Making up for the days of Sawm missed due to a long-term illness

Question: I have been suffering an illness for several years. The illness began in a previous Ramadaan that I have not been able to make up for till now, since I am still under treatment. Every three months, I undergo an operation in the hospital for the completion of treatment that extends over five years. It should be known that I work far away from the area where I lived, which makes it very difficult for me to fast. Thus, what should I do? Please advise us! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: You should count the days in which you did not fast in Ramadaan and make up for them after Allaah (Exalted be He) grants you recovery from your illness. If the illness continues with you and your case is hopeless,you should feed a poor person for each day… read more here.

Making up for the days of Sawm missed by a patient

Question: I underwent an operation in Ramadaan, and I stayed in hospital till the end of the month. How can I make up for the days of the month that I could not fast? And, if I can not make up for the Sawm (fast) till next Ramadaan, how can I make up for it in both cases?

Answer: It is permissible for you not to fast in Ramadaan if you have an illness that makes Sawm difficult or impossible for you. Then, you can compensate for the days of Sawm that you missed whenever possible, even if another Ramadaan passes, because you have an excuse for delaying this compensation. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Should the patient and the traveler observe Sawm or they have Rukhsah not to do?

Question: Shaykh Muhammad Mutawallee Al-Sha`raawee, may Allaah safeguard him, said about the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) nos. 183-184 in Soorah (Qur’aanic chapter) Al-Baqarah that any one who is ill or on a journey must not observe Sawm (Fast) and must compensate for that missed Sawm. But he affirmed that this applies to any kind of illness, even if Sawm causes the patient no harm and constitutes no threat upon him. He also said that no traveller should observe Sawm and must compensate for the days that he missed. He took evidence from what Allaah (Glorified be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. He says: “The same number of days”, which means making up for the missed days, and not “and if they did not observe Sawm, then the same number of days”.

In short, he said that any one who is ill or on a journey must not fast and must compensate for the missed days, taking evidence from the word: “The same number of days must be made up for from other days”. So, it is affirmed that this must be done whether or not the patient or the traveler observes Sawm. What is the ruling on this?

Is it right that any one who is ill or on a journey must not observe Sawm, taking evidence from this Aayah?

Answer: Any person who is ill and finds it difficult to observe Sawm, or who is on a journey, has Rukhsah (concession) not to observe Sawm on the daytime of Ramadaan, according to what Allah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. However, if they observe Sawm, then it is valid, according to the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that: Hamzah Ibn `Amr Al-Aslamee (may Allaah be pleased with him) asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): Shall I fast while travelling? And, he used to fast a lot. He said: You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish. (Related by the Six Hadeeth Compilers [Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee, and Ibn Maajah])… read more here.

An old woman who lost her memory, should she fast?

Question: Through this letter, I would like to inform you that my mother has now reached miserable old age, where she is unaware of anything regarding religion or worldly affairs. She can only recognize my voice. She cannot differentiate night from day, nor can she recognize anything else. The matter of the obligation of Sawm (fast) on her bewilders me. Is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) obligatory on her, since she is so disabled that she cannot carry out any of the pillars of Islaam? It should be known that this is not due to negligence, laziness, or Kufr (disbelief) on her part. Rather, this is due to old age.

Please give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar). Is it obligatory on us to feed the poor on her behalf? May Allaah guide you and grant you success.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, your mother owes nothing, since she is no longer Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions), because she lost her memory as a result of her old age… read more here.

Should an old woman who can not perform the acts of worship properly feed the poor?

Question: My mother suffers Alzheimer disease which makes her forgetful and can recognize neither the relatives nor times, such as the month of Ramadan. Last Ramadaan, for example, she did not fast. Moreover, she is feeble in the sense that she cannot eat food enough to enable her to fast. Is it obligatory on her to fast? What should she do regarding the past Ramadaan that she did not fast? What should she do regarding Salaah (Prayer), as she cannot recognize their due times and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer), but she performs Salaah according to her estimation? Please give us a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: If the condition of this woman is as mentioned in the question, it is obligatory on her neither to perform Salah nor fast, since, as mentioned in this case, she is not accountable for her actions. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There are three whose actions are not recorded: an insane person until he is restored to sanity, a sleeper until he awakens, and a boy until he reaches puberty. The person whose mind became disordered has the same ruling as an insane person… read more here.

Should the sons of an old divorced woman, who cannot observe Sawm feed the poor as expiation on her behalf?

Question: Since my mother cannot endure Sawm (Fast) due to her permanent feebleness, she has not been observing Sawm during Ramadaan for the past twenty years. During this period, she would feed a poor person as expiation for each day wherein she broke her Sawm. Three years ago, she was divorced by my father. Now she is under the sponsorship of both me and my brother who does not live with us in the same house. As we have limited income, is it obligatory on her to feed the poor as expiation, or should we do this on her behalf? It should be known that she has no financial resources. What is the amount of food that should be given to a poor person as expiation for each day? Should the amount of Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) that is due on her be paid by all of us, or does it suffice that one of us pays it on her behalf?

Answer: You should feed, on behalf of your mother who cannot endure Sawm permanently,a poor person an amount of one and a half kilograms of the prevailing food of the country as expiation for each day wherein she broke her Sawm. It suffices that this be done by any of you. The same applies to Zakaat al-Fitr, i.e., it suffices that any of you should pay it on her behalf… read more here.

An old man who can neither observe Sawm nor perform Wudoo’

Question: My father is very old and is unable to stand without my help. He was not able to observe Sawm (Fast) in the current Ramadaan. He usually performs Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) to offer Salaah (Prayer), as he is not able to perform Wudoo’ (ablution). He offers Salaah either while sitting glorying on his side. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: First, If your father is unable to observe Sawm due to his old age, he should feed one Miskeen (needy person) an amount of about one half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of dates, wheat, or similar staple food of the country for each day on which he breaks Sawm… read more here.

Is there a fixed age for old people to be permitted not to observe Sawm?

Question: What is the age that if reached by old people makes it permissible for them not to observe Sawm (Fast) of the blessed month of Ramadaan and to feed the poor instead? How should they feed the poor, i.e., should they do so at the end of Ramadaan or day by day?

Answer: There is no fixed age at which old people are permitted not to observe Sawm. Rather, it depends on the permanent inability to observe Sawm. To put it in plain words, if one cannot endure Sawm due to being old, it is permissible for him not to fast and to feed a poor person (as expiation) for every day (wherein he breaks Sawm) half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the common food of the country. It is also permissible for him to give out all the fifteen Saa`s at the beginning of Ramadaan… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast during the postpartum period out of ignorance

Question: A woman missed out the fast of Ramadaan in two yearsdue to her coincidently being in the postpartum period. This was fifteen years ago, and she did not know that she must make up for them. What should she do now? Kindly, take into consideration that she cannot fast due to an illness.

Answer: If her present illness is curable, then as soon as she recovers from it, she should make up for these two months in which she had broken her fast in their order. Along with this, she must pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast; i.e., she should feed a needy person for each day. If her illness is incurable, she should feed a needy person for each day on which she had broken the fast in replacement of the fast. She should also offer a Kaffaarah for each day of the two months, due to her delay in making up for the fast… read more here.

Undergoing abortion operation and observing Sawm while bleeding

Question: I was three months pregnant and I had an abortion ten days before Ramadaan. When Ramadaan started, I was still bleeding as a result of the abortion, but I observed Sawm (Fast) on the assumption that the blood was only Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). This is because the third month of pregnancy had not finished. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman’s obligation to make up for missed days of fast and not to feed the needy by Ijmaa`

Question: We read in some Islamic books that when a newly delivered, breastfeeding, or pregnant woman breaks her fast in Ramadaan, she must make up for the days on which she breaks her fast. However, I read in the book entitled, Tuhfah Al-`Aroos that a woman who has just delivered, is breastfeeding, or pregnant does not have to make up for her missed days of fast, and she should only offer Fidyah (ransom).

This view is reinforced by a Hadeeth that reads: When the pregnant and breastfeeding women break their fast, they have to offer Fidyah and do not have to make up for the days in which they broke fast . (Reported by Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbaas) The author of Tuhfah Al-`Aroos is Mahmood Mahdee Al-Istanbullee, and the above quote is mentioned in page 302.

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

Fasting for fifteen days, then discovering bleeding which is not of the monthly period

Question: My wife was two months pregnant when Ramadaan started, and she fasted for fifteen days, then she had non-menstrual bleeding for seven days, but she continued to fast and pray. Afterwards, she had miscarriage and did not fast for the rest of the month, Is her fasting before the miscarriage valid despite the bleeding? Or, does she have to compensate for it? Please inform us with the right legal opinion, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman making up for the missed days of fast

Question: My wife broke her fast in some days during Ramadan due to her childbirth. I keep advising her to make up for these days, and she usually expresses her willingness to do so. However, she does not fulfil her promise; she would observe the fast for a couple of days and then abandon it. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, your wife is obligated to make up for the days on which she broke her fast in Ramadaan due to her delivery. It is not permissible for her to delay making up for them until the next Ramadaan. If she does so with no excuse, she would be sinful and must repent to Allaah. Accordingly, she should start making up for them immediately and offer Kaffaarah (expiation) to compensate for her negligence, i.e., she should feed a needy person about one and half a kilo of rice or any other staple food of the country for each day… read more here.

Making up for the missed days of fast by a newly-delivered, a pregnant, or a breastfeeding woman

Question: My paternal grandmother asked me to send this question to you, in which she says:

Forty years ago, I gave birth to a baby girl during the blessed month of Ramadaan, and I have not made up for the days on which I broke my fast until now, due to my being preoccupied with worldly affairs and my ignorance of religious matters. When I came to know about religious matters and obligations, I realized my shortcoming for not making up for the days on which I broke my fast. Now I am about eighty years old and I enjoy good health.

My question is: Is it permissible for me to make up for the fast of that month after such long period or not? If yes, should I only fast or combine the fast with feeding? And in case I should do both, should the feeding be at the end of every day I fast or to be done collectively at the end of the month?

Answer: Your grandmother should make up for the days on which she broke her fast during Ramadaan, and seek Forgiveness of Allaah (Exalted be He). She should also feed a poor person in compensation for every day she misses fasting, by giving out about half Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, due to her negligence of making up for the fast. It is permissible for her to feed the needy before or after fasting, jointly or separately, even if it is all given to one poor person… read more here.

A newly-delivered, a pregnant, or a breastfeeding woman making up for the missed days of fast

Question: My wife gave birth to a baby during the last ten days of Ramadaan, and so she broke her fast on some of these days. But she did not make up for these days, out of negligence and ignorance, until the next Ramadaan. Kindly guide us, what should she do now? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Your wife should make up for the days on which she broke her fast in Ramadaan, and should also pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast. She must pay half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx) of wheat, date, rice, or similar staple food of the country… read more here.

Delaying making up for the missed days of Sawm due to being in post-partum period

Question: I am a woman who believes in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and all praise is due to Allaah for this. I observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan, and I may not fast some days because of an Islaamically lawful excuse that Allaah (Exalted be He) permits for women, and I make up for these days after Ramadaan. But one year, Ramadaan coincided with my being in a post-partum period, and I intended to make up for the days that I missed after that period ended; that is, when the time of ritual purification comes; but I could not fast because I was breastfeeding my baby. Also, I live in a very hot region, and there are many domestic duties that I have to do. As for breastfeeding, however, there are many alternatives which help me feed the baby.

The Second Issue: After four months from the end of the post-partum period, Allaah (Exalted be He) granted me a baby as I became pregnant, so my fear of observing Sawm increased. Do I have to feed the poor or should I compensate in this case? And, if I have to feed the poor, please inform me how this should be done?

Answer: This woman must make up for the days that she did not observe Sawm in Ramadaan during her post-partum period, and she also has to feed one Miskeen (needy) for delaying the compensation till the following Ramadaan. The amount that should be given to each Miskeen is one and a half kilos of rice or wheat, and so on, of the country’s staple food. She must also seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for her excessive delaying of Sawm, and there is nothing wrong with bringing out the food all at once before, after, or during compensation… read more here.

A woman did not make up for the days of Ramadaan she failed to fast due to her being in her post-partum period

Question: Twenty-seven years ago, my mother gave birth to a baby in Ramadaan and she could not fast the days of this month. When she wanted to make up for the days she had missed, my father told her that she is not obligated to do so. However, we heard that she must make up for the missed days of fasting, and now we would like to know your opinion on what should my mother and my father do in this case?

Answer: Your mother must make up for the days of fasting she had missed due to her childbirth. Besides, she also must feed a needy person for everyday she missed as Kaffaarah (expiation) for delaying her making up for the fasting. Your father should seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for what he mistakenly said to her without having sound knowledge, and he should not repeat such an action. And Allaah knows best… read more here.

A mother delaying making up for missed days of Sawm due to breastfeeding

Question: Last Ramadaan, my mother was in her postpartum period, and after Ramadaan she was breastfeeding. She wanted to make up for the missed Sawm (Fast), but she feared for her baby. She could not offer Kaffaarah (expiation), until this Ramadaan came. Please guide us. What should she do concerning the last Ramadaan, bearing in mind that she is fasting this Ramadaan. Is it permissible for her sons to fast on her behalf or should she offer Kaffaarah, and if so, how? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother has to make up for the days on which she broke her Sawm during the past Ramadaan, even if this is after the next Ramadaan. There is no Kaffaarah due on her, because she did not overlook making up her Sawm, and she just delayed this due to breastfeeding her baby… read more here.

A pregnant woman fasting in spite of her bleeding

Question: A woman’s fetus remained in her uterus for six months. On the eighth day of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she bled but the blood was no more than the amount of a cup of tea discharged from her. This bleeding continued day after day. On the twenty-eighth day of Ramadaan, the fetus was taken out from her uterus (by a medical operation).

The question is: Should this woman make up for the days on which bleeding occurred? Bear in mind that she fasted the days before the miscarriage and did not break her fast till the fetus was taken from her uterus. Please advise us, may Allaah safeguard you.

Answer: The woman in question does not have to make up for fast. This is because the bleeding was not menstruation or postpartum blood. However, if the bleeding occurred one, two, or three days before the miscarriage, and there were signs of labor, then it is considered postpartum blood and fast is invalid in such case… read more here.

Does the discharge of a drop of blood while taking pills affect the validity of Sawm and `Umrah?

Question: Because I was planning to go to Makkah, I took contraceptive pills in order to delay the coming of my regular menstrual period. Since my period was due on 22/9/1420 A.H., I took the pills two weeks before that date. On 20/9/1420 A.H, I noticed a small brownish blood drop, which thence continued to fall once every day until I stopped taking the pills on the second day of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking the Fast), yet I continued to observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan. Two days later, I had my actual menstrual period.

My question is: Is my observance of Sawm during Ramadaan as mentioned above valid? I also fasted six days after `Eed-ul-Fitr; can these days compensate for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan? If those intermittent blood drops I used to notice was not menstrual, is my Sawm in the six days valid for the recommended Sawm during the month of Shawwal?

Note: I was ritually pure when embarking on with the intention of making `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) at the Meeqaat (one of the specified destinations for entering into the ritual state for making Hajj or `Umrah). In fact, I noticed the brownish blood drop referred to in my question only after finishing all the rites of `Umrah. Is my `Umrah valid in this case, or was it invalidated because of such discharge? Give me a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, your observance of Sawm during Ramadaan is valid and this discharge does not affect the validity of your acts of worship such as Sawm, Salaah (Prayer), and the like. Accordingly, you do not have to make up for the days of Ramadaan… read more here.

Fasting in case of menstrual disorder

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has viewed the Fatwa that His Eminence, the Grand Muftee, has received from His Eminence the Chairman of Faifa Organization Center: Muhammad ibn `Alee Al-Faifee, under no. 97, dated 16/6/1419 A.H., that was transferred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, under no. 3825, dated 21/6/1419 A.H. His Eminence required the consideration of the Fatwa request that was presented to him by a questioner, to which was attached his letter that reads as follows: To the respected Chairman of Faifa Organization Center, Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). I present this letter to you so as to tell you that I have a daughter who is 18 years old, and she has a psychological disease. She did not fast 12 days in Ramadaan, 1418 A.H., and whenever she fasted, she had her menstrual period again. Please send my question to the responsible authorities. May Allaah Grant you success. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh.

Answer: After studying the Fatwaa request, the Committee replied that this woman must start compensating for the days that she missed last Ramadaan, by assuming that the duration of her menstruation is the same as the duration that she was used to before the disturbance of her menstruation; so she must spend this period without fasting or offering Salaah (Prayer), and without having sexual intercourse with her husband, if she is married… read more here.

Does bleeding outside the monthly period prevent from observing Sawm?

Question: My wife observed Sawm (Fast) during the recommended six days in Shawwaal. During these days, she noticed some vaginal bleeding, but not menstrual blood. This blood she notices resulted from taking contraceptive pills. Is her Sawm permissible in this case? Please advise us on this question.

Answer: If your wife experienced vaginal bleeding on days outside her regular menstrual period, which does not have the characteristics of menstrual blood, then most probably it was irregular bleeding that is caused by taking the contraceptive pills. This blood falls under the same ruling as Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.

Observing Sawm while discharging Kudrah without blood due to taking pills

Question: In Ramadaan of the years 1416 and 1417 A.H., I took pills to stop the menstrual period. But I noticed that after approximately ten days, there were Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation) and Sufrah (yellow vaginal discharge during or after menstruation) fluids still being emitted. The discharge was sometimes light brown, sometimes yellow, and sometimes tended to be black in color. But I fasted because the menstrual bleeding did not occur until the night of `Eed Al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). Was my Sawm (Fast) in these days valid? If it was not valid, what should I do, bearing in mind that I did not count the number of days of Sawm I might have missed? I strove hard to count them but I failed. Should I offer Kaffaarah (expiation) instead? Please give me a Fatwaa on this question. May Allaah reward you and benefit others through your knowledge.

Answer: If Kudrah and Sufrah were emitted on days outside those of your menstrual period, then these secretions are not of your menstruation, and a woman in this situation may normally offer Prayer and observe Sawm… read more here.

aliftaFatwas on Scribd (Digital Library) || Free eFatwas

aliftaFatwas on Scribd (Digital Library) || Free eFatwas

Al-Hamdu Li-Allaahi Who made it possible for us to begin this project and to launch aliftaFatwas on Scribd as well, the biggest Digital Library on the Internet. We keep updating it on daily basis. We ask Allaah to accept this from us! May call Allaah keep us upon the Siraat Al-Mustaqeem!

@aliftaFatwas

[Book] Fataawaa Islaamiyyah | The Permanent Committee of Scholars, KSA

Bookset Description:Fataawaa Islaamiyyah’. Islaamic verdicts from the noble scholars: Shaykh Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah bin Baaz, Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-Uthaymeen, Shaykh Abdullaah bin Abdur-Rahmaan al-Jibreen, along with The Permanent Committee, and resolutions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy of the Muslim World League. Compiled by Muhammad bin Abdul Azeez Al-Musnad

[Book] Islaamic Fataawaa Regarding the Muslim Child | The Permanent Committee of Scholars, KSA

Book Description: ‘Islaamic Fataawaa Regarding the Muslim Child’

More than 150 Fataawaa concerning the Muslim Child answered by: Shaykh ‘Abd Al-‘Azeez Ibn ‘Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz, Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah Ibn ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan Ibn Al-Jibreen, Shaykh Saalih Ibn Fawzaan Al Fawzaan and The Permanent Committee for the Scholarly Ressearch and Iftaa’.

[Book] Islaamic Verdicts Regarding Those Who Mock Islaam and its Followers | The Permanent Committee of Scholars, KSA

Book Description: ‘Islaamic Verdicts Regarding Those Who Mock Islaam and its Followers’. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, A person utters a word thoughtlessly (without considering its implications good or bad) and, as a result of this, he will be thrown into the hell-fire deeper than the distance between East and West.

This book is a compilation of rulings by the leading scholars of the century regarding those who mock Islaam and the Muslims.

By Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem Aal Al-Shaykh, Shaykh ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan Ibn Naasir Sa’dee, Shaykh ‘Abd Al-‘Azeez ‘Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz, Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-Uthaymeen, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah bin ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan Al-Jibreen, Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, and The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research & Iftaa’ (Al-Lajnah Al-Daa`imah)

[Book] Moderation and Its Influence on the Muslims’ Lives | Al-Shaykh Saalih Ibn ‘Abd Al-‘Azeez Al-Shaykh, KSA

Book Description: ‘Moderation and Its Influence on the Muslims’ Lives’ by His Excellency: Al-Shaykh Saalih Ibn ‘Abd Al-‘Azeez Al-Shaykh, KSA

Published 2001 by Ministry of Islaamic Affairs, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh, Under Secretariat for Publications and Research, Ministry of Islaamic Affairs, Endowments, Da’wah and Guidance.

 

A nursing mother observing Sawm

Question: I have a one-month old baby girl. Ramadaan came and I still breastfeed her. Is it permissible for me to offer Sawm (Fast) or should I break it?

Answer: If the breastfeeding woman fears any harm for herself if she breast-feeds her baby in Ramadaan, or fears any harm for her baby if she fasts and does not breastfeed her, then it is permissible for her to break her Sawm and she only has to make up for the days she has missed… read more here.

The continuation of blood after Tahaarah due to taking contraceptive pills

Question: I use contraceptive pills especially in Ramadaan in order to maintain the state of Tahaarah (ritual purity) during Ramadaan. Having taken them only in the middle of the month of Sha`baan, my menstrual period started at the beginning of Ramadaan and lasted for six days after which I performed post-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) so that I can resume the state of Tahaarah and observe Sawm (Fast) for the remainder of Ramadaan. To my surprise, two days later I noticed some blood drops and secretions that are different in color and texture form menstrual blood. Please, be informed that I have an intrauterine device and that I kept observing Sawm even during the days when the blood drops were seen. Should I make up for these days?

Answer: If the matter is as you have mentioned, your Sawm and Salaah (Prayer) are valid. As for the blood drops and secretions you noticed after your menstruation is over, these are not of your menstruation blood. However, under such a condition, you should perform Wudoo’ (ablution) for each Salaah as the case with Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period) and urinary incontinence… read more here.

If a menstruating woman becomes pure before night, should she abstain from all that breaks fast?

Question: Should a woman observe fast and abstain from all that breaks it in Ramadaan, if her menstruation ends and she becomes Taahir (ritually pure) after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer or after Thuhr (Noon) Prayer? Or must she not observe the fast in this circumstance, because the duration of fast is from the break of the dawn until sunset?

Answer: If menstruation ends and a woman becomes Taahir after the time when abstention from all that breaks Sawm enters, whether this occurs at the beginning of the day, in the middle of it, or at its end, then she has to abstain from all that breaks fast the rest of the day. This is according to the Saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadaan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that monthread more here.

Delaying making up for the days of Sawm missed intending to make up for them collectively

Question: For four years, I have not made up for the days of Sawm (Fast) of the Ramadaan that I missed when I was menstruating. I am 19-year-old now, and I started to observe Sawm during Ramadaan when I was 14 years old. Actually, I initially decided to observe Sawm for a complete month and thus collectively make up for the five days of fasting that I missed (due to menstruation) when their total reaches thirty days. Having grown up and known that doing so is impermissible, I was advised that I must make up for every day I missed in addition to feeding a poor person or paying a certain sum of money per day. However, it is beyond my financial capacity to feed a poor person or pay a certain sum of money per day, as I am still a student and fully supported by my father. It is noteworthy that I changed my plan, and this year I made up for the missed days of Sawm (due to menstruation) in the last Ramadaan. What do you advise me to do in this regard? May Allaah reward and safeguard you?

Answer: The ruling is that you should make up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan during the past years, in addition to feeding a poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country for each day. But, if it is beyond your ability to feed a poor person, it will remain as a debt on you till the time you can fulfil it. However, paying a certain sum of money instead does not discharge the liability… read more here.

A woman does not become purified from menstruation until finding the white discharge

Question: My wife performed after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on the first day of Ramadan, but she observed fast before doing this Ghusl. Is her fast on that day valid? Sometimes, after she performs after-menstruation Ghusl, some drops of blood are still seen. In this case, should she repeat the after-menstruation Ghusl?

Answer: A woman should perform after-menstruation Ghusl when her menstrual blood has completely stopped; that is, she sees the sign of Tuhr (purity from menstruation or postpartum blood, i.e. seeing the white discharge or seeing no blood traces). As long as some menstrual blood is still seen, even if it is little, a woman is still considered menstruating, except when the menstrual period exceeds the maximum time, i.e. Fifteen days… read more here.

Taking contraceptive pills to prevent the monthly period during Ramadan

Question: My wife uses contraceptive pills. During the month of Ramadaan this year, she continued taking the pills until the end of the month, as she did not wish to break her fast. Should she make up for the days of her regular menstrual period? In fact, she remained clear from the menses for the whole month, and her monthly period appeared only four days after Ramadaan. Has she to make up for the days she would have her period, and in which she did not break fast?

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, that your wife did not menstruate during the days of Ramadaan because of using contraceptive pills, then she need not make up for these days… read more here.

Ruling on bleeding outside the monthly period

Question: I am a young woman. My monthly period usually lasts for only five days. Once, it came before the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month), on which I usually observe fasting, all praise be to Allaah. I intended to observe fasting the first day of them, which coincided with the fifth and last day of my menstrual period, when I saw that the menstrual blood stopped. On that day, I proceeded with fasting until after Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, but I had to break the fasting because the menstrual blood resumed. On the second day of the White Days, I performed Ghusl (ritual bath) and intended to observe fasting. However, I noticed some bleeding, tending to be orange and sometimes red in color, still coming out. Yet, I did not break the fasting and continued it to the end of the day, putting my trust in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). The discharge did not stain my clothes, and I performed Ghuslonce again and changed my clothes. Also, on this second day of the White Days, at the time for `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, I went to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) and offer the two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) of Wudoo’ only to find the bleeding had once again resumed and it was brown in colour. This time, it stained my clothes. I performed Ghusl once again and continued fasting the rest of the day. What is the ruling on fasting this day? Is it invalid?

Answer: Your Sawm is valid because your usual period of menstruation was over, and the bleeding mentioned above is not judged as menstruation… read more here.

Not making up for missed days of Sawm till death

Question: My grandmother died while still had to make up for some missed days of Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan. However, she did not know exactly how many days she missed. She would break Sawm when she was menstruating, during her postpartum period, or when she was extremely tired. But, she did not make up for these missed days out of ignorance. By the time, she had learned the rulings of the Sawm she was already very old and unable to observe Sawm. She died (may Allaah have mercy on her) while still did not make up for these missed days. My mother does not know how many days her mother did not observe Sawm. Will it benefit my grandmother and make up for her missed days of Sawm that my mother observes Sawm on her behalf during the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month), along with Mondays and Thursdays, with the intention to dedicate the reward to her mother? Or will it benefit her if my mother makes an estimation of these days and offers Kaffaarah (expiation) for them along with observing Sawm?

Answer: If you are most certain that your grandmother did not make up for her missed Sawm, andshe told you so when she became old, then it is permissible for you to observe Sawm on her behalf with the intention of making up for her missed days of Sawm… read more here.

The Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge) as a part of menstruation entailing breaking Sawm

Question: I had my menses during Ramadaan. Actually, it has a regular pattern of six days. However, last Ramadaan it continued for only five days and I had doubts regarding its continuation to the sixth day. On the sixth day, at 6 A.M., I got up to find no bleeding but Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). I was unsure whether my period had already ended before or after dawn. Now, what should I do in this a case? Should I make up for the fast of the day I doubted? Please, be informed that I took Ghusl (ritual bath) and offered Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, and I abstained from eating and drinking since 4 A.M., that is, before seeing the Kudrah. Praise be to Allaah, I continued fasting that day and on the subsequent days without noticing any bleeding except for the Kudrah.

Answer: Your regular pattern of menstruation lingers for six days and the Kudrah is part of your menstruation period, and you did not see the white discharge, which indicates that the period was over. Now, you should make up for the sixth day on which you fasted, as it is a continuation of your menstrual period… read more here.

Breaking fast because she noticed traces of blood, as if her periods had began

Question: My menstrual period always comes every thirty-two days. On 15th of last Sha`baan, I got my period and I was supposed to get the following period on 17th Ramadaan. However, on that particular day after `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer I noticed traces of blood, and therefore, I ate an olive. Thereafter, I did not have any blood, and thus, I fasted and Prayed until the 29th night of Ramadaan.

Answer: You should make up for the day you broke your Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan by mistake, because that was not an excuse for breaking your Sawm or abandoning Salaah (Prayer)… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of Sawm due to menstruation from puberty to menopause

Question: A woman says that since she reached puberty until she reached menopause she has not made up for the days of Sawm (Fast) which she missed during Ramadaan due to the monthly period, and she is now in her menopause. She said that the reason for not making up for these days was that she used to think that she was not required to make up for the missed Salaah (Prayer) or for the missed days of Sawm. Now, she found out that she has to make up for the missed days of Sawm, but she does not know the number of days she missed due to the passage of many years. What should she do now with respect to all the days that she did not fast in Ramadaan, taking into consideration that this happened due to her ignorance of the ruling and her unawareness of it?

Answer: It is incumbent upon this woman to make up for the days she did not observe Sawm in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty until her menopause. She should exert efforts to estimate the number of days she missed during Ramadaan within the past years… read more here.

Delaying making up for the missed days of Sawm until the following Ramadaan

Question: When I was fourteen years old, I had the monthly period and I did not tell my family about it. In Ramadaan, I did not fast for five days and did not make up for them. I did the same thing for three years. When I got married I made up for these days, but I did not pay expiation for them. Am I obligated to pay expiation for breaking my Sawm (Fast) in those days?

Answer: It is an obligation upon a woman who starts getting her monthly period to fast Ramadaan. Not making up for the missed days of Sawm due to menstruation is a mistake committed by the questioner, and she should repent to Allaah from that… read more here.

[Book] Islaamic Rulings Regarding The Qur’aan | The Permanent Committee of Scholars, KSA

Islaamic Rulings Regarding The Qur'aan

Description of this book:

This book is a comprehensive collection of rulings regarding The Book Of Allaah, issued by some of the most reputable scholars of this age. Within the pages of this book you will find answers to issues such as:

Highlights of the Topics:

• Can you recite the Qur’aan as a group?

• Is it allowed to kiss the Qur’aan?

• Is it necessary to be in a state of Wudoo’ whilst reciting the Qur’aan?

• Is it permissible to pray behind someone who recites incorrectly?

• What is the ruling on decorating the walls with posters that contain aayaat of the Qur’aan?

• Can you recycle pages of the Qur’aan?

• Can you take the Qur’aan into the bathroom?

• May a woman recite the Qur’aan while she is menstruating? 

And much more…