Calling out the Prophet and asking him for help and support over enemies

Question 202: There is a widely-circulated tradition observed by common Muslim people in our country and some of the upper class as well. They hold an annul remembrance gathering to commemorate the Mawlid (birthday) of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Someone starts the gathering by reciting some Aayaat of the Noble Qur’aan while sitting and then some scholars speak about the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) until the end when they tell people to stand up in reverence of Ahmad (one of the names of the Prophet, peace be upon him). They believe that the Prophet (peace be upon him) is not like humans, for – they believe, he is created from Allaah’s own Light, that he is present everywhere, seeing everything, and that he is everywhere, witnessing festivals of his birthday and listening to what they say. They stand up and chant:

O Prophet, peace be upon you! (Yaa Nabee Salaam ‘alayk)

O Prophet, peace be upon you! (Yaa Nabee Salaam ‘alayk)

O Messenger, peace be upon you! (Yaa Rasool Salaam ‘alayk)

O beloved, peace be upon you! (Yaa Habeeb Salaam ‘alayk)

Allaah’s Blessings be upon you! (Salawaatullaah ‘alayk)

Was this present wide-spread custom practiced at the time of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and their Taabi‘oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) or not?Is remembering the Prophet (peace be upon him) using these words and paying him reverence when mentioning his birth something good or bad? Sunnah or Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion)? Right or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Please, elaborate on the topic by citing examples of the practices of the Sahaabah and their Taabi‘oon (may Allaah be pleased with them all).

Answer: First, Holding a celebration to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bidd‘ah that goes against the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Rightly-guided Caliphs and the Sahabah (Companions), may Allaah be pleased with them all. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected. His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz issued a detailed Fatwaa’ concerning the ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him)... read more here.

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