If a one-year old child dies, will it intercede for its parents and grandparents?

Question 250: If a one-year-old child dies, will it intercede for its parents and grandparents in the Hereafter?

Answer: A child will intercede for its parents, but no one other than Allaah knows whether it will intercede for its grandparents or not… read more here.

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Do the dwellers of the grave see and talk to each other?

Question 249: Is the Hadeeth stating that the People of Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) see and speak to each other authentic?

Answer: We know of no reliable report from the Prophet (peace be upon him) concerning this issue… read more here.

Asking Allaah’s Forgiveness for grandparents who died as Mushriks

Question 248: I have grandparents who died in Shirk (disbelief); is it permissible to ask Allaah’s Forgiveness for them?

Answer: It is impermissible for a Muslim to invoke Allaah’s Forgiveness for their grandparents or others, if they died in Shirk, for Allaah (Exalted be He) says: It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allaah’s Forgiveness for the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah), even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief)... read more here.

Who are the People of the Book?

Question 247: Who are the People of the Book nowadays? Christians (the crusaders) believe in the Trinity, so they associate others with Allaah in worship. The same applies to the Jews who killed the prophets and fought Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), they also claimed that they are Allaah’s beloved people and said: The hand of Allaah is chained. Please enlighten us, may Allaah give you the best reward!

Answer: The People of The Book are the Jews and Christians, even if they were Mushriks at the time of the revelation of the Qur’aan to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Aspects of their Shirk are stated by Allaah (Glorified be He). The Christians deified Christ (peace be upon him) and worshipped him along with Allaah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allaah is the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary). Likewise, Allaah states that all the people of the Book have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Him and that the Jews said that `Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Allaah’s Messenger’s (peace be upon him) forgetfulness in worldly matters

Question 246: Was the Prophet (peace be upon him) liable to forgetfulness?

Answer: Yes, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was liable to forgetfulness. However, Allaah (Exalted be He) alerted him when the matter was related to the Sharee`ah. It was narrated in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) who reported Allaah’s Messenger as saying, I am a human being like you and liable to forget like you, so if I forget remind me. When he unintentionally missed some of the acts of `Asr Prayer… read more here.

Was the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) awake or asleep during the Israa’ and Mi`raaj?

Question 245:  Was the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) awake or asleep during the Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven) and did he actually see Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: According to Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) evidence, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was awake during both the Israa’ and Mi`raaj. He (peace be upon him) did not actually see his Lord with the eyes, which is the opinion maintained by the Jumhoor (dominant majority) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream)..read more here.

Has the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) seen his Lord with his eyes in the Israa’ and Mi`raaj ?

Question 244:  Was the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) awake or asleep during the Israa’ (Night Journey) and Mi`raaj (Ascension to Heaven) and did he actually see Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: According to Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) evidence, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was awake during both the Israa’ and Mi`raaj. He (peace be upon him) did not actually see his Lord with the eyes, which is the opinion maintained by the Jumhoor (dominant majority) of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream)..read more here.

Did the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) met the Jinn ever?

Question 243:  Has it been authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) met the Jinn (creatures created from fire)?

Answer: Yes, this has been confirmed in an authentic Hadeeth. The Prophet (peace be upon him) told the Sahaabah (his Companions) about this meeting and showed them the traces left by the Jinn. You may refer to the Tafseer (Qur’aan Exegesis) of Ibn Katheer (may Allah be merciful to him) regarding the saying of Allaah (Exalted be He) in Soorah Al-Ahqaaf, And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) a group (three to ten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Qur’aan. As well as Soorah Al-Rahmaan and Soorah Al-Jinn. In the Tafseer you will find an elaborate answer to your question..read more here.

Was al-Khadir a prophet or a righteous man?

Question 242:  Was Al-Khadir a prophet or a righteous man?

Answer: The correct opinion is that Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) is a prophet. This is based on his story with Moosaa (peace be upon him) narrated in Soorah Al-Kahf (The Cave). Allaah (Exalted be He) states that Al-Khadir scuttled the boat owned by poor fishermen, killed an apparently innocent boy, and built a wall for two orphan boys in a village whose people refused to feed them. After much criticism on the part of Moosaa, Al-Khadir explained the reasons for what he had done. The story ended with Al-Khadir’s declaration that all he had done was revealed to him by Allaah, as Allaah (Exalted be He) informs in the Qur’aan: And I did them not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience...read more here.

Is Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) still alive?

Question 241: Is al-Khadir (peace be upon him) still alive as is claimed?

Answer: The most authentic of the two opinions of scholars is that of the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) who said that Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) has died. This is based on the general rule in the saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم.) It was reported that Ibn `Umar said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed one of the `Ishaa’ (Night) prayers in his last days and after finishing it with Tasleem, he stood up and said: Do you realize (the importance of) this night? Nobody present on the surface of the earth tonight would be living after the completion of one hundred years from this night. Ibn `Umar said: People did not understand these words of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) which had been uttered pertaining to one hundred years. Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) in fact meant (by these words) that on that day none from amongst those who had been living upon the earth (from amongst his Companions) would survive (after one hundred years) and that would be the end of that generation. This Hadeeth was reported by Muslim. This is the dominant basis in Allaah’s laws for mankind. Therefore, we have to stick to this basis as long as there is no evidence that proves that Al-Khadir (peace be upon him) is exempted from that rule..read more here.

Saying that, Prophet Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) was buried in Al-Haatim in Makkah

Question 240: It is mentioned in the books of the biographies of the Prophet that Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) (peace be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. If the grave is in Al-Haatim, how is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) there?

Answer: The claim that Ismaa`eel (peace be upon him) was buried in Al-Haatim is incorrect and totally unreliable..read more here.

Number of prophets and messengers

Question 239: How many Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) were there?

Answer: No one knows their number except Allaah, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And, indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): of some of them We have related to you their story. And of some We have not related to you their story Those who are known are those who are mentioned in the Qur’aan or authentically reported in the Sunnah..read more here.

Does the Prophet see those who visit his grave & invoke Allaah’s salaam upon him?

Question 238: What are the best greetings to be given when standing in front of the Prophet’s grave? I mean, is it better to say: “Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah,” or to say in the form of a request: “O Allaah! Send peace and blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad”? Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) look at those who are greeting him by his grave? Did the Prophet’s hand come out of his grave to return the greeting of one of the great Sahaabah (Companions) or Awliyaa’ (pious people)?

Answer: (a) As far as we know, no specific wording has been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) to be used when greeting him by his grave. It is, therefore, permissible to say:”Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah,” as this is in the form of a request and it is established. It is also permissible to greet him using Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second part of Tashahhud), and say: “O Allaah! Send peace and blessings upon Muhammad…” However, it is better to greet him using the same form of greeting as is used when visiting other graves. This is because Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to say, when visiting the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah; peace be upon you, O ‘Aboo Bakr, and peace be upon you father,” then he would leave..read more here.

People adhering to al-Asha`iree school die before Tawheed-ul-Asmaa’ wa al-Sifaat reaches them

Question 237: If people adhering to Al-Asha`iree school die before Tawheed-ul-Asmaa’ wal-Sifaat (Oneness of Allaah’s Names and Attributes) reaches them, for they had never heard of or understood this Tawheed and no one warned them of Al-Ashaa`iree school so that they can deny it. They admit Tawheed-ul-Ruboobiyyah (Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship) and Tawhid-ul-Uloohiyyah (Oneness of Worship). What is the ruling on them and are they excused or not?

Answer: The followers of Al-Asha`iree school are not disbelievers, rather they erred in Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation) of some Allaah’s attributes. Therefore, their affair rests with Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)..read more here.

Saying: “Exalted is He Whose Eyes do not sleep.”

Question 236: There are young men here who swear by the words: “Exalted is He whose Eyes do not sleep”. Is this a permissible oath? These young men link the Attribute of not being liable to sleep with the Eye of the Creator (Glorified and Exalted be He). Allaah did not tell us that. All that is mentioned in the Qur’aan is His saying: Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him.

Answer: Saying: “Exalted is He Whose Eyes do not sleep” or “By Allaah Whose Eyes do not sleep” is permissible. It is an Attribute of perfection. Allaah says in the Qur’aan: …in order that you may be brought up under My Eye. According to the Qur’aan, Allaah is neither overtaken by drowsiness nor sleep. It was reported in the authentic Sunnah that Allah does not sleep and He is not liable to sleep. Moreover, the saying: “Exalted is He Whose Eyes do not sleep,” is not an oath..read more here.

Saying that Allaah’s Attributes are 20, 7, or 13 ?

Question 235: I read in the book of Tawdeeh Al-`Aqeedah Al-Mufeedah Fee `Ilm Al-Tawheed Li Sharh Al-Mazeedah that was written by Ahmad Al-Dardir and was commented by Shaykh Husayn Abdul-Raheem. It is the second part of the course of the fourth year in the preparatory stage in Al-Azhar institutes. This fourth edition was verified by Moosaa Ahmad, V. 4, on 1363 A.H, 1963 A.D. In this book, I read that the Attributes of Allaah (Exalted be He) are twenty Attributes in the saying of a certain group as Al-Raziyyah. In another saying Imam Al-Ash`aree and those who adopted his views said that the Attributes of Allah are thirteen Attributes. What is agreed upon according to this book is seven Attributes that are the Attributes of Al-Ma’aanee (the meanings). We would like to know what is incumbent upon us with regard to the Attributes of Allaah and their number if they are seven, thirteen or twenty. If they are twenty Attributes, what is the meaning of His being Potent and Living. Are these books proper for studying the sound creed? I doubt such books, because the author of Al-Mazeedah is Ash’aree. I would like to follow the example of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). I do not like to imitate Al-Asha`irah or others. Guide me to a book that talks about the Attributes of Allaah according to the creed of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah)

Answer: `Aqeedah of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah is that Allaah is described with the Attributes of Perfection. Moreover, Allaah should be described with what He described Himself with in the Qur’aan and what His Messenger (peace be upon him) described Him without Tahreef (distortion of the meaning), Ta`teel (denial of Allaah’s Attributes), Takyeef (questioning Allah’s Attributes or Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation) according to His saying: There is nothing like Him; and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. Saying that they are twenty, seven or thirteen has no basis and contradicts the Qur’aan, Sunnah and consensus of Muslim Ummah (nation). The book you have mentioned is not reliable. You can read the book called Al-‘Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah by Ibn Taymiyyah with the commentary of Muhammad Khaleel Al-Harras. You can also read Al-Tadmooriyah and Al-Hamawiyyah both written by Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. These three books have pointed out the creed of Ahl-ul-Sunnah (adherents to the Sunnah) concerning the Names and Attributes of Allaah and refuted the allegations of their opponents..read more here.

Is it authentically reported that Al-Maseeh Al-Dajjaal (the Antichrist) will appear true?

Question 234: Will Al-Maseeh-ul-Dajjaal (the Antichrist) appear, because – from what I have read – some scholars have confirmed this while “others” deny it?

Answer: Yes, Al-Maseeh-ul-Dajjaal will appear. There are clear Saheeh (authentic) and Mutawaatir (Hadeeth reported by a significant number of narrators throughout the chain of narration, whose agreement upon a lie is impossible) Hadeeths that have affirmed this. Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah be merciful to him) has a chapter in his Saheeh Book of Hadeeth dedicated to “References to Al-Maseeh-ul-Dajjaal” that includes ten Hadeeths about him. These Hadeeths were explained by Al-Haafid Ibn Hajar (may Allaah be merciful to him) in his book: “Fath Al-Baaree”. You may refer to that book or any other books of Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) that elaborate on this issue..read more here.

Is the removal of Amaanah and Eemaan from the hearts one of the Signs of the Hour?

Question 233: Is removal of trustworthiness and belief from the hearts one of the signs of the Hour (the Day of Judgment)?

Answer: Yes..read more here.

Will the gate of repentance be closed when the sun rises in the west?

Question 232: Will the sun rise from the west and at the time repentance of a disobedient person will not be accepted or the belief of a disbeliever as the gate of repentance will be closed?

Answer: Yes..read more here.

Will this Ummah stand as witness over all nations on the Day of Judgment?

Question 231: Is it from the virtues of this Ummah (nation) that they will testify against all nations on the Day of Judgment?

Answer: Yes..read more here.

Ruling on carrying a corpse while reciting the verses of Al-Burdah or Anaasheed

Question 230: What is the ruling in a funeral on carrying a bier and reciting the Al-Burdah poem, written by Al-Busiree, and eating food prepared by the bereaved family?

Answer: Reciting the Al-Burdah poem or anything else, whether it is from the Qur’aan or Anaasheed (Islaamic songs), during a funeral procession is Bidd`ah (a rejected innovation in religion). This is forbidden, due to the narration in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“Anyone who introduces something in this matter of ours (the religion) that is not from it, it will be rejected.” In another narration: “Anyone who does something that we have not ordered it will be rejected.”... read more here.

Saying “`Alee “Karamallaahu Wajhah” (may Allaah honor his face)”

Question 229: What is the degree of authenticity of the people’s saying: ” `Alee, may Allaah honor his face” ?

Answer:  There is no basis (i.e. from the Book or Sunnah) for specifying this saying to `Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him). Rather, it is of the excessive reverence of Shiites for him... read more here.

Chanting the Aayah, “Innahoo ‘alaa raj’i-hee la-qaadir” 200 times for restoring lost items (سورة الطارق الآية, 8)

Question 228: If someone loses something and says: Verily, (Allaah) is Able to bring him back (to life)! 200 times, will what was lost be returned or not?

Answer: This is not confirmed in the Book of Allaah or the Saheeh (authentic) Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and it is not an ordinary reason for lost items to be returned; instead it is using the Qur’aan for something other than what was revealed for. Doing this involves limiting the recitation to a certain number of times, which is a Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion) matter that cannot be determined by the mind. Therefore, this is Bidd`ah (a rejected innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone who introduces something in this matter of ours (the religion) that is not from it, it will be rejected.” Related by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim... read more here.

Annually holding banquets in the name of Awliyaa’ (pious persons)

Question 227: What is the ruling on banquets held annually in the honor of Awliyaa’ (pious people)? In our country, there are banquets for which people pay a lot of money, and naive people believe that this is obligatory for them.

Answer: It is not permissible to make banquets in the name of Awliyaa’, because this is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. Similarly, it is not permissible for Muslims to attend such banquets as it is a kind of cooperation in sin and transgression. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) forbade that, saying: …but do not help one another in sin and transgression.

The same can be said when the aim of such banquets is to draw closer to Awliya’ for healing the sick or gaining their Shafaa`ah (intercession) on the Day of Resurrection, or seeking their support for the living who offer such banquets. These are acts of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes the Muslim out of Islaam) because they amount to worshipping them… read more here.

Leaving trusts or other possessions by graves to be guarded or blessed

Question 226: Some people leave their trusts and possessions by the graves of pious people, thinking that the dead will guard them and that they will not be stolen, rifled, or taken.

Answer: Believing that the dead can guard what is put by their graves is open Kufr (disbelief) and also involves Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) that merits, for those who die while still doing this, eternity in the Fire. It is, therefore, not permissible to leave trusts or other possessions by graves for them to be guarded or blessed..read more here.

Seeking cure and help from other than Allaah

Question 225: In Egypt, there is a spring in Sinai said to be the same spring at which Allaah enjoined Prophet Ayyoob to strike the ground with his foot when he was afflicted with disease then Allaah (Exalted be He) cured him. A woman in our neighborhood was afflicted with disease and wanted to go to the spring to strike the ground with her foot just as Ayyoob, Allah’s Prophet, (peace be upon him) did. Is it permissible for her to wash with the water of this spring to be cured? Or would it be Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and Isti`aanah (Seeking help) from things other than Allaah?

Answer: This story is not true. The place where Ayyoob washed his body is unknown. So it is not permissible for her to go to the spring known as Ayyoob’s Well. ..read more here.

Sacrificing animals for any other than Allaah

Question 224: Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind an Imam who makes amulets for others? Also, in times of drought, he tells people to buy a ram or a cow and slaughter it for the children to eat to make the rain fall. Is it permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imam who makes vows and slaughters animals for the sake of other than Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: Firstly, It is permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who makes amulets containing Aayaat from the Qur’aan and lawful supplications. However, they should not write them, because it is not permissible to wear them; if the amulets contain matters of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) it is not permissible to pray behind someone who writes this. It is obligatory for someone who is knowledgeable to clarify to them that this is Shirk. Vowing and slaughtering for the sake of other than Allaah is also Shirk, as Allaah (Glorified be He) says: And whatever you spend for spendings (e.g., in Sadaqah – charity for Allaah’s Cause) or whatever vow you make, be sure Allaah knows it all. And Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). He has no partner. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allaah cursed anyone who slaughtered (a sacrificial animal) for other than Him.” And vowing is included in these Words of Allaah: …my sacrifice ..read more here.

Vowing for any other than Allaah

Question 223: Is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind an Imam who makes amulets for others? Also, in times of drought, he tells people to buy a ram or a cow and slaughter it for the children to eat to make the rain fall. Is it permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imam who makes vows and slaughters animals for the sake of other than Allaah (Exalted be He)?

Answer: Firstly, It is permissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who makes amulets containing Aayaat from the Qur’aan and lawful supplications. However, they should not write them, because it is not permissible to wear them; if the amulets contain matters of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) it is not permissible to pray behind someone who writes this. It is obligatory for someone who is knowledgeable to clarify to them that this is Shirk. Vowing and slaughtering for the sake of other than Allaah is also Shirk, as Allaah (Glorified be He) says: And whatever you spend for spendings (e.g., in Sadaqah – charity for Allaah’s Cause) or whatever vow you make, be sure Allaah knows it all. And Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). He has no partner. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allaah cursed anyone who slaughtered (a sacrificial animal) for other than Him.” And vowing is included in these Words of Allaah: …my sacrifice ..read more here.

Removing shoes during greetings

Question 222: What is the ruling on taking off shoes upon greeting anyone, for some scholars see that this is permissible citing Allaah’s saying in Soorah Taa-Haa: So take off your shoes Is this true?

Answer: It is not permissible to take off shoes upon greeting as far as texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah are concerned. Moreover, the ruling of taking off shoes in the law revealed to Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) was abrogated by the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), as all Muslims are allowed to offer Salaah (prayer) in shoes..read more here.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

Question 221: On which day do Muslims celebrate Mother’s Day and is it true that it was a special day for Faatimah Al-Zahraa’, the Prophet’s daughter (may Allaah be pleased with her)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate what is called “Mother’s Day” or any other innovated celebration, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam) will have it rejected. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not celebrate Mother’s Day, and neither did any of his Sahabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) nor the Salaf (righteous predecessors). It is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) performed in imitation of the Kaafirs (disbelievers)… read more here.

Ihraam from Jeddah in case of non-residents

Question 30:  First: I noticed that many of my countrymen who have performed Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) wore the clothes of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), i.e., entered the state of Ihraam once they arrived at the Hajj city and some of them even entered the state of Ihram in hotels or homes of relatives and friends in Jeddah. I cannot read Arabic and, therefore, I hope you will provide me with some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) along with their English translation clarifying or indicating that their Meeqaat (site for entering the ceremonial state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) is not Jeddah.

Second: Those I mentioned base their assuming Ihram as such on the following reasons:

A- They are adherents of the Al-Shaafi`ee school of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), which differs from all others schools of Fiqh in that it understands the Meeqaat requirements differently and somehow strictly.

B- Since the Hajj city now in Jeddah is more than two Marhalahs (a distance of about one kilometer) away from Makkah, they consider the Hajj city a Meeqaat.

C- When told that they have passed their Miqat on their way to Jeddah, they argued that they no longer use the old road to Yalamlam as they travel by air.

D- Those who consider the city of Jeddah their Miqat support their claim by the fact they had stayed in the homes of their relatives and friends for a period of two or three days before heading to Makkah. Thus, according to them, their short stay in Jeddah must have given them the status of residents or visitors of Jeddah, although they have visas for Hajj or ‘Umrah. In other words, according to them also, the issue of Meeqaat marking the intention to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah starts only when they utter such an intention and declare it, which may take place after wearing the clothes of Ihram in Jeddah.

Third: Some pilgrims head to Al-Madeenah once they arrive at the Kingdom without assuming the state of Ihram and then wear the clothes of Ihram in Al-Madinah before moving to Makkah. Please, inform us whether it is permissible.

Fourth: I would appreciate it if you could provide me with the necessary answers along with their supporting evidence quoted from the Qur’aan so that I may deliver them to Islaamic institutions in Singapore. I hope that you, moreover, highlight misinterpretations if there are any.

I am looking forward to your prompt reply. Best regards!

Answer: First, The sacred Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) has defined all Meeqaats. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have specified the relevant Meeqaat of each destination. It is recorded in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with both of them) that he said... read more here.

Ruling on saying Talbiyah in unison

Question 29:  What is the ruling on pilgrims who say Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and ‘Umrah) in unison, where one of them says it and the others repeat after him?

Answer: This is not permissible, because it is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs (may Allaah be pleased with them) who succeeded him, did that; rather, it is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion)... read more here.

Validity of Hajj before marriage

Question 28:  What is the religious opinion on the people who perform Hajj, but are not paying for it out of their own money? Is it valid for a young person to perform Hajj before getting married?

Answer: First: There is nothing wrong in the Hajj if its cost is paid for by other people as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity). However, if the money is Haraam (unlawful), their Hajj is still valid, but they must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for that. 

Second: The Hajj performed by a young person before getting married is valid, and we do not know of any disagreement among the scholars in this regard... read more here.

Does traveling to Madeenah remove the obligation of Hady from a Mutamatti‘?

Question 27:  Some Muslims perform ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) in Shawwaal, and then go to Al-Madeenah for a visit. After this, they perform Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) without offering a Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims).

Answer: It is obligatory on everyone who performs ‘Umrah in Shawwaal, Dul-Qa‘dah, or the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah and then enters Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) to perform Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only), whether from the Miqat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) for Al-Madeenah or any other place, or from Makkah, to offer a Hady for Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). The Hady should either be one sheep or goat, or one-seventh of a camel or a cow, which fulfills the conditions for an Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims). This is because they are under the ruling of Tamattu‘ Hajj. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Then if you are in safety and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu‘ and Al-Qiraan), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford... read more here.

Changing Ihraam clothing with another

Question 26:  Is it permissible for someone who has entered the actual state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) to change the garments of Ihraam, whether during the time of Hajj or `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage)?

Answer: It is permissible for someone who has entered the actual state of Ihraam to take off the garments of Ihraam and wear other garments, regardless of whether they are performing Hajj or `Umrah..read more here.

A menstruating woman entering the state of Ihraam

Question 25: What is the ruling on a menstruating woman performing Hajj?

Answer:  A menstruating woman is not forbidden to perform Hajj. The woman who assumes Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) while she is menstruating has to do all the rituals of Hajj, except that she should not circumambulate the Ka‘bah until her period ends and she performs Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity). The same applies to a newly-delivered woman. If she performs all the essential parts of Hajj, her Hajj will be valid... read more here.

Types of Ihraam

Question 24: I have read many books on the rituals of Hajj and I nearly have enough information about them now, but despite this, there are still some subjects that I cannot understand correctly due to the conflicting opinions and juristic views. One of these subjects is making intention for Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only); one opinion says that it is not required to offer a sacrificial animal and another says that it is required; which of these two opinions should I follow? I have not read one book that satisfied me about Hajj or Hajj as performed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with all of them). I would like you to clarify these matters in a simple and clear way. May Allaah reward you with the best!Could you do that in the light of the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). Al-salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: There are three types of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah): 

The first: assuming Ihram just for performing Hajj. It is obligatory on the pilgrim performing Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) to offer Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims). 

The second: assuming Ihraam for Hajj and ‘Umrah together. This type of Hajj is called Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between) and also Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). It is obligatory to offer a Hady in Qiran Hajj. 

The third: assuming Ihraam to perform ‘Umrah during the months of Hajj. In this case, Ihram is assumed for ‘Umrah and then ended, and Hajj is performed in the same year. This type of Hajj is called Tamattu‘ Hajj and it is obligatory to offer a Hady in this type of Hajj. Anyone who cannot afford a Hady should observe Sawm (Fast) for three days during Hajj and then seven days when they return home. 

The best of the three types is: Tamattu‘ Hajj, performing ‘Umrah (during the months of Hajj) followed by Hajj (in the same year)… read more here.

Assuming Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah on board the plane

Question 23: If a person intends to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and finds difficulty in assuming Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) on the plane and does not know where the Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) is, can he delay assuming Ihraam until he reaches Jeddah or not?

Answer: If a person intends to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah and wants to assume Ihram while on board the plane, he can perform Ghusl (full ritual bath)at home and wears the Izaar (garment worn below the waist) and Rida’ (garment worn around the upper part of the body), if he would like to, and when only little remains before getting close to the Miqat he can assume Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah; there is no difficulty in doing this. If he does not know where the Meeqaat is, he can ask the captain, the cabin crew, one of the air stewards, or a trustworthy passenger who is knowledgeable about that… read more here.

‘Umrah permissible round the year?

Question 22: ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) is prescribed to be performed only once in one’s lifetime, so is it permissible to do it any time during the year, or only in the months of Hajj?

Answer: It is permissible to perform ‘Umrah at any time of the year including the months of Hajj. If a Muslim performs it in the months of Hajj before the rites of Hajj, then they have performed what is called Tamattu‘ Hajj (`Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). If they incorporated the rites of ‘Umrah and Hajj, this is called Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between). Both the Mutamatti‘ (pilgrim performing Tamattu‘ Hajj) and Qarin (pilgrim performing Qiran Hajj) should offer Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) meeting the same conditions for Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), if they are not residing at Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), i.e. non-resident of Makkah. If the pilgrim performs ‘Umrah in Dul-Hijjah after the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dul-Hijjah), it is valid and no Hady is required… read more here.

Tawaaf with woman’s face uncovered

Question 21: Is it permissible for women who are performing Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) to uncover their faces while they are making Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the Ka‘bah in the presence of non-Mahrams (men other than woman’s spouse or unmarriageable relatives)?

Answer: A woman’s face is part of her ‘Awrah (private parts of the body that must be covered in public) which is impermissible to be uncovered before all non-Mahrams, whether she is performing Tawaaf or at other times and whether she is a Muhrim (pilgrim in the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) or not. If a lady makes Tawaaf with her face uncovered, she is considered sinful even though her Tawaaf is valid. Regardless, women have to cover their faces with something other than Niqaab (face veil) when they are in Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah)… read more here.

The Meeqaat for Australians

Question 20: We live in Australia. This year, a large group of Muslims in Australia want to perform Hajj. We always depart from Sydney and land in either of the following three airports: Jeddah, Abu Dhabi, or Bahrain. We would like to know where our Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) should be? Should we assume Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) from Sydney or is there another place to assume Ihraam from? Please answer us, many thanks.

Answer: Neither Sydney, Abu Dhabi, nor Bahrain are to be considered a Meeqaat for Hajj or ‘Umrah, nor even Jeddah can be a Meeqaat for you, as Jeddah is the Meeqaat for its inhabitants. You should assume Ihram if you pass by air over the first Meeqaat that you meet while heading for Makkah, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said on setting the Miqats: These Meeqaats are for the people of these very places and also for non-indigenous people who come through these places with the intention of performing Hajj and ‘Umrah. Therefore, you can ask the air host before passing by it, and if you intend on assuming Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah, and pronounce Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and ‘Umrah) before passing by the Meeqaat lest you should pass it without assuming Ihraam, there is nothing wrong in that. Whereas getting ready for Ihraam by cleansing, washing or wearing the clothes of Ihraam is permissible anywhere… read more here.

Ihraam for Hajj after performing ‘Umrah in Dul-Qa‘dah

Question 19: I want to perform Tamattu‘ Hajj (‘Umrah during the months of Hajj followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between). I have performed an ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) in Dul-Qa‘dah after which I returned to Jeddah, the place of my residence. What should I do when assuming the state of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj or ‘Umrah) for Hajj?

Answer: If your place of residence is Jeddah, and you have assumed the state of Ihram for ‘Umrah and then you returned to the place of your residence, in Jeddah, then you have broken your Tamattu‘ Hajj. If you assume the state of Ihram for Hajj, then you are performing Ifrad Hajj (performing Hajj only) and there is no obligation on you to offer Dam (atonement required of a pilgrim for a willful violation of a prohibition or obligation while in the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah)…. read more here.

Assuming Ihram from Jeddah

Question 18: In the past Al-Juhfah was the boundary where the Sudanese pilgrims used to assume Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), and the ship used to blow a whistle to announce that the boundary was reached to assume Ihraam. But since the time of air travel, the Sudanese pilgrims assume Ihraam from Jeddah. When they arrive in Jeddah, they stay there for many days, wearing their normal clothes. My question is: Is it permissible to assume Ihram from Jeddah Is it permissible for them to assume Ihraam on the day of arrival or according to what they think is suitable?

Answer: Jeddah is a Meeqaat (site for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah) only for its citizens, or residents there, or those who arrive in it for some reason other than intending Hajj or ‘Umrah and then decide to perform either of them. As for those who have a Meeqaat before Jeddah, such as Dul-Hulayfah appointed for the people of Al-Madeenah and what is beyond it, or those who come in line with it, whether by land or by plane; or Al-Juhfah appointed for the people who live there and those who come in line with it, whether by land, by sea, or by air; and Yalamlam likewise, it is obligatory on them to assume Ihraam from their own Meeqaat or when they come in line with it whether traveling by air, sea, or land… read more here.

Financial compensation for performing Hajj on behalf of another

Question 17: My husband (may Allaah be merciful to him) passed away, and I would like to commission someone to perform Hajj on his behalf this year. Is it permissible for the one who will perform Hajj on behalf of my husband to receive a financial payment in compensation for their efforts, apart from the money for the transportation, food and drink, etc., or not? Please advise us and may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible for the one who is commissioned to perform Hajj on behalf of another person to receive compensation for it, even if this is more than what they have actually spent on the transportation, food and drink, and other needs required to perform Hajj. It is prescribed that their intention in performing this should be to participate in doing good and also do whatever acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) that Allaah may help them offer while in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah). Their intention should not be just to receive the money… read more here.

Multiplied rewards for Salaah offered in the Sanctuary of Makkah

Question 16: Does offering Salaah (Prayer) in any Masjid (mosque) in Makkah Al-Mukarramah (Makkah, the Honored) have the same reward as offering it in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah)? Is all Makkah considered a sanctuary?

Answer: The reward of Salaah is increased and multiplied when it is offered at any part of Al-Haram-ul-Makkee (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) and in all Masjids of Makkah. However, offering Salaah at the Ka`bah is much superior… read more here.

Obligation on the financially and physically able person to hasten to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah

Question 15: Is it obligatory for the financially and physically able person to hasten to perform Hajj and ‘Umrah?

Answer: All praises be to Allaah, the Lord of Existence, and peace and blessings be upon the Noblest of the Prophets and Messengers. I advise any Muslim who did not perform Hajj to hurry to perform the obligatory Hajj in Islaam as it is obligatory on all Muslims who are able to do so. Allaah (Glorified be He) says: And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Islaam is based on five (pillars): the testimony that there is no deity but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; performing Salaah (Prayers) regularly, giving Zakaah (obligatory charity); fasting Ramadaan; and going on Hajj to the Bayt (the Ka‘bah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: Allaah has enjoined Hajj upon you, so perform Hajj.read more here.

Ihraam from the Meeqaat when intending Hajj and ‘Umrah

Question 14: What is the opinion of Your Eminence if an employee was on a business trip from Tabook to Makkah for some official work, and he had to enter Makkah without assuming Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), and then he returned to Jeddah for a short period of time and assumed Ihram from Jeddah and returned all the way back to Makkah to perform ‘Umrah? Does this count as ‘Umrah?

Answer: Anyone who passes through one of the Meeqaats (sites for entering the ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) authentically reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) or passes along a route in line with or parallel to the Meeqaat, whether by air, land, or sea, and he has the intention to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, is obliged to enter the state of Ihraam. If he does not want to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, he does not have to enter Ihram. If he has stepped beyond the Miqat without the intention of making Hajj or ‘Umrah, then he later intended to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah while in Makkah or Jeddah, he may enter Ihraam for Hajj from where he intended in Makkah or Jeddah, for example. As for ‘Umrah, if he intends it outside Al-Haram (all areas within the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah), he is entitled to enter Ihraam from where he makes the intention, and if he intends it inside Al-Haram, he should leave and enter Ihraam for ‘Umrah from the closest Hil (all areas outside the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah). This is the basic rule as far as the Meeqaat for Ihraam is concerned. If the said person intended to perform ‘Umrah while in Jeddah and not when passing by the Meeqaat, then his ‘Umrah is valid and nothing is required of him… read more here.

Husband’s permission to perform obligatory Hajj

Question 13: What is the ruling on a wife’s traveling to perform the obligatory Hajj without her husband’s permission?

Answer: The obligatory Hajj is Waajib (obligatory) when the conditions of ability are fulfilled. The husband’s permission is not one of them. It is not permissible for him to forbid her; rather, it is prescribed for him to cooperate with her in fulfilling this duty… read more here.

Hajj done by minors

Question 12: If a young boy or girl performs the obligatory Hajj, is it sufficient to discharge the duty on their part or is it just considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah (worship) whose reward goes to their parents?

Answer: If a minor performs ‘Umrah or Hajj, it is considered a voluntary form of ‘Ibaadah, and it does not exempt them from performing the obligatory Hajj and ‘Umrah after reaching adulthood… read more here.

Hajj at the expense of another: Does it discharge the duty?

Question 11: A woman traveled to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and fulfilled the Islaamic obligation of Hajj at the expense of another person. She asks whether this Hajj absolves her of the religious duty?

Answer: If this woman spent only a small amount of money on her journey to make Hajj, or did not even cover any of its expenses, the validity of her Hajj is not affected. Accordingly, when she fulfilled all the essential requirements of performing Hajj, she is considered to have absolved herself of this obligatory duty. It does not matter whether it was she or someone else who assumed the expenses of the journey… read more here.