Question: My mother is 58 years old. She became ill on 7 Rajab, 1418 A.H, which resulted in being handicapped. Later, she began to recover, all praise be to Allaah. She did not perform Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan, so that she would be able to take her medications and eat, because she suffered from incontinence, may Allaah safeguard you. Should we feed Miskeens (needy people) on her behalf? Is she obliged to offer Kaffaarah (expiation), and what is its amount?
Answer: If your mother is able to perform compensatory Sawm for Ramadaan in the future after recovering, she should wait till then. She should perform compensatory Sawm, and she is not obliged to offer Kaffaarah. However, if her illness is permanent and she cannot perform compensatory Sawm in the future, she should feed a Miskeen for each day in which she broke her Sawm an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country... read more here.