Question 131: We are a group of Bedouins living in the desert and the nearest available source of water is fifty kilometers away. We carry water on our vehicles for our families to use and our camels and cattle to drink. Is it obligatory on us to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) and Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity, although some houses are inhabited by ten or more people? Is it permissible for us to perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) instead? Please, answer us.
Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Allaah (Exalted be He) has made it obligatory to perform Wudoo’ and Ghusl when water is available, and He also made it obligatory to perform Tayammum when water is not available or when it is difficult to use due to an illness or the like. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.