Tafseer of the Aayah: “The Hand of Allaah is over their hands”

Tafseer of the Aayah: The Hand of Allaah is over their hands.

From `Abd-al-`Azeez Ibn `Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz to the respected brother, al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

With reference to your Fatwaa’ request registered in the Department of Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ no. 3137 dated 11/7/1408 A.H., it reads: We attended a Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) seminar held in a Masjid (mosque) called Abu Al-Haytham ibn Al-Tayhan and located in Salibiayh district in Kuwait. The Shaykh interpreted the Saying of Allaah (whose meanings are translated as): The Hand of Allaah is over their hands. He said that this Aayah has more than one meaning. It can be Allaah’s Help given to them, Allaah’s Power with them, or Allaah’s Knowledge of their conditions and intentions. After the seminar finished, one brother told the Shaykh that his interpretation of this Aayah goes against `Aqeedah (creed) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and complies with the views of Al-Asha`irah (a Muslim group that bases its creedal issues on logic). The Shaykh was annoyed and replied that Al-Mawaardee and Ibn Katheer mentioned this interpretation in their books. The man corrected him saying that Ibn Katheer did not state that, but it is Al-Mawaardee who advocated Asha`irah. The debate heated and people behaved aggressively labeling the man a Christian and Buddhist and they were about to beat him but some protected him. Allaah knows that this man wanted to explain the truth out of his jealousy for the Muslim `Aqeedah and the impermissibility of delaying the correction of an error beyond the proper time. The man suggested that the issue should be referred to you and they agreed. Would you please enlighten us. May Allaah reward you the best. Waiting for your reply.

Please be informed that our `Aqeedah is to affirm Allaah’s Attribute of having a Hand and the other attributes stated by Him in His Noble Book or by His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the purified Sunnah. However, this Hand is such as befits Allaah’s Majesty without Takyeef (descriptive designation of Allaah’s Attributes) or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation) or Tahreef (distortion of the meaning) or Ta`teel (denial of Allaah’s Attributes). We believe that there is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. We do not deny any of His Attributes with which He described Himself. We do not remove the words from their correct places. We do not discuss the nature of His Attributes or liken His Attributes to those of His creation, because there is nothing that can be compared to Him, and He has no peer, equal or rival. Just as He (Glorified be He) has a true “Being” which is not similar to that of His creatures, He does not resemble any of His creatures in any of His Attributes. Confirming the Attributes of the Creator does not entail comparing them to those of the created. This is the doctrine of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) including the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) and their followers from the best three generations of Islaam and their successors to this day… read more here.

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