The Manner in which Allaah Descends

Question: The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: “Our Lord descends during the last third of the night.” Does Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) descend? Or is it His Mercy that descends?

Answer: It was stated in many Hadeeths Mutawattir (a Hadeeth reported by a significant number of narrators throughout the chain of narration, whose agreement upon a lie is impossible) which were recorded in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and other books of Hadeeth that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) descends to the lowest heaven every night. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Related by Al-Bukhaaree, Book on Friday, Chapter on supplication during Salaah late at night, no. 1145; and Muslim, Book on travelers’ Salaah and Salaah shortening , chapter on recommendation of supplication and remembrance of Allaah late at night and the answer thereto, no. 758. Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, and asks: ‘Who is supplicating to Me that I may answer him? Who is asking (something) from Me that I may grant it to him? Who is asking Me for forgiveness that I may forgive him? Allaah states that He descends in a manner which none except He knows as none knows the manner of His Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him) except Him. He descends as He Wills and in a manner that befits His Majesty and which no one knows. We accept the fact of His Descending, but without Takyeef (describing the manner of Allaah’s Attributes), Tamtheel (likening Allaah’s Attributes to those of His Creation), or giving extra explanations. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, and asks: ‘Who is supplicating to Me that I may answer him? Who is asking (something) from Me that I may grant it to him? Who is asking Me for forgiveness that I may forgive him? In another wording: Is there anyone who asks Me (something) that I may grant (it) to him? Is there anyone who supplicates to Me that I may answer him? Is there anyone who asks Me forgiveness that I may forgive him? And: Is there anyone who asks for forgiveness that he would be forgiven? read more here.

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