Question 174: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bidd`ah (innovation in religion)?
Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation. The original rule concerning the acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefiyyah (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, If a person does any act for which there is no sanction from our behalf, that is to be rejected. Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth... read more here.