Is it permissible to use Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) as a company’s logo?

Question 80: We noticed in the letters sent by Dar Al-Amanah Company that the logo of the company is “Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem [In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful]),”in addition to Allaah’s saying: Verily, Allaah commands that you should render back the trusts to those to whom they are due It is written in the form of a logo, and Allaah’s Name and the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) are written inversely in an ornamented style.

Is it permissible in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to use the Aayaat and Names of Allaah in this way? If it is not permissible, please warn the companies against writing the Aayaat in this way and using them for commercial or personal purposes. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: It is not permissible to use an Aayah as a company logo. The Qur’aan cannot be used as a title for a shop, as this entails disrespecting it... read more here.

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Is it permissible to print calendars having Aayaat written on them?

Question 79: Please be advised that we are going to make New Year calendars that include Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses). They are going to be distributed in every country around the world. Please advise whether it is permissible to write Aayaat on the calendars or not.

Answer: It is not permissible to write Aayaat on calendars. This exposes them to degradation, as the papers are eventually thrown on the ground or in the wastebasket... read more here.

Is it right that the Noble Qur’aan was revealed in seven Ahruf ?

Question 78: Is it right that the Glorious Qur’aan was revealed in seven Ahruf (modes of recitation) and why?

Answer: Yes, it is right that the Glorious Qur’aan was revealed in seven Ahruf. It was authentically reported on the authority of `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Verily, this Qur’aan has been revealed in seven Ahruf, so recite it in the way that is easiest for you. (Related by Imaam Ahmad, Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, Aboo Daawood, Al-Nasaa’ee and Al-Tirmidee) There are many Hadeeths related in this regard through different chains of transmissions and with different wording. We refer you to the first part of Tafseer of Ibn Jareer Al-Tabaree and the books on Qira’aat (recitation styles) to know what is exactly meant by seven Ahruf and the wisdom behind revealing the Qur’aan in them... read more here.

Giving a Mus-haf to a Kaafir who recently embraced Islaam

Question 77: One of my non-Muslim workers has converted to Islaam. A few hours later, he asked for a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) and a translation to read. After a few days, he asked to go and perform `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). Should I let him touch the Mus-haf and travel to Allaah’s Sacred Land, or wait a year or more until he becomes a true Muslim, and I am sure that has sincerely embraced Islaam?

Answer: If you are sure concerning his Islaam, it is permissible for you to give him a Mus-haf to read and accompany him to perform Hajj or `Umrah. You will be rewarded for this, In-shaa’ Allaah (if Allaah wills). The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Whoever calls others to follow guidance, their reward will be equivalent to those who shall follow them (in righteousness). And: Allaah helps His servant as long as the servant helps their fellow brothers.... read more here.

Is it permissible to sell a copy of the Qur’aan to disbelievers?

Question 76: As you know, we have a special place reserved for bookshops where religious and literary books are sold. During this period, the sales of the Noble Qur’aan to members of the American army have increased. Is it permissible to sell the Book of Allaah to those people despite the fact that around 99% of them are non-Muslims. When I asked them why they purchased the Qur’aan, some of them said they bought it for their Muslim friends in the USA while others took it as a souvenir. I hope you will tell me whether it is permissible to sell the Book of Allaah to them or not. Answer me, may Allaah benefit you.

Answer: It is not permissible to sell a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) to Kaafirs (disbelievers). It was authentically reported on the authority of `Abdullaah ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) forbade traveling with (a copy of the) Qur’aan to the land of the enemy. According to another narration, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: That is out of fear that the enemy will get hold of it [and tamper with it]. According to another narration, he (peace be upon him) said: I am afraid that it might fall into the hands of the enemy [and they tamper with it].... read more here.

Can non-Muslims be given a copy of the translation of the meanings of the Qur’aan?

Question 75: Is it permissible to give a non-Muslim who is interested in Islaam, but has not yet embraced it, a copy of the translation of the meanings of the Noble Qur’aan along with a copy of the entire Qur’aan such as those published at the King Fahd Qur’aan Printing Complex?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with giving a non-Muslim expected to convert to Islaam the books of Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) and the translation of the meanings of the Qur’aan in their language, even if the Qur’aan is separated from the Tafseer and translation, as the ruling in this case is associated with the Tafseer and translation... read more here.

Can the Jews and Christians touch the Qur’aanic pages?

Question 74: My friend owns a printing press and he has a non-Muslim employee working for him. Sometimes, the clients ask the non-Muslim employee to photocopy some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) to be placed in their books. So, my friend pulled out a part from the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). Is it permissible for thenon-Muslim employee to touch a page from the Mus-haf? It is worth mentioning that he touches a page and not the whole Mus-haf. If this is not permissible, what should my friend do if the clients insist on photocopying the Aayaat while it is not permissible for a non-Muslim to touch the Mus-haf? May Allaah safeguard you and keep you in good health, Aameeen.

Answer: It is not permissible for a non-Muslim to touch the Mus-haf to photocopy some of its pages for the clients... read more here.

Expired pre-paid phone cards are trodden, they bear the testimony of Tawheed

Question 73: Expired pre-paid phone cards are thrown on the streets. Sometimes, these cards are trodden on although they bear the testimony of Tawheed (monotheism). What is the legal ruling in this regard?

Answer: The deliberate disrespect or abuse of these cards on which any kind of Dikr (Remembrance of Allaah), Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), or Names of Allaah are written and throwing them away to be trodden upon is emphatically Haraam (prohibited).This may amount to Kufr (disbelief), because it is obligatory to glorify Allaah (Exalted be He), His Signs and Names. Allaah (Glorified be He) states read more here.

Are the Braille copies of the Qur’aan as sacred and inviolable as the Mus-haf ?

Question 72: Are the Mus-hafs (copies of the Qur’aan) written in Braille for the blind equally as sacred as those written in Arabic letters for those who can see?

Answer: It does not appear that the Mus-haf written in Braille has the same rulings of the Mus-haf written in Arabic letters... read more here.

How can one dispose of worn-out Mus-hafs (copies of the Qur’aan)?

Question 71: How can one dispose of worn-out Mus-hafs (copies of the Qur’aan)?

Answer: The worn-out Mus-hafs should be burned or buried in a pure place in order to protect them from desecration, as the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them)did with the copies they dispensed with when the Mus-haf was transcribed in the time of `Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him)... read more here.

Newspapers and magazines containing Qur’aanic Aayaat

Question 70: I often find clips of newspapers and magazines scattered in the streets and alleys in which the Name of Allaah or Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) are typed. Should I stop my car to gather these clips whenever I find them?

Answer: If you see some papers thrown in the street with the Name of Allaah or some Aayaat written on them, you should take them to a pure place or burn them... read more here.

Ruling on printing the trade name, “The family of `Abdul-Rahmaan” on plastic bags

Question 69: I own a series of stores in Khamis Mushait. We have printed our trade name, “The family of `Abdul-Rahmaan [the family of the slave of the Most Merciful]” on the plastic bags. However, a seeker of knowledge told us that this is not permissible as these bags might be thrown in unsuitable places. He also added that this is an act of Kufr (disbelief). All praise is due to Allaah, we did not mean to desecrate Allaah’s Name. On the contrary, we did this with good intentions as this has been our trade name since a long time ago. If this is an act of Kufr, we repent to Allaah from such an act.

We agreed to write to you seeking your opinion in this regard for we trust your knowledge.

Answer: You should change the trade name printed on the plastic bags because it includes one of the Exalted Names of Allaah which is Al-Rahmaan (the Most Merciful). Keeping the Name of Allaah as a trade name subjects it to desecration. It would be better for you to find another name that is free from this... read more here.

What is the ruling on writing the Exalted Name (Allaah) over the back of cars?

Question 68: Some calligraphers write the Exalted Name of Allaah on the back of the cars which are bound to get covered with dirt. Please give us a Fatwa on that so that we may know the truth.

Answer: It is not permissible for calligraphers, painters or others to write the Exalted Name of Allaah or one of His Magnificent Names and Attributes on the back of the car or whatsoever. Similarly, the owner of the car is not permitted to do this under any pretext, such as decoration, seeking blessing, using it as a means of reminding and admonition, or for any other purposes the common or ignorant people may think of. This is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) that has no origin in the Qur’aan or Sunnah, and Allaah did not prescribe it as an act of worship. Moreover, writing Qur’aan in this way involves insulting the Names and Attributes of Allaah and not keeping them away from inappropriate things. Perhaps, this leads the person to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) when he uses it as an amulet that brings about good and wards off evil merely by writing it... read more here.

Is it permissible to make copybooks and write Aayat-ul-Kursee on them?

Question 67: We want to prepare some school notebooks and write Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of Allaah’s Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) or some Adkaar (invocations and remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis) on their covers. These notebooks will be sold to students. Is this permissible?

Answer: It is not permissible to write the Qur’aan in a way that exposes it to insult. Writing an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) on the cover of school notebooks involves belittling the Qur’aan and exposing it to insult. These notebooks may be thrown away and end up in the trash or similar bad actions. Thus, it is not permissible for you to do so... read more here.

Quoting an aayah from the Noble Qur’aan when advertising the opening of a new supermarket

Question 66: I enclosed for Your Honor a clipping from a newspaper called Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah published last week. I noticed that one of the owners of a supermarket in Jeddah advertised the opening of a new branch by quoting an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse). It is the Aayah in Soorah Al-Fatah. I think that this is a misuse of the Qur’aan. I hope you will have a look at it in order to advise and guide legal authorities in particular, and companies and agencies in general,not to use Aayaat in advertisements in the future, if my opinion is correct.

Answer: It is not permissible to use the Glorious Qur’aan in marketing and advertisement materials to promote the sale of goods and so on, because this is considered abuse of the Qur’aan and using it in other than the purpose for which Allaah revealed it. It may also involve misrepresentation of the meanings of the Noble Qur’aan and quoting its Aayaat out of place, as in the case mentioned in the question. This Aayah was revealed regarding Al-Hudaybiyyah Treaty, and not to celebrate opening new shops and supermarkets. We must glorify the Noble Qur’aan by reciting, contemplating, understanding, and acting upon it, and avoiding abusing it and using it for commercial purposes... read more here.

Making 3D models of Aayaat and place them in public squares

Question 65: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ has studied the issue sent to His Honor the Grand Muftee from His Excellency the General Director of Awareness and Guidance Department under the General Presidency of the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (CPVPV), no. 9/2801, dated 1/6/1421A.H. The query which has been passed to them by the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, no. 3291, dated 18/6/1421. His Honor was asked the following:

As for the letter sent by the head of the authority in Jeddah concerning the spread of decorative models in the form of Aayaat (Qur’anic verses) that are placed in some plazas of the city of Jeddah; needless to mention that these models are exposed to many kinds of degradation, let alone using the glorious Aayaat for a purpose other than that for which they were revealed. I would like to acquaint you with a previous Fatwa issued from the Permanent Committee in this regard, no. 2078.

Due to its critical importance, we hope that this issue will be referred to His Honor, the Grand Muftee, for a final decision, and all necessary procedures will be taken accordingly.

Answer: It is not permissible to make three-dimensional models of the Aayaat, whether they are placed in houses, offices or public squares, for many reasons... read more here.

Writing the Two Shahaadahs in the form of a sitting person or any other shape

Question 64: Some paintings contain the Name of Allaah and His Messenger and others contain the Two Shahaadahs (Testimonies of Faith) in the shape of a man in the sitting position between the two prostrations with his forefinger in the right hand raised. People hang these paintings on walls. Is it permissible to possess and hang these paintings in houses? What is the ruling on buying, selling and making them?

Answer: It is not permissible to write the Qur’aan in the shape of a human or whatsoever, because this involves trifling with the Book of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)... read more here.

Writing “Bismillaah” in the shape a bird

Question 63: Some of the typographic workers print the Basmalah (“Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem [In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful]”) in the shape of an ostrich or other shapes. What is the ruling on this? Please present your direction and advice regarding this. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: The act described in the question, which is writing the Basmallaah or other invocations in the shape of an ostrich or other birds is Munkar (unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect), for it involves disparagement of Allaah (Glorified be He). Therefore, it should not be condoned, nor should one keep silent about it for a number of reasons... read more here.

Ruling on writing the Name “Allaah” on decorations and ornaments?

Question 62: What is the ruling on the decorations and ornaments where the Glorious Name “Allaah” and the name of Prophet “Muhammad” are engraved? I work in business and I have dealings with some Muslim brothers in some countries. They want to know whether the Glorious Name “Allaah” should be written on the right side and the name “Muhammad” on the left side or not?

You will find three forms attached to this letter which I want to ask about. Is it permissible to imprint them on crystal glasses and other ornaments? Please advise. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: It is not permissible to write Basmalah (saying, “Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem [In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful]”) on ornaments and other decorative items, for the phrase “Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem”is an Aayah. To write it on such things exposes it to profanation.

Also, it is not permissible to write the Glorious Name “Allaah” on such things, because this may expose it to profanation. Likewise, the name of the Prophet (peace be upon him) should not be imprinted on these things to protect it from profanation and prevent the overestimation prohibited by the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

Ruling on Painting Aayaat and pictures of the two Sacred Mosques on potteries

Question 61: We would like to inform you that we are about to import thermal papers on which Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) and pictures of the Two Sacred Masjids (Mosques) are pictured in order to be posted on pottery produced by our factories, as shown in the attached sample. Kindly examine them and express your opinion on this!

Answer: It is not permissible to post Qur’aanic Aayaat, any of Allaah’s Most Magnificent Names or pictures of the Two Sacred Masjids on pottery or any other decorative products. In fact, it entails many potential dangers, including making Aayaat and Allaah’s Names liable to disrespect through putting them in inappropriate places.

Likewise, people might seek their blessings and help and not seek Allaah’s. In addition, it is an innovated behavior that was never practiced by the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of the Ummah (nation based on one creed). Glorifying religious rituals stems from the heart whose effect appears on organs in the form of exerting efforts to put Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) into practice, establishing acts of worship and feeling angry when forbidden acts are committed, not in the form of inscriptions on walls or vessels... read more here.

What is the ruling on writing Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in the form of toys?

Question 60: What is the ruling on writing Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in the form of toys, for example?

Answer: Writing Aayaat in the form of toys, birds, trees or the like, or on decoration boards or plates, or asa promotion of goods is prohibited. Any person who does this is sinful. This involves disrespecting the Qur’aan and making a sport and game of it. This also subjects the Qur’aan to desecration and makes it liable to be thrown in inappropriate places once the things on which it is written are worn out after a long period of usage. These things might also be lost on being transferred from one place to another... read more here.

Ruling on stretching one’s leg towards the Mus-haf (Copy of the Qur’aan)?

Question 59: We would like you to instruct as to what our duties toward the Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) are and how we should respect it. What is the ruling on stretching one’s leg towards it, whether in the Masjid (mosque) or elsewhere?

Answer: It is obligatory to respect the Noble Mus-haf and it is prohibited to disrespect it in any way, such as entering the toilet while carrying it, placing it in an impure place, making it a pillow, stretching one’s leg towards it, writing any part of it or hanging it in dirty or unrespectable places, writing it in newspapers as they are usually discarded carelessly, traveling with it to an enemy country and letting it fall into the hands of Kaafirs (disbelievers). If a part of the Mus-haf is worn out, it should be burnt or buried in a pure place... read more here.

Is it permissible to refer to the Qur’aan as an academic subject?

Question 58: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ reviewed the Fatwa request submitted to His Eminence the Mufty from the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Education, which was referred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars with the number (3050) on 26/6/1416 A.H. The following question was posed:

Enclosed is the query submitted from the Education Department in Al-Bahah about the permissibility of considering Qur’aan a “subject” among other curricula subjects that students study and which is often mentioned in the memos issued by the ministries and education departments.

We would like Your Eminence to indicate if it is permissible to refer to the Qur’an as an academic subject for study. What alternatives do you suggest for it? May Allaah safeguard you.

The query of the Education Department of Al-Bahah reads: “The Ministry of Education and some education departments often send us memos which refer to the Qur’an as an academic subject. Since the word ‘subject’ refers to a created thing while the Qur’aan represents the Words of Allaah (Glorified be He), which are not created, it is considered to be inappropriate to use the word ‘subject’ when referring to it. Is it permissible to refer to the Qur’aan in this way?”

Answer: After studying the Fatwaa’ request, the Committee gave the following answer: 

There is no problem if you refer to the Qur’aan as an academic subject when talking about curriculum, because the word “subject” in the context of education refers to the sciences that students study. For instance, we may say “the subject of Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan),” “the subject of Hadeeth,” and “the subject of the Glorious Qur’aan.” Thus, referring to the Qur’aan as a subject within the context of education does not mean it is a created item, as stated above. Accordingly, there is no objection to using it – All praise be to Allaah... read more here.

Is the Qur’aan created or is it the Word of Allaah?

Question 57: Some people say the Qur’aan was created, while others say that it is the Word of Allaah. Two Muslim scholars differed concerning this issue; one of them argued that it is created while the other holds that it is the Word of Allaah. I was not convinced with what I found in the book entitled Al-Haydah; would you kindly elaborate?

Answer: The Qur’aan is the Words of Allaah with its letters and meaning. It is not a creature. From Him it began and to Him it shall return. Allaah (Exalted be He) says read more here.

Include the Noble Qur’aan as a subject among the courses of Humanities?

Question 56: In our working field there is a department for teaching a set of subjects, such as military history, geography, management, research methods, and so on.

This department is called the humanities department. Among the subjects taught are the Glorious Qur’aan and Islamic culture. Is it permissible to include the Glorious Qur’aan, which is the Divine Knowledge, as a subject among the courses of social sciences and humanities? I hope that you will enlighten us concerning this, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: The Noble Qur’aan is the actual Words of Allaah revealed to His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) for the guidance of people to their Lord (Glorified be He). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Alif-Laaam-Raaa. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’aan, and none but Allaah (Alone) knows their meanings] read more here.

Is it permissible for anyone to interpret the Aayaat according to their understanding?

Question 55: Some people claim that everyone is entitled to interpret the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) according to their understanding and according to the context. They claim that the text is sacred, but understanding it is not sacred. For example, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of Allaah’s Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) and the Aayaat that speak about the Throne and the Hand of Allaah. If this claim is false, who is entitled to interpret the Qur’aan, and what is the extent of the sacredness of such interpretation?

We ask that you give us the Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) for this Aayah of Soorah Al-`Imraan:  It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad peace be upon him) the Book (this Qur’aan). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkaam (commandments), Al-Faraa’id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudood (legal laws for the punishment of thieves, adulterers)]; and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings except Allaah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord.” And none receive admonition except men of understanding.

We hope you will clarify for us what is meant by Aayaat that are Mutashaabihaat or Muhkamaat? Who are “the firmly grounded in knowledge” mentioned in the Qur’aan whom Allaah entrusts with interpreting it and guides them to do this?

Answer: It is not permissible to give Tafseer except by the scholars who are well versed in the methodology of Tafsir. It is not permissible to give Tafseer of the Qur’aan based on ignorance and inclinations. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever interprets the Qur’aan without knowledge, let him assume his seat in Hellfire. (Related by Al-Tirmidee)… read more here.

The moon’s location between the heavens or under the lowest heaven.

Question 54: Is the moon located between the heavens or under the lowest heaven? If it is between the heavens, how can humans travel to the surface of the moon?

Answer: It is probable that the moon is between the heavens, or beneath the lowest heaven. There is no evidence that confirms either one of these two probabilities. Moreover, Allaah’s Statement (the meanings of which are translated as): And has made the moon a light therein does not include evidence that determines whether its place is in between them. The propositional phrase “Feehin” (therein) may refer to the word “Nooraa” (light). Therefore, the meaning would be that Allaah has made the moon a light in the heavens, so its light is there the same as it is in the earth. It does not necessarily mean that the moon exists between the heavens. Consequently, if it is not between the heavens, it will be easy to reach it by modern inventions… read more here.

Will Allaah recite Soorah al-Rahmaan in the Jannah?

Question 53: Is it true that we will, In-shaa’-Allah (if Allaah wills), hear our Lord reciting Soorah Al-Rahmaan for us in Jannah (Paradise)?

Answer: As far as we know, this is not true… read more here.

Hadeeth: “Anyone who recites Soorah Al-Dukhaan in the evening, 70,000 angels will ask forgiveness for him until the morning”.

Question 52: What is the authenticity of the following Hadeeth: Anyone who recites Soorah Al-Dukhaan in the evening, seventy thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him until the morning.

Answer: This Hadeeth is narrated by Al-Tirmidee on the authority of Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet (peace be upon him). It has been classified as Da‘eef (weak). Jalaal Al-Deen Al-Suyyootee classified it as Da‘eef in his Hadeeth compilation entitled “Al-Gaami‘ Al-Sagheer”. Ibn Al-Jawzee also referred to it in his book entitled “Al-Mawdu‘aat” [Fabricated Hadeeth]. The Sanad (chain of narrators) include `Umar ibn Raashid ibn Shajarah whom Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Yahyaa ibn Ma‘in, Aboo Daawood and others have ranked as a weak narrator… read more here.

What is meant by the slaughtered one?

Question 51: A married man embraced Islaam in the year 1974 and he wants to know who was the son whom Allaah asked His Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham, peace be upon him) to slaughter as a sacrifice? Was it his son Ismaa‘eel (Ishmael) or Is-haaq (Isaac) (peace be upon them)?

Answer: The Norm of Allaah is that He tests His slaves to distinguish the wicked from the good, to raise the degree of whoever He wants from His Prophets and Awliyaa’ (pious people), and to purify the believers and destroy the disbelievers. Among those who were tried by Allaah was Prophet Ibraaheem (peace be upon him), who was the perfect epitome of compliance in all the trials that Allaah put him through. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when the Lord of Ibraaheem (Abraham) [i.e., Allaah] tried him with (certain) Commands, which he fulfilled. He (Allaah) said (to him), “Verily, I am going to make you an Eemaam (a leader) for mankind (to follow you).” [Ibraaheem (Abraham)] said, “And of my offspring (to make leaders).” (Allaah) said, “My Covenant (Prophethood) includes not Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers).” He (Exalted be He) praises him, saying: And of Ibraaheem (Abraham) who fulfilled (or conveyed) all that (Allaah ordered him to do or convey):… read more here.

Liability of doctors for surgical and medical treatment errors

Question 20How can a doctor compensate a patient if he causes him physical disability in spite of taking great caution to avoid this? What will be the case if he commits a mistake, but without causing any harm to the patient? A doctor diagnosed a patient advising that an operation was needed to remove the appendix, but when he operated on the patient, he found the appendix healthy. Nonetheless, he removed it then discovered that the patient was suffering from acute renal colic. Doctors said that this is a common error that many doctors make. Removing the healthy appendix will get him in trouble with the patient, because he must inform him that it is healthy and that he has not removed it.This will cause him many problems such as being sued and tarnishing his reputation. On the other hand, if he does not inform him, the patient may develop an infection and go to another doctor who will see the surgical scar. He will not think that he is suffering from an infected appendix and the patient might die as a result of concealment of the truth about the previous surgery. Therefore, he must do one of two things: Either inform him or remove it. If he removes it, is he entitled to take the fees agreed upon? This is just one problem we face in our job and if we treat this matter outside the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) – just as all doctors do – there will be no problem but we need to apply Sharee‘ah on ourselves. Kindly advise.

Answer: First: If doctors perform what is required of them and they are skillful in their work, know the exact condition of the patient they operate on and do not go beyond this, no compensation is to be paid if they commit a mistake. They also will not be liable for resulting death or physical disability, because they have performed what they are authorized to do according to Sharee‘ah. This is analogue to a Muslim ruler when he cuts the hand of a thief, or has done some permissible act which he is authorized to do according to his duties. However, if the doctor is not skillful, it is not permissible for them to perform the surgery; rather, it is forbidden for them to perform it... read more here.

Female patient alone with a male examining doctor

Question 19Any Muslim woman can fall sick and need to be physically examined, but sometimes there are no female doctors to examine her, thus she is referred to a male doctor to carry out this task. Does Sharee‘ah (Islamic law) permit Khulwah (being alone with a member of the opposite sex) between a male doctor and a female patient? Does it forbid her Mahram (husband or unmarriageable male relative) from accompanying her on the pretext that there is an unveiled nurse with the doctor and the Mahram’s presence will require her to beveiled before him, although the doctor himself is non-Mahram to the nurse? Does Sharee‘ah approve ofpreventing the Mahram from being present while the doctor is examining the patient because of this claim? Does it permit Khulwah between the male doctor and the female patient or is the presence of the Mahram necessary? Please advise, may Allah reward you!

Answer: It is not permissible for a male doctor to be alone with a female patient to examine her. In fact, her husband or Mahram must be present while she is being examined... read more here.

Being unjust and harming co-workers or labours

Question 18Respected Shaykh, I have written down my problem to you in detail – I have mentioned what actually occurred to me:

First, I am a religious person – praise be to Allaah – but Satan overpowers me. Recently, he has twisted my mind and led me as he pleased. He has put me in many dangers; for example, we were a group of workers in one organization, but Allaah (Exalted be He) willed that the salaries of some be raised while the others did not receive a raise. My salary did not increase like the salaries of my colleagues.I thought to take revenge on the manager and my colleagues. One day, I exposed the words of my manager to another person with an evil intention. Once during investigation, I exposed the words of my friend to another even though they are kind. As a result, they were all moved from the place; each one in a separate place away from the other, but my transfer was not enough as a punishment or equal to what I did. One of those colleagues used to work after the official working hours.

Answer: First, you have to repent to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) for the harm you caused to your colleagues at work. This can be achieved by desisting from sin, regretting what happened and firmly resolving not to do it again.

Second, you have to reconcile with your colleagues, seek their forgiveness, do righteous actions and be good to your colleagues, neighbors and all people... read more here.

Praising Allaah by singing and reciting the Aayaat

Question 17What is the ruling on praising Allaah by singing and reciting the Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) in a musical tone to attract the non-Muslims to accept Islaam and warn the Muslims of committing sins?

Answer: This act is not permissible for the following reasons:

1- Singing is Haraam (prohibited) as it is a kind of vain talk dispraised by the Qur’aan where Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing, etc.) to mislead (men) from the Path of Allaah without knowledge The doer of such an act is threatened with painful punishment.

2- The Masjid (mosque) is highly venerated, thus they should be free from sins including singing; the Masjid is only built to remember and mention Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) there.

3- An even graver prohibition is that people chant the Qur’aan in a musical tone as is done in singing. This act entails degrading the Qur’an and dealing with it like the songs chanted for entertainment.

4- It is obligatory to call non-Muslims to embrace Islaam and to encourage sinful Muslims to repent to Allaah, but this should be done according to the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ways, not those forbidden, or newly invented in religion...read more here.

Prohibition of telling blasphemous or bawdy jokes

Question 16Some people speak words that are tantamount to Kufr (disbelief) or Fisq (flagrant violation of Islaamic law) and justify it by saying: I am just joking. Are such people pardoned for doing so if they are only joking?

Answer: It is strictly prohibited to tell blasphemous or bawdy jokes. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: If you ask them (about this), they declare: “We were only talking idly and joking.” Say: “Was it at Allaah (عز وجل), and His Aayaat (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations) and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed. Those who behave as such should make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) of it and ask Allaah for forgiveness in the hope that Allaah may pardon them... read more here.

Wudoo’ performed with recycled sewage water

Question 15: Some places in Saudi Arabia and in other countries recycle sewage water and reuse it to irrigate land and so on. Sewage water purification plants vary in their capabilities to filter impurities, and also in the types of companies which supervise these stations in Jeddah and Riyadh, for instance. After recycling the drain water which we are asking about, it becomes so pure that it is impossible to detect the difference between it and regular drinking water. Is this water pure? Can we use it in performing Wudoo’ (ablution), washing our clothes and body, removing Najaasah (ritual impurity) with it, and drink it?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, that the sewage water becomes pure after recycling and purification so that the color, smell and taste of Najasah that contaminated it is removed, then it is Tahoor (pure and purifying) and does not defile anything it touches. It is permissible to use in irrigation, cleaning one’s body, place, clothes, performing Wudoo’ and Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity, etc. It is also permissible to drink, unless it is proven that it is harmful to the health. In this case, it should be avoided to protect oneself from harm, not due to being Najis (ritually impure)... read more here.

The way airplane passengers should offer Salaah while on board

Question 14: How should airplane passengers offer Salaah (Prayer) while on board and on landing at an airport when passengers are banned from leaving the plane? Is it permissible to offer Salaah while sitting in the chair in such cases and at such times?

Answer: Anyone who embarks on traveling by air has to offer the due Salaah non-shortened before going on board unless the airport is outside the borders of the country, in which case it will be unobjectionable to shorten Salaah... read more here.

Visiting graves on Fridays

Question 13: I have an inquiry regarding a Hadeeth ascribed to Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Whoever visits the graves of their parents or the grave of any of them every Friday will have their sins forgiven and will be recorded as being dutiful to their parents. Please tell me if there is a specific Du‘aa’ (supplication) to be said by the graves of parents. Should such a visit be paid before Jumu‘ah (Friday) Prayer or after it, and is there another special preferred time for doing this on Fridays?

Answer: First, the Hadeeth that is mentioned in the question is very Da‘eef (weak) and can not be used as proof due to its Da‘f (weakness) and non-authenticity.

Second, visiting graves is Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) at any time and there is no evidence that allocates Fridays or any other days for doing so. However, it is related by Imaam Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to him) on the authority of Sulaymaan ibn Buraydah from his father (may Allaah be pleased with them both)that the latter said… read more here.

Contracting marriage via telephones: Is it permissible?

Question 12: If the Arkaan (essential elements) and conditions of validity of marriage are existent, but the Waliy (a legally accountable person acting for a woman seeking marriage) and the husband are in different countries, is it permissible to conclude the marriage contract via the telephone?

Answer: Today deception is widespread, as is fraud, and skillfulness in imitating the voices of others to the extent that one person may imitate the different voices and parlances of a group of young and old males and females so that the listener believes that such voices belong to various speakers though it is only one person who copies others. On the other hand, Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) cares for preserving people’s honor and lineage and takes precautionary procedures to safeguard the foregoing more than it does with regard to contracts of other transactions. Therefore, with regard to contracts of marriage: the Committee is of the opinion that proposal, acceptance, and authorization can not depend on telephone conversations. This is to achieve the objectives of Sharee‘ah, to exercise more caution to ensure safeguarding of the honor and lineage of people, and to block the means to cheating and deception being practiced by wicked people... read more here.

Entering the toilet while carrying the Mus-haf (copy of Arabic Qur’aan)

Question 11: If one carries the Mus-haf (Qur’aan, the Book) in his pocket and enters the toilet while having it in his pocket, what is the ruling regarding this? Please provide us with a useful answer.

Answer: It is permissible to carry the Mus-haf in the pocket, but it is not permissible to carry it while entering the toilet; rather, one should leave it in an appropriate place, outside the toilet, out of exalting the Book of Allaah and honoring it. However, if one must take it with them while entering the toilet, for fear lest it may be stolen if left outside, then due to this necessity, a Muslim is allowed to carry it along while entering the toilet... read more here.

Musical ringtones on mobile phones

Question 10: Most mobiles have musical ring tones. Is it permissible to use these musical tones instead of the regular ring tone? Could you kindly advise and direct us to what is beneficial for Muslims? May Allaah reward you and protect you from harm!

Answer: It is not permissible to use musical tones on mobiles or other devices, because listening to musical instruments is prohibited as indicated by Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) evidence. It is enough to use the regular ring tone... read more here.

Ruling on someone who mocks a Muslim woman wearing the proper Islaamic Hijaab

Question 9: What is the ruling on someone who mocks a Muslim woman wearing the proper Islaamic Hijaab (veil) or describes her as being a ghost or a moving tent and other such insulting words?

Answer: Anyone who mocks a Muslim man or woman for adhering to the Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) is a Kaafir (disbeliever). This is regardless of whether they are making fun of a Muslim woman wearing the proper Islaamic Hijaab or any other matter of the Sharee‘ah. `Abdullaah ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) narrated... read more here.

Impermissibility of absence or late arrival at work without a valid excuse

Question 8: I am a government employee whose working hours are from 5 to 11 in the afternoon and as everyone knows, my salary is very minimal. That is why I have another job and I only go to my government job between 6 – 6:30, but I do everything that is asked of me perfectly. My question now is: Is it Haraam (prohibited) to spend the time of my government job doing something else, as my boss tells me? Is the salary I receive ill-gotten and has no blessing from Allaah? I hope you will answer me regarding this sensitive issue, as I am confused and I fear to be receiving an unlawful salary, besides its being minimal. Bear in mind that I do my job and the other one as well.

Answer: You must be present at your work during the official working hours and you must not leave without taking the permission of your boss in agreement with the system... read more here.

Wearing an engagement or Wedding ring

Question 7: What is the ruling on wearing an engagement or wedding ring for both the bride and groom? The couple usually wears rings on which the spouse’s name and the engagement date are engraved. Is this a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion) or does it have some origin in Islaam? Does the saying of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) to one of his Sahaabah (Companions): Seek anything (for her), even if it is only an iron ring denotes the permissibility of wearing a wedding ring.

Answer: First: What you have mentioned about engaged or married couples wearing rings in this manner has no origin in Islaam. In fact, it is a Bidd‘ah introduced by some ignorant Muslims with weak Faith who mimic the habits of Kaafirs (non-Muslims). This act is prohibited, as it involves imitation of the Kaafirs and the Prophet (peace be upon him) warned against this... read more here.

Celebrating Valentine’s Day

Question 6: Some people celebrate Valentine’s Day on February 14 by exchanging red roses, dressing in red, and congratulating one another on that day. Some cake shops make heart-shaped cakes in red and draw hearts on them and other shops advertise special items on sale for this day. What is your opinion on:

First: Celebrating this day?
Second: Buying from these stores on this day?
Third: Shop owners who do not celebrate this day selling gifts to those who do celebrate it?
May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: The clear-cut evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah, upon which the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) of this Ummah unanimously agree, confirms that there are only two `Eeds (festivals) in Islaam: `Eed al-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and `Eid al-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice). Any other festival, whether peculiar to a person, a group, an event or stands for any meaning whatever, is an invented festival that is not permissible for Muslims to celebrate, approve of, enjoy, or support in any way, because this is considered to be a transgression of the Boundaries of Allaah... read more here.

Qunoot in Obligatory Salaahs

Question 5: What is the ruling on saying Du‘aa’ al-Qunoot (supplication recited while standing after bowing in the last unit of Prayer)?

Answer: There are three cases for Du‘aa’ al-Qunoot:

First: Saying Du‘aa’ al-Qunoot in Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units), which is Mustahab (desirable). This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Al-Hasan ibn ‘Alee (may Allaah be pleased with them) who said... read more here.

Ruling on supererogatory Salaah offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question 4: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duhaa (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Soorahs Al-Falaq and Al-Nas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamaal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to finish by saying, “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.” Moreover, they should give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities which come down on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar. They say that every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded the most difficult day of the entire year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect him by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it such as boys will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence to support the mentioned Nafilah in the Qur’aan or in Sunnah. We have no proof that any one among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah. Rather, it is a reprehensible Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. He (peace be upon him) further said: Anyone who introduces something into this matter of ours (Islaam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. Whoever attributes this Salaah and other things related to it to the Prophet (peace be upon him) or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will punish them the same as liars in the manner they deserve... read more here.

Pessimism about marriage or circumcision in Safar

Question 3: We heard that some people believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar. We would like you to guide us to the truth according to Islaamic Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law). May Allaah protect you!

Answer: What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim reported on the authority of `Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no ‘Adwaa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allaah), nor is there any Tiyaarah (evil omen), nor is there any Haamah (pre-Islaamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jaahiliyyah). Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islaam... read more here.

Pessimism about Safar is a characteristic of Jaahiliyyah

Question 2: It is known that many people are pessimistic about the month of Safar regarding many affairs. Such people, for example, do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar. Moreover, many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses.

Since all the foregoing are beliefs bearing on ‘Aqeedah (creed), could you please advise and clarify the ruling on it? May Allaah guide us all to all that He loves and is pleased with.

Answer: Pessimism about Safar is not permissible. It is a characteristic of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance). Safar – just like all other months – does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allaah (Glorified be He) and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: There is no ‘Adwaa (contagion, disease transmission naturally by itself not by the Decree of Allaah), nor is there any Tiyaarah (evil omen), nor is there any Haamah (pre-Islaamic superstitious belief that the bones of a dead person turn into an owl), nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jaahiliyyah). (Agreed upon by Imaams Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim... read more here.

Tawassul made in the month of Safar

Question 1: Attached is a copy of a Du‘aa’ (supplication) distributed by some immigrants to be said in Safar. The Du‘aa’ includes: “O Allaah! By the virtue of the status of Al-Hasan, his brother, grandfather, and father, spare us the evil on that day and what takes place on it, O All-Sufficient One! So Allaah will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. Allaah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us) and there is neither might nor power except with Allaah, the Most High, the Most Great.

O Allaah! We ask You by Your Beautiful Names, Perfect Words, and the honor of Your Prophet, our leader Muhammad (peace be upon him), to protect us and save us from Your affliction, for You are the Only One Who wards off afflictions. O Reliever of distresses! Relieve our distress and remove from us the distresses which have been destined for us in this year, for You are Omnipotent over all things.” I hope Your Honor will examine this Du‘a’.

Answer: This is an innovated Du‘aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time.It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger (peace be upon him), and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). It is not permissible to name Allaah (Glorified be He) except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him). Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du‘aa’ is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion), and every Bidd‘ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Accordingly, the circulation of this Du‘aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites… read more here.