Each country should begin Sawm upon sighting the new moon

Question: Is it lawful to start fasting Ramadaan in Mayotte Island, Comoros, on a day other than that on which Makkah Al-Mukarramah started fasting or not?

May you, please, cite the evidence for your answer? Also, is it lawful to offer the Prayer of `Eed Al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice) on a day other than that on which the `Eed Day is celebrated in Makkah Al-Mukarramah or not? Please cite the evidence of your answer, especially that in this season, like all previous seasons of fasting, the majority of the people of the Mayotte Islands started fasting on Monday, March 5, 2001 insteadof Tuesday, March 6, 2001, noting that our island is located on the same meridian as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, our sister Muslim Country.

Answer: It is obligatory for Muslims in each country to start and end fasting and to offer the Prayer of `Eed Al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and the Prayer of `Eed Al-Ad-haa upon sighting the related new moon in their respective countries. Otherwise, they are to calculate the respective month (Sha’baan, Ramadaan, or Thul-Qa`dah) as thirty days. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Fast when you see it (the new moon), and break your fast when you see it. If the weather is cloudy, calculate it, meaning calculate (the months of Sha’baan or Shawwaal as thirty days). In another wording of this Hadeeth, the second part of the conditional clause reads… read more here.

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