Making up for fasting and intentionally missed salaah

Question: We know that menstruation invalidates fasting; and when it endsand a woman has performed Ghusl (ritual bath), then she can resume fasting. She also has to make up for the missed days of fasting. However, there is a woman who performed Ghusl upon noticing that her menstruation blood ceased. But after performing Ghusl, her menstruation restarted again and remained for one more day and stopped. This time she did not perform Ghusl, and yet she fasted for six days after that. Is her fasting for these six days valid or invalid? If it is not valid, is her fasting without performing Ghusl judged as one who does not fast intentionally, bearing in mind that her intention was not to violate the rulings of Islaamic law? If her fasting of those six days is judged like one who intentionally does not fast, and she is poor, then she is obligated to fast for sixty consecutive days. This ruling applies when one does not fast for one day intentionally, then how about missing six days of fasting?

Answer: The menstruating woman is not to perform Ghusl until the bleeding completely ceases and she notices that she is clear from any blood. But, if she performs Ghusl before becoming pure and the complete cessation of blood, and then the bleeding resumes, this blood is considered part of her monthly period, as long as the period of menstruation does not exceed fifteen days. Based on this, the first Ghusl which she performed is not valid, and the day in which the bleeding resumed was part of her monthly period. As such, she had to perform Ghusl after the blood has completely ceased… read more here.

The person who must make up for fast missed till becoming old or disabled

Question: I am a woman. Due to an illness, I could not fast the month of Ramadaan eight years ago. Now I am aware that it is an obligation upon me to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan. I desire to comply with the Islaamic law and make up for these days, but I can not due to a pectoral disease, which affects my health very much. My question is: Can I feed sixty needy people instead of the fast, or am I required to fast and feed the needy? Can the expiation be given as money instead of food?

Also, I have a brother who deliberately did not fast one day of Ramadaan about six years ago with no legal excuse, and now he wants to make up for this missed day. However, some people told him that it is impossible to make up for this day even if one is to fast the rest of his life. Given this, he has not made up for it until now.

Please provide me with Fatwaa’ regarding these questions. I am very frustrated and I direly need your guidance. May Allaah reward you greatly.

Answer: You must make up for the number of days of fast which you had missed in the month of Ramadaan eight years ago, and you should also ask Allaah’s (Exalted be He) Forgiveness for this sin. Moreover, you are obligated to feed a needy person by giving him half of a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) from the staple food of your country in lieu of every day you make up for.. read more here.

Fasting while menstruating or during postpartum period

Question: I am an elderly uneducated woman, and in the past before getting acquainted with the opinions of Muslim jurists and the media, such as Radio, whenever I had my monthly period or post-partum bleeding during the daytime of Ramadaan, I would continue fasting and would not make up for these days. I thought that it was not obligatory on me to make up for the fast when I have my menses or during post-partum bleeding, in the same way I do not have to make up for Prayer. I continued doing this for many years, but now I am aware that I am obligated to make up for the missed days of fast which I missed. However, I cannot do this for several reasons:

Firstly: I do not know the number of days of fast which I had missed.

Secondly: I cannot do fast due to my old age and my physical inability.

I, like many other Muslim women, am in this situation due to our ignorance. We ask Allaah, the Most Merciful, to pardon us.

Answer: Firstly: You are obligated to make up for all the days of fast, during which you were menstruating and were having post-partum bleeding. Fasting while menstruating or during post-partum bleeding was invalid… read more here.

Not observing Sawm due to the lack of food

Question: Some years ago, we were going through a time of severe deprivation to the point that I could not fast. I had nothing to live on except for water. What am I required to do?

Answer: You have to make up for the days of fasting which you had missed during Ramadaan. In addition, you have to feed a Miskeen (needy) person for each day you missed. You have to give him half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food in your country. However, it is enough to observe Sawm if you are incapable of feeding him… read more here.

Not making up for the days of fasting missed by a menstruating woman

Question: A woman used to break her fast during her monthly period in Ramadaan, but she would neither make up for the missed days of fasting nor for the missed Prayers. However, she was ignorant of the legal ruling in this regard. What should she do now, taking into consideration that she was doing this out of ignorance? Please provide us with a legal Fatwaa’ on this matter, may Allaah reward you greatly!

Answer: She is obligated to make up for the number of the days of fasting she had missed in Ramadaan due to menstruation, whether this happened in one year or a number of years. In addition, she must feed a needy person as an expiation along with making up of the days of fasting she had missed. The expiation is giving this person half of a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 KG Approx) from the staple food of the country, if she can afford it. However, if she cannot afford it, then fasting alone will be sufficient… read more here.

Menstruating or newly delivered women delaying making up for the missed days of Ramadaan

Question: Some women do not make up for the days of fasting they have missed in the month of Ramadaan until some years later. For instance, a woman may happen not to fast the month of Ramadaan of 1410 A.H due to illness or being in post-partum period. She postpones making up for this Ramadaan until after Ramadaan of 1411 AH. Other women do not make up for the days they missed at all. They give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) instead of fasting. I hope Your Eminence will guide us towards the right view in this regard. May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you.

Answer: Firstly, If a woman breaks her fasting during Ramadaan on account of menstruating, being in post-partum period, or falling ill, she will be required to make up for the days of fasting she had missed after Ramadaan is over. This is provided that her condition has changed and the legal excuse for which she broke the fast is cleared… read more here.

Is the Sawm valid if menstruating after Iftaar?

Question: If a woman became menstruating in Ramadaan after Iftaar (breaking Fast) and before the `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah. Is she obligated to make up for this day, or is her Fast valid?

Answer: The Fast of a woman who became menstruating after sunset and before `Ishaa’ Prayer is valid for that day, which she has already fasted. She is not obligated to make up for it later… read more here.

Where should a person in Salaah place his hands after rising from Rukoo`?

All praise be to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family, and Companions. Many people from here and abroad inquire about the position of placing the hands after Rukoo` (bowing). Thus, I opine to give a detailed answer for this out of sincere advice for Muslims, to display the truth, clarify ambiguity, and propagate the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). In explanation, I can say that it was authentically established in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) that he used to place his right hand on his left forearm when he was standing in Salaah (Prayer) and that he (peace be upon him) used to command Muslims to do so.

It was stated by Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah be merciful to him) in his Saheeh Book of Hadeeth (in the chapter entitled placing the right hand upon the left one) that `Abdullaah ibn Maslamah reported from Maalik, from Aboo Hazim that Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in Salaah (Prayer). Aboo Hazim remarked: “I do not know except that he attributed it (i.e., the report) to the Prophet (peace be upon him).”

We can infer from this authentic Hadeeth that it an act of Sunnah to place the right hand upon the left one while standing in Salaah both before and after Rukoo` (bowing) through the fact that Sahl said that people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in Salaah. It is known that it is an act of Sunnah for the one who is performing Salaah to place the palms on the knees when in a state of Rukoo`, and to place them on the floor by his shoulders or his ears when in the state of Sujood (prostration), and to place them on both his thighs and knees while in both the states of sitting between the two prostrations and reciting Tashah-hud (a recitation in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) according to what is explained in the Sunnah of the Prophet in this regard. Thus, it is only the position of standing that is not mentioned. Accordingly, it is concluded from the report of Sahl that it is such position that is meant. Thus, it should be clear that it is an act of Sunnah for the one who is performing Salaah to place his right hand over his left forearm while in the state of standing up in his Salaah, whether standing both before or after performing Rukoo`, because it was not reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he differentiated between them as far as we know. As for a person who differentiates between them, he has to bring evidence for this… read more here.

A disciple ordered by a shaykh not to fast in Ramadaan without a valid legal excuse

Question: What is the ruling on a disciple whose shaykh ordered him not to fast in Ramadaan, though he is all fit and has no valid legal excuse to break the Fast? The disciple thinks that his shaykh will save him from Allaah’s Punishment, and that he is capable of atoning for his sin. What does Islaamic law say about abandoning the obligation of fasting? Benefit us, may Allaah reward you greatly.

Answer: It is prohibited to obey a person who directs towards disobeying Allaah, whether they happen to be a shaykh or anybody else. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

Breaking Fast on some days with no valid legal excuse

Question: Seven years ago, when I was about sixteen or seventeen years old, I used to fast in Ramadaan. But, I remember that I had broken my Fast on some days with no valid legal excuse. Thereupon, I regularly observe the Fast in the whole month of Ramadaan. What is the ruling on the days of fast I had missed?

Answer: You are obliged to make up for the days that you did not fast with no valid legal excuse. You must also turn to Allaah in repentance and ask Him to forgive your sin. You are also required to feed a Miskeen (needy person) for each day you had missed, because you delayed making up for the days you missed until some time later… read more here.

Making up for the Fast abandoned without a legal excuse

Question: There is a man who, for about ten years, regularly kept the fast of Ramadaan but deliberately broke the Fast for some days without a legal excuse. However, a few years ago, he repented of this sin to Allaah. What should he do now regarding the years in which he did not fast some days of Ramadaan, keeping into consideration that he had not made up for these days or counted the days which he missed fasting? It is noteworthy that he regretted having done these sins.

Answer: It is incumbent upon this person to do his best to make up for the days when he deliberately and inexcusably broke the Fast. Thus, he should fast the number of days which he is most sure he had missed in fasting. There is no prohibition in fasting these days separately… read more here.

Is Sawm observed by a person abandoning Salaah considered valid?

Question: Some people observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan, but they do not offer Salaah (Prayer). Will their Sawm be accepted by Allaah?

Answer: Allaah does not accept the Sawm of the people who abandon offering Salaah unless they turn to Allaah in repentance and start performing Salaah again. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: What stands between a Muslim and disbelief is his abandonment of Prayer. Allaah does not accept any good deed by the Kaafir (disbeliever)… read more here.

The Salaah abandoned intentionally or performed without ritual purity

Question: When I was a teenager, I regrettably neglected some Prayers while offering some other Prayers without ritual purity. However, my negligence of Prayer was not due to my denial of it as a religious obligation, but it was due to laziness and bad company. Moreover, I did not fast some days during Ramadaan.

Now, I have sincerely repented of this sin and regretted what Ihad done. My heart is now determined not to go back to my previous sins. Does sincere repentance obliterate the sins committed, or do I have to make up for the missed Prayers and fast days, taking into consideration that I do not know the number of Prayers which I missed nor the number of days which I did not fast?

Answer: It is an obligation upon the questioner to be truthful and sincere in his repentance of the sins he has committed, and to continue regularly offering Prayers and observe Fast in Ramadaan. On the other hand, the questioner is not obligated to make up for the missed Prayers or the missed days of Fast. According to the more preponderant of two opinions of Muslim scholars, whoever abandons prayers intentionally has committed a major disbelief… read more here.

The night spent in seeking Allaah’s Pleasure by performing Taraaaweeeh along with drinking lawful & unlawful drinks

Question: During Ramadaan some people are in the habit of gathering together from the time of Iftaar (breaking the Fast) until the time of Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast). They hire someone to recite the Noble Qur’aan for them and lead them in the `Ishaa (Night) Prayer and Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan). During the break, they have some drinks like tea and smoke the water pipe. Even the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) smokes cigarettes and makes amulets, which people believe to cure diseases. Moreover, they make Khatmah (one complete reading of the entire Noble Qur’aan) in Ramadaan and dedicate its reward to the dead. They describe this as a night spent in seeking the Pleasure of Allaah (Exalted be He). Furthermore, when a person dies, they hold a large marquee where people gather to listen to Noble Qur’an recitation and smoke cigarettes. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: It is obligatory to observe fasting during the blessed month of Ramadaan. It is also desirable to offer Taraaaweeeh Prayer at night. This was the regular practice of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions). One must not follow acts of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) which came to be practiced to Islaam after the demise of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah… read more here.

Opening a restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to serve meals to non-Muslims

Question: First, the Company where we work opens its restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to serve meals to non-Muslim employees. The evil consequences of such violation led some weak Muslims to break their Sawm (Fast) and share food with the non-Muslim. This happened last year, and the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (CPVPV) has been notified about a case that was filed against a Muslim who deliberately broke his fast in the above-mentioned restaurant during Ramadaan without a valid excuse.

Second: The workers at the restaurant are not permitted to offer the Thuhr (Noon) Prayer in congregation at the nearby Masjid (mosque) because they have to serve lunch for non-Muslims at that time. Therefore, they become busy preparing food in the restaurant for non-Muslims.

Third: We are extremely offended by the smell of food coming from the restaurant as we pray in the adjacent Masjid.

Fourth: All Sabic Companies, except ours, give permission to their non-Muslim employees to go home to have lunch. Our company is the only one that opens its restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan.

Fifth: The behavior of our Company stands as a blatant violation of the directions of our Muslim rulers, may Allaah safeguard them. They expressively warned against this violation through all forms of media.

We ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to help you find a solution to this problem. At least, we wish to help our Muslim brothers who work in this restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to be allowed to offer the Thuhr Prayer at its appointed time. As I have explained above, at the time of Thuhr Prayer, they are obliged to prepare lunch for non-Muslims, and hence can not offer the Prayer. May Allaah guide you to that which is right and most pleasing to Him!

Answer: It is not permissible to open the restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to prepare food for non-Muslims. This is because doing so may give rise to indulgence in grave prohibitions, such as assisting them in committing what Allaah (Exalted be He) has prohibited… read more here.

Ruling on holding a collective Iftaar gathering

Question: I heard from some Muslim brothers that the collective Iftaar (breaking the Fast), whether during the Month of Ramadaan or during a voluntary fasting, is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Is this true?

Answer: There is no harm in having collective Iftaar during Ramadaan or in any other month, as long as such a gathering is not perceived as a form of worship. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: No sin on you whether you eat together or apart. However, if it is feared that the collective Iftaar during voluntary fasting might include showing off and might be seen as an act of distinguishing the fasting people from those who are not fasting, then Iftaar in this way is reprehensible… read more here.

Which categories of fasting persons one gets rewarded for offering them Iftaar

Question: Which categories of fasting persons did the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourage offering them Iftaar (breaking the Fast) meal? Are they the poor, strangers, or guests whom we invite to have Iftaar mealat our home including family members and relatives? Are we rewarded for serving Iftaar to fasting persons to whom we extend a special invitation during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who offers a fasting person something to break their Sawm will earn the same reward as them, without diminishing in the slightest the reward of the one fasting. (Related by Al-Tirmithee)... read more here.

Desirability of breaking fast by eating dates and resuming Iftaar after offering the Maghrib salaah

Question: What are the Islaamic etiquettes one should follow when breaking the Fast? Many people take long time in eating until the time of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is over. They claim that Salaah (Prayer) should be delayed once the food is served. Is this claim true? What should one do when breaking the Fast? Does one have some dates first, then resume the Iftaar (breaking the Fast) after offering Salaah, or should one finish his Iftaar first and then offer Salaah?

Answer: The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is that the fasting person should break their Fast once they are sure that the sun has set. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Question: We cannot hear the Athaan (call to Prayer) because the Masjid (mosque) is far away from the place where we live. Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Answer: When you are most certain that the sun has already set or you think it has most likely set, as you are not positively sure of its setting,due to heavy clouds, then you may break your Sawm even if you are too far away from the Masjid to hear the Athaan. This is based on a Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (fast)?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until a long time after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan; for example, at 9 or 10 PM?

Answer: A fasting person should break Sawm immediately at sunset. This complies with the regular practice and words of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this regard, it is reported on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) In brief, delaying Iftaar (breaking Fast) until a long time after sunset does not conform to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet); rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.