Question: I am a woman who believes in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and all praise is due to Allaah for this. I observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan, and I may not fast some days because of an Islaamically lawful excuse that Allaah (Exalted be He) permits for women, and I make up for these days after Ramadaan. But one year, Ramadaan coincided with my being in a post-partum period, and I intended to make up for the days that I missed after that period ended; that is, when the time of ritual purification comes; but I could not fast because I was breastfeeding my baby. Also, I live in a very hot region, and there are many domestic duties that I have to do. As for breastfeeding, however, there are many alternatives which help me feed the baby.
The Second Issue: After four months from the end of the post-partum period, Allaah (Exalted be He) granted me a baby as I became pregnant, so my fear of observing Sawm increased. Do I have to feed the poor or should I compensate in this case? And, if I have to feed the poor, please inform me how this should be done?
Answer: This woman must make up for the days that she did not observe Sawm in Ramadaan during her post-partum period, and she also has to feed one Miskeen (needy) for delaying the compensation till the following Ramadaan. The amount that should be given to each Miskeen is one and a half kilos of rice or wheat, and so on, of the country’s staple food. She must also seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for her excessive delaying of Sawm, and there is nothing wrong with bringing out the food all at once before, after, or during compensation… read more here.