Question: A pregnant woman experienced a miscarriage one day during Ramadaan. Yet she continued observing Sawm (Fast) on this day. What is the ruling on the validity of Sawm on the day in question? On the same day after Iftar (breaking the Fast), she went to the hospital where she underwent an operation for cleaning her womb, which prevented her from observing Sawm on the next day.
What is the ruling on this case? Now after leaving the hospital, should she wait until she becomes pure from postpartum blood or should she observe Sawm? If she should not observe Sawm, how long should she wait? Should she only make up for these days or feed needy people as well?
Answer: If the miscarried fetus was somewhat formed into a human shape, that is, having limbs, such as hands, legs and the like, she should wait until she becomes pure from the postpartum blood or else she should wait for forty days, then she can take after-post-partum bleeding Ghusl (full ritual bath) and perform Salaah (Prayer). She must make up for the days of Ramadaan during which she did not observe Sawm. She does not have to feed the needy if she makes up for the missed days before next Ramadaan... read more here.