it permissible to combine the intention for the two Sawm like Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between)?

Answer: Observing compensatory Sawm for six days during Shawwaal is not counted as the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal. This is because one should not begin observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal unless one has already made up for the days they missed during Ramadaan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the six days of Shawwaal before making up for the missed days of Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on a woman who observed Sawm (Fast) on the six days of Shawwaal when she had not yet made up for her missed days of Sawm during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is a priority to make up for the missed days of Sawm of Ramadaan before observing Sawm on six days from Shawwaal, because a Fareedah (obligatory act) takes precedence over a Nafilah (supererogatory act). Hence, it was preferable for the woman mentioned in the question not to do so, and she must make up for her missed days of Ramadaan… read more here.