Question 18: What are the conditions of Hijrah (a believer’s migration to an Islaamic land) according to Islaam? What is meant by the following statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Worship (of Allaah) at times of turmoil is like Hijrah to me. ?
Answer: Hijrah means leaving the non-Muslim country to a Muslim country, which is Waajib (obligatory). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): “In what (condition) were you?” until His Saying: Such men will find their abode in Hell – What an evil destination! Commenting on the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse), Ibn Katheer said: “The general meaning of this glorious Aayah includes all those who reside among Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and cannot freely perform the rites of the religion while able to emigrate. Such persons, by remaining there are wronging themselves and committing an unlawful act by Ijmaa‘ (consensus of scholars).”... read more here.