Question 30: First: I noticed that many of my countrymen who have performed Hajj or ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) wore the clothes of Ihraam (ritual state for Hajj and ‘Umrah), i.e., entered the state of Ihraam once they arrived at the Hajj city and some of them even entered the state of Ihram in hotels or homes of relatives and friends in Jeddah. I cannot read Arabic and, therefore, I hope you will provide me with some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) along with their English translation clarifying or indicating that their Meeqaat (site for entering the ceremonial state for Hajj and ‘Umrah for Hajj and ‘Umrah) is not Jeddah.
Second: Those I mentioned base their assuming Ihram as such on the following reasons:
A- They are adherents of the Al-Shaafi`ee school of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), which differs from all others schools of Fiqh in that it understands the Meeqaat requirements differently and somehow strictly.
B- Since the Hajj city now in Jeddah is more than two Marhalahs (a distance of about one kilometer) away from Makkah, they consider the Hajj city a Meeqaat.
C- When told that they have passed their Miqat on their way to Jeddah, they argued that they no longer use the old road to Yalamlam as they travel by air.
D- Those who consider the city of Jeddah their Miqat support their claim by the fact they had stayed in the homes of their relatives and friends for a period of two or three days before heading to Makkah. Thus, according to them, their short stay in Jeddah must have given them the status of residents or visitors of Jeddah, although they have visas for Hajj or ‘Umrah. In other words, according to them also, the issue of Meeqaat marking the intention to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah starts only when they utter such an intention and declare it, which may take place after wearing the clothes of Ihram in Jeddah.
Third: Some pilgrims head to Al-Madeenah once they arrive at the Kingdom without assuming the state of Ihram and then wear the clothes of Ihram in Al-Madinah before moving to Makkah. Please, inform us whether it is permissible.
Fourth: I would appreciate it if you could provide me with the necessary answers along with their supporting evidence quoted from the Qur’aan so that I may deliver them to Islaamic institutions in Singapore. I hope that you, moreover, highlight misinterpretations if there are any.
I am looking forward to your prompt reply. Best regards!
Answer: First, The sacred Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) has defined all Meeqaats. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have specified the relevant Meeqaat of each destination. It is recorded in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with both of them) that he said... read more here.