Delaying compensatory Sawm for the missed days of Ramadaan till recovery

Question: My wife suffers from physical pain. She could notperform Sawm (Fast) of the previous Ramadaan. And she will not be able to perform Sawm of the following Ramadaan. Thus, we ask you to give us your legal opinion concerning how she should make up for missed days of Sawm and the Kaffaarah (expiation) she should offer. May Allaah bless you!

Answer: If your wife is expected to recover, she should make up for Sawm for the days on which she broke it. She should do this after she recovers. If she is not expected to recover in the future, she should feed a Miskeen (needy) person for each day on which she broke her Sawm an amount of 1.5 kg of staple food of your country. This compensates for performing Sawm, as this Fatwaa was reported from a group of the Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) of the Prophet (peace be upon him)... read more here.

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Feeding a needy person for each missed day of Sawm

Question: During last Ramadaan, I was ill in the Military Hospital in Riyadh, as I suffered from pain on Friday, 29th of Sha`baan and I spent the night in the heart center. Then, the doctors decided to perform a surgery on three arteries. Moreover, they advised me not to perform Sawm (Fast), as it would negatively affect my health because I suffer from hypertension, diabetes and asthma, according to the attached medical reports. Thus, I was prevented from performing this Fareedah (obligatory act).

In Muharram, 1420 A.H., I suffered from chest and liver diseases, resulting in me staying in the Military Hospital. After a checkup, I was given intense treatment, which the doctors advised me to take three times daily for nine months starting from 12 Safar, 1420 A.H.

Your Eminence Muftee (Muslim scholar qualified to issue legal opinions), I am seventy years old, and I am confused concerning how to make up for the days in which I broke my Sawm during the blessed Ramadaan, 1419 A.H. Thus,I hope you will give me your legal opinion concerning making up for these days.

Answer:  If you are not able to make up for the missed days of Sawm permanently, you should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day an amount of 1.5 kg (of staple food). You are not obliged to perform Sawm. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). In this Aayah (Qur’aanic verse), the ruling on the person who can observe Sawm is abrogated, based on Allaah’s Saying... read more here.

Feeding a Miskeen by the patient who can not perform Sawm

Question: My wife suffers from diabetes to the extent that she sometimes faints. Two female Muslim doctors treating her decided that she could not perform Sawm (Fast) or Hajj. Respected Shaykh, my wife was not able to perform Sawm last Ramadaan due to her illness and pregnancy; then she miscarried.

The question is: What is the ruling as she is unable to perform Sawm especially after her miscarriage? What is the ruling on her inability to perform Hajj, taking into consideration that she did not perform the obligatory Hajj? Moreover, she is pregnant now, and is expected to give birth at the end of Sha`baan, what should she do about Ramadaan this year? The doctors, who are treating her, still order her not to perform Sawm for an indefinite period. I hope you will give us your legal opinion, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: First, if the reality of your ill wife is as you mentioned, she should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day on which she did not perform Sawm an amount equal to half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country.

Second, if she could not perform Hajj in person, she should deputize someone to perform the obligatory Hajj and `Umrah on her behalf… read more here.

The believers are afflicted with calamities in the worldly life

Question: I had an accident ten years ago that caused me hemiplegia. Moreover, I have involuntary urination and excretion. A doctor advised me not to perform Sawm (Fast). Thus, I have not performed Sawm for the past ten years. I know that I should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day in which I did not perform Sawm. Is it permissible for me to pay money instead of food? How much should I pay for the ten years? Should I pay it to one person or to many people? Please advise us, may Allaah benefit us and you!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned in the question that you cannot perform Sawm permanently, you should feed a Miskeen an amount of 1.5 kg of staple food in your country. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). You should not pay money instead of food, as it is not in accordance with the Nas (Islaamic text from the Qur’aan or the Sunnah)… read more here.

Sawm for the patient suffering an incurable disease

Question: My wife is seventeen years old and suffers from anemia. A doctor warned her not to perform Sawm (Fast), and she has not performed Sawm in Ramadaan for three years except for a few days. In addition, she is not able to make up for the missed days of Sawm, because whenever she performs Sawm for two or three days, she is taken to the hospital, and the doctor warns her against this. As her body is weak, I hope you will give us your legal opinion concerning the action she should take. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, your wife is not obliged to perform Sawm. However, she should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day she missed Sawm an amount of 1.5 kg of staple food. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). This means that the people who are unable to perform Sawm due to a chronic disease or old age can feed a Miskeen for each day, as explained by Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) and a group of Salaf (righteous predecessors). If she recovers from her illness and becomes able to perform Sawm, she should perform it… read more here.

Taking medicine in the daytime of Ramadaan

Question: I have been suffering from depression and psychological disturbance for more than thirteen years, and I use some sedatives, but the number of tablets that I take have now reached 10 tablets per night, in addition to the medicine that I take for diabetes and the electro-convulsive therapy because my body has gained immunity against the medicine. I sleep about two hours only every night after taking the tablets, then I spend the rest of the night suffering from sleeplessness and psychological instability.

And now as Ramadaan is approaching, the time of taking the medicine will change and I will encounter a lot of suffering like last year, as I underwent a lot of exhaustion and fatigue by observing Sawm (Fast). Some scholarly students have told me not to observe Sawm and to feed poor people instead, and now I am not able to do without sleeping and having rest. I beg Your Eminence to direct me to the right way, and I hope that your answer be written on paper so as to be evidence that I can show to my sons or anybody who may suspect my attitude. May Allaah guard you and reward you with the best.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, and you are unable to fast because you need to take the medicine during the daytime, and the illness you have continues throughout the whole year, it is permissible for you not to observe Sawm and you must feed one Miskeen (needy) for each day an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) from the country’s staple food such as rice… read more here.

Making up for the missed days of Sawm due to a chronic disease

Question: My father entered the intensive care unit in the hospital at the beginning of the blessed month of Ramadaan 1416 A.H. He suffered from both cardiac failure and nephritis caused by instability in the level of blood sugar. He was in a semi coma in the first four days, and during the rest of the month his state got a bit better. He left the hospital a few days before the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) as his state was relatively better, but he was still ill and continued to take drugs as prescribed by doctors. He continued taking pills three times a day: morning, afternoon, and evening for diabetes, blood pressure, and strengthening the heart muscle, and extracting the liquids from the body.

Being in such a case, he could observe Sawm (Fast) for only four days in the beginning of the month and could not observe Sawm during the rest of the month. Before Ramadaan 1417 A.H.,my father gave out two sacks of rice, each of which weighs 45 kilograms, as charity to two poor families. In Ramadan of this year (1417 A.H.), he could not observe Sawm at all as doctors forbade him to do so. After `Eed-ul-Fitr, he similarly gave out two sacks of rice and one of the reliable brothers distributed them to some poor and needy families. However, my father wants to be sure that he acted as the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) dictates, and wants to know from Your Eminence what he should do in detail. May Allaah reward you abundantly.

Answer: If your father cannot make up for the days he missed from Ramadaan because of his chronic disease, he should provide for each day he missed an amount of one kilo and a half of staple food for a needy person or some needy people. This feeding is a substitute for making up. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day). Therefore, what you have given out is even more than what you should pay, and thus the surplus amount shall be counted as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity). However, if your father is expected to recover his health and be able to make up for the missed Sawm, he should wait until he recovers to make up for it… read more here.

Sawm for the patient suffering an incurable disease

Question: I suffer from renal failure. The doctor has forbidden me from performing Sawm (Fast), as it affects my health negatively and I cannot endure it. He decided that I should be treated by dialysis twice a week. I have undergone dialysis for a month and a half. Later I saw another doctor in Riyadh, who prescribed medication for me and diet. I eventually recovered, all praise be to Allah, but I broke my Sawm in Ramadaan for three years. I performed Sawm this year with difficulty, as I consulted a doctor who recommended me to perform Sawm for ten days and then return to him to determine whether I could continue Sawm till the end of the month or break it. When I came back to him, he told me to continue performing Sawm till the end of the month. I hope you will advise me concerning the days in which I did not perform Sawm.

Should I make up for the missed days of Sawm in the previous months of Ramadaan, although I paid Kaffaarah (expiation) for each month? If it is obligatory to make up for them, should I make up for the three months in one year or only a month per year? May Allaah safeguard you.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned and you fed the poor (as Kaffaarah) for the previous years, as a trusted doctor told you that Sawm would affect your health negatively,as well as your inability to perform it in the future, your feeding of the poor was valid and there is no blame on you In-shaa-Allaah (if Allaah Wills). If your health is now better and the doctor permits you to perform Sawm, you should perform it in the future and you are not permitted to feed the poor instead… read more here.

Suffering renal failure and undergoing dialysis three times a week and in Ramadaan

Question: I suffer from kidney failure, and I undergo dialysis three times a week, that is, every other day; and in Ramadaan, some of the sufferers from this disease can fast and others can not.

My first question is: Can those who are capable of observing Sawm (Fast) do? Are they obliged to do anything, knowing that some people say that their Sawm is not valid as there are some solutions that enter the body with the blood. Then, if the Sawm is not valid, what is the ruling to be followed? Does one have to compensate for the days he could not fast, or to feed, or do both? And, what is to be done concerning the years in which a person used to observe Sawm while undergoing dialysis?

The second question is: Is it permissible to perform Salah (Prayer) while undergoing dialysis without Wudoo’ (ablution)? And if not, what is to be done if the Thuhr (Noon) and the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayers pass while we are undergoing dialysis, and sometimes we are very tired as a result of the dialysis, and we take a rest till the time of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer, so we perform them all together. Is this permissible?

Answer: If delaying the dialysis till the evening during the days of Sawm is not possible, and the patient has to undergo dialysis while observing Sawm, dialysis invalidates the Sawm because, according to what specialists mention, it involves taking the patient’s blood out of his body into a machine and then returning it to the body with some chemicals and nutrients that are added to it, such as sugars and salts, and this invalidates the Sawm. In this case, the patient has to abstain from all that breaks his Sawm for the rest of the day in which he undergoes dialysis, unless it becomes necessary for him to break his Sawm the rest of the day because of his illness… read more here.

A woman suffering from kidney failure and undergoing dialysis during Ramadaan

Question: My mother has been suffering from kidney failure for nine years; and Ramadaan comes while she undergoes dialysis to purify her blood. She goes to the hospital three times a week: Saturday, Monday, and Wednesday. The dialysis functions through tubes and two injections, thus breaking one’s Sawm (Fast). She has not performed Sawm of Ramadaan for nine years on the days which she has dialysis treatments. When Ramadaan passes, she feeds Miskeens (needy people) without making up for the missed days of Sawm, as she goes to the hospital three times a week. What should she do, although nine Ramadaans have passed? Is there any sin on her, as she fed Miskeens for every day in which she did not perform Sawm without making up for the missed days of Sawm? I hope you will give us your legal opinion, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, she should make up for the missed days of Sawm. This Sawm should take place in regular order: she should make up for the missed days of Sawm in the first Ramadan, then the second…Etc… read more here.

Undergoing dialysis to purify the blood of a kidney patient invalidates Sawm

Question: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, to proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the question received by His Eminence the Grand Muftee from the questioner, the Head of the Kidney Department in Riyadh Medical Complex, Dr. Fahd ibn Ahmad Al-Kanhal. It was referred to the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 5315, dated 27 Sha`baan, 1418 A.H. The questioner asks the following:

We have many patients suffering from chronic kidney failure, which is an incurable disease according to what is known about its nature. One of the medical treatments necessary to keep the patient alive is the continuous portable peritoneum purification. It entails laying a permanent artificial tube in the patient’s abdominal wall. Liquid is injected into the abdominal cavity through the artificial tube four times a day, i.e. Every six hours. This liquid contains salts, sugar, and water which are a kind of nutrition. Its function is to draw out the extra fluids and poisons from the body, the function that would be done by the healthy kidney. Some of these components are absorbed into the blood from the peritoneum membrane lining the abdomen and not through the stomach.

The question is: Is this method permissible in Ramadaan, i.e., in the day of Ramadaan? I appreciate your guidance, may Allaah guide you.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, this procedure of purification invalidates Sawm (Fast). If it cannot be delayed until the evening, and the disease is not expected to be cured, the patient should feed a Miskeen (needy) for each day in which he or she breaks Sawm an amount of 1.5 kg in compensation for Sawm. If it is expected to be cured, the patients should perform compensatory Sawm after their recovery… read more here.

Allaah permits a patient who cannot fast to break fast during Ramadaan

Question: I am a 29-year-old man. I suffer from chronic renal failure and I must have dialysis three times per week. During Ramadaan, I would fast a day and not fast the next. I thus broke my fast on 12 days during the Ramadaan of 1415 A.H. I made up for five days, and there remains seven days.

Is there any atonement due on me for the remaining days? What should I do in Ramadaan of the current year, taking into consideration that my condition will be the same as last Ramadaan – that is, fasting a day and breaking the fasting on the next day?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) has permitted those who are ill and unable to fast to break fast in Ramadaan. You need not do anything regarding the days in which you break your fast except making up for them. You should make up for these seven days when you are able. The same applies to the days of fast missed from the second Ramadaan of 1416 A.H. This is based on the general ruling in the Saying of Allaah: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days… read more here.

A person’s wife suffers from kidney failure and cannot observe Sawm

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets, to proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the question received by His Eminence the Grand Muftee from the Director of Da`wah and Guidance Center in Najran, referred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 4313, dated 21 Sha`baan 1412 A.H., regarding a man’s wife suffering from kidney failure, stating the following:

His wife suffers from kidney failure and receives medical treatment at the Public Hospital in Najran. She cannot perform Sawm (Fast) as mentioned. We asked the husband to attach a medical report about the state of the patient from the hospital in which she receives treatment. We attach to Your Eminence the requested report received from Najran Hospital about the state of the patient. I hope you will give the man a legal opinionwhether his wife should perform Sawm or not. As stated in the attached medical report, the patient suffers from chronic kidney failure and undergoes dialysis treatments three times a week. The duration of each session is four hours.

Answer: Upon considering the Fatwaa request, the Committee answered that the patient is permitted to break her Sawm on the days which she receives dialysis treatments and the other days in which she is not on dialysis, if she cannot endure Sawm. She may make up for all of the days on which she broke her Sawm after Ramadaan, if she can… read more here.

Sawm of a diabetic kidney transplant patient

Question: Allaah (Glorified be He) willed that I have been suffering from diabetes since I was about 14 years old and in 17 Muharram, 1411 A.H., I had kidney failure; and in 16 Jumaada Al-Thaanee, 1412 A.H., I had a kidney transplant in the Arab Republic of Egypt, which cost me a large sum of money. When Ramadaan, 1412 A.H. started, the doctor ordered me not to fast, so I fed one Miskeen (needy) for each day. And, I have a follow-up in hospital every month and a half, so I asked the doctor about Sawm, and he told me to fast if I can, and not to fast if I am not able to, knowing that the doctor is a Muslim, and he is Sudanese.

Knowing, respected Shaykh, that the doctor told me that: If you fast, do not do a lot of work and do not sleep at night so as to make up for the liquids that you lost throughout the day. In addition, I take medicine for diabetes in the morning and in the evening, and another medicine between 9:00 am and 10:00 am, and between 9:00 pm and 10:00 pm. The doctor has also advised me to drink 4 or at least 3 bottles of mineral water a day. Knowing that I argued with the doctor about Sawm and he did not tell me whether to fast or not, I ask Allaah (Exalted be He), then Your Eminence, to answer my question and tell me whether I can fast or not. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: You must fast if delaying the medicine till night will not cause you any harm, but if you find it difficult to fast or your illness worsens, or if taking the medicine is necessary during the day in which you have to fast, you do not have to fast and you must feed one Miskeen for each day. This should be one and a half kilos of the country’s staple food, if you are not likely to recover and are not able to compensate for the days that you missed… read more here.

Sawm of elderly heart patients

Question: I would like to inform you that I am an old man, about eighty years old. I am a heart patient and I take tranquilizers three times a day according to the recommendations of the doctor. I have never stopped taking such pills. The blessed Ramadaan has come and it might be difficult for me to perform Sawm (Fast). I hope that you will inform me urgently with your legal opinion, as I fear Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). May Allaah grant you success to what pleases Him, and safeguard you.

Answer: If the reality is as the questioner mentioned, he is permitted to break his Sawm to take the prescribed drugs, and then perform compensatory Sawm whenever he is able to do so… read more here.

Offering Sawm on behalf of a kidney patient

Question: I had a kidney transplant after suffering from kidney failure three years ago. Two Ramadaans passed in the last two years in which I broke my Sawm (fast) and fed a Miskeen (needy) according to the recommendation of the doctor, as I was not able to perform Sawm. The reason is that I was not able to delay my prescribed drug from the morning to the evening, and that I should drink no less than three or four liters of liquids to enable my kidney to work well. This year, the doctor informed me that there is no objection to perform Sawm, and I do, in fact, continue fasting, all praise be to Allaah. What should be done about the two previous months of Ramadaan, in which I broke my Sawm? Should I perform compensatory Sawm in my current state, even if I am afraid of the deterioration of my state, may Allaah forbid.

Answer: If the doctor, who told you this was Muslim, and you fed Miskeens for the two months in which you broke your Sawm, and now your health is better and you are able to perform Sawm, you should perform Sawm in the future without repeating the Sawm of the previous months… read more here.

Should a young ill female observe Sawm?

Question: My eleven-year-old daughter has to observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan this year, but she suffers from epileptic fits and has to take her medication every day. If she doesn’t, the disease will overtake her again. Should she observe Sawm this year or not?

Answer: If your daughter has not yet reached puberty, she does not have to observe Sawm, for she is not Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There are three (persons) whose actions are not recorded… And he mentioned among them the young until they reach puberty… read more here.

Is the woman advised by doctors not to observe Sawm due to experiencing an operation exempted from Sawm?

Question: I underwent surgery at the beginning of Ramadaan, during which I did not perform Sawm (Fast) according to the recommendation of the doctors. I gave out the equivalent of Mudd (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) of wheat. I asked scholars, some of whom said that feeding Miskeens (needy people) is valid, while others said that I must perform Sawm for this month. I hope Your Eminence will answer the following questions, take into consideration that two years have passed and I did not perform Sawm for this month:

1 – Should I perform Sawm for this month or feeding is valid?
2 – If it is not valid, is it permissible to perform Sawm for this month before next Ramadaan?

Answer: You should perform compensatory Sawm for the days you broke your Sawm in Ramadaan at the time of the surgery. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Moreover, you should feed a Miskeen (needy) for every day you delayed the performance of compensatory Sawm until the next Ramadaan had come… read more here.

Should the woman who was injured by fire make up for the missed days of Sawm?

Question: My wife was predestined to be injured by fire as the kerosene refrigerator burst into flames. Some parts of her body were injured due to this fire years ago. Then, Ramadaan came while she was being treated in the hospital and was pregnant as well. Then, she gave birth to a baby in the hospital during her illness. She stayed in the hospital for a year and did not perform compensatory Sawm (Fast) for Ramadaan of that year. She is still ill in the hospital; sometimes she is pregnant and some others she is ill. As I mentioned, she did not perform compensatory Sawm until now. Is she obliged to perform compensatory Sawm or anything else?

I hope you will give us your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) concerning these religious matters that Your Eminence sees as well as the necessary action that should be performed, including compensatory Sawm or anything else. May Allaah safeguard you and enlighten your sight and insight. Al-salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon you).

Answer: Your wife should perform compensatory Sawm for the days she broke her Sawm in Ramadaan. However, if she delayed it until another Ramadaan passes without an excuse, she should perform Kaffaarah (expiation) in addition to compensatory Sawm by feeding a Miskeen the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, etc. Of the staple food of your country, for every day of Sawm she broke… read more here.

Offering Sawm on the part of a kidney patient

Question: In the year 1409 A.H., it was Allaah’s (Glorified be He) destiny that I was afflicted with renal failure, which made me break my Sawm (Fast) three days in Ramadaan. Three months later, I underwent a surgical operation for a kidney transplant. The operation was successful, thanks to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). In the year 1410 A.H., (i.e. after the kidney transplant) the doctors advised me not to observe Sawm due to my need to drink large amounts of water and some medicines. After that, I suffered from blood pressure, i.e. in the year 1411 A.H. Yet, I have managed to observe Sawm in Ramadaan till now, praise be to Allaah, but until now I have not made up for the month of Ramadaan or the three days I did not observe Sawm.

– Is there Kaffaarah (expiation) due on me for the previous months of Ramadaan?
– Is it permissible to give the total sum to just one person?
– Is it permissible to give it in the form of money? If so, how much is it?

Answer: It is obligatory on you to observe Sawm the days you failed to observe, once you are able to do so, since this is an obligation that you owe. You should both feed a poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) as Kaffaarah for each day and make up for these days. You should feed a poor person for each day of Sawm you missed, because you delayed making up for it despite your ability to do. It is up to you whether you give the whole Kaffaarah to one poor person or more… read more here.

Experiencing a severe headache when fasting

Question: I broke fast for twenty-five days during Ramadaan, and fasted for only five days. This is because I get a terrible headache all day whenever I fast. I even suffered from a painful headache during the five days that I fasted, to the extent that I could barely prostrate while praying. Before this year, I fasted normally without suffering any headaches. Due to my misunderstanding of religious texts concerning asceticism and renouncing worldly pleasures, I would spend one or two days without having even one meal. This resulted in my suffering from a constant headache for ten months. I checked with a doctor who prescribed me some drugs and ordered me not to skip any meal and not to starve myself. Therefore, whenever I fast or skip a meal, this terrible headache strikes me. Kindly give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard before the next Ramadaan comes or death overtakes me.

Answer: You have to make up for the days on which you broke fast during Ramadaan as soon as possible. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. You do not have to do anything else, unless you postpone making up for the missed days while being able to do so until the next Ramadaan comes. In this case, you would have to make up for the days and also feed a needy person one and a half kilograms of foodstuff for every day you broke fast. There is nothing wrong with making up for these days separately… read more here.

A person who can make up for the missed days of Sawm

Question: I had an accident two years ago. During this period, I was not able to perform Sawm (Fast). Thus, I fed a Miskeen (needy) for each day and performed compensatory Sawm for a month. But, there is one month left, should I perform compensatory Sawm or feed Miskeens? All praise be to Allaah, I can now perform Sawm, but I am still paralyzed. I hope you will give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) concerning this matter.

Answer: If you can perform compensatory Sawm for the days in which you broke your Sawm, you should perform it. However, you should not feed Miskeens in this case, because it is only obligatory on a person who can not perform compensatory Sawm… read more here.

Making up for the days of Sawm missed on the part of a kidney patient

Question: I would like to tell Your Eminence that in the year 1404 A.H. I was afflicted with renal failure, whereupon I underwent a surgical operation to have a kidney transplant. The operation was successful, praise be to Allaah. Yet during the period from 1404 to 1409 A.H., I could not fast the blessed months of Ramadaan. I have been feeding a poor person for each day of fast that I missed till the end of the year 1409 A.H. after this, the doctor allowed me to fast with the beginning of Ramadaan 1410 A.H. In 1411 A.H., I made up for the Ramadan of 1405 A.H. Thus, I must make up for four Ramadaans. Please guide me whether it is sufficient to feed the poor as Kaffaarah (expiation) for the four months or I should make up for them by fasting. May Allaah guard you.

Answer: You should make up for the days you failed to fast due to your illness because now you have recovered from your illness. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days… read more here.

Fasting on the part of a heart patient

Question: I suffer from heart disease and I was subjected to electronarcosis in a hospital in Buraydah. The doctor prescribed continuous therapy for me. I find it too difficult to fast Ramadan. I also suffer from some other ailments in my abdomen, such as colitis and very severe constipation. I hope Your Eminence will give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) regarding fast and what I should do. May Allaah protect you!

Answer: You should make up for the days of Ramadaan you failed to fast when you recover from your illness. If this is an incurable illness, you should offer Kaffaarah (expiation) by feeding a poor person for each day of fast you missed. The amount of food you should give to a poor person is half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or other such staple food… read more here.

Offering Sawm on the part of a kidney patient

Question: I am a thirty-eight year old woman with five children: three sons and two daughters. My eldest son studies at university, some of them are in the elementary stage, and the others are in the preparatory stage. I want to inform Your Eminence that I have been suffering nephritis and have been receiving treatment for ten years. During this period, and with the approval of my husband, I underwent a surgical operation to have a ligature. Yet, with the passage of time, the illness has aggravated and I got renal failure. Then I have been undergoing dialysis twice a week. In the month of Sha`baan 1414 A.H., Allaah (Exalted be He) conferred His blessing on me and my brother donated me his kidney. The implant succeeded, thanks to Allaah (Exalted be He). Yet, I am still receiving treatment and the doctor asks me not to offer Sawm (Fast).

Thus, I hope Your Eminence will give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) regarding whether it is obligatory on me to make up for the days I missed or feed the poor as Kaffaarah (expiation) for this. Note that I was prevented from offering Sawm by a Muslim Sudanese doctor. Al-saalamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you)

Answer: If you cannot offer Sawm, because of your illness or for fear that this may result in delaying the healing of your illness, it is permissible for you not to offer Sawm, but you should make up for the days of Sawm you missed. After Allaah (Exalted be He) grants you recovery, you can make up for these days… read more here.

How to make up for the missed fasts of several months of Ramadaan?

Question: It happened that my wife suffered some burns on her body in 1408 A.H., and she was hospitalized for treatment. She remained there till the end of the year, which prevented her from fasting the month of Ramadaan in that year (i.e. 1408 A.H.). She could not fast because of the instructions of the doctor, since her body was bleeding and she was receiving glucose nutrition. She was also obliged to make up for a week of fast that she missed in Ramadaan of 1407 A.H. When she left the hospital, she managed to fast the Ramadaan of 1408 A.H. and then fasted the week of the previous Ramadaan of 1407 A.H. Is her fast this way correct, as she observed fast for what she missed in 1408 A.H. first and then the week missed in 1407 A.H.?

Please clarify the issue and the manner of expiatory fast or feeding the poor if there is anything obligatory on her.

Answer: The way she made up for the days of fast she missed of Ramadaan is correct. Yet, if she could fast the seven days before the following Ramadaan, she should feed a poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for each day,because she delayed making up for them till the next Ramadaan. Her way of fast is correct… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the part of a diabetic

Question: I have suffered from diabetes for four years. I used to fast Ramadaan every year, but over the last two years I have found it too hard to fast. My physician decided that I should break fast, but I continued to fast some days and break fast on other days.

Am I to be rewarded by Allaah for these days which I fasted? Should I make up for the days on which I broke fast?

During this time, I was still a student, so my father paid to feed needy people for each day on which I broke fast. Now, all praise be to Allaah, I work and earn enough money; should I repay to my father the money he paid to feed the needy people on my behalf or use the money to feed more needy people?

Answer: You have to make up for the days on which you broke fast in Ramadaan, and should also offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for the days on which you broke fast and did not make up for until the next Ramadaan. The Kaffaarah is half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food ofthe country, which you should give to needy people or just to one person in proportion to the number of these days. The Kaffaarah that your father paid on your behalf is counted and you do not have to offer it again… read more here.