Question: A questioner asks: What is the ruling on the person who believes that the Qur’aan is created, and that people will not see Allaah (Exalted be He) on the Day of Resurrection? It is noteworthy that most of those who adopt this school do not agree or believe that the Qur’aan is created, they say: We do not believe that the Qur’aan is created, but we belong to this school following our fathers. What is the ruling on the person who believes in the creation of the Qur’aan? Is such a person considered to have seceded from Islaam? Please advise us in this regard. May Allaah reward you well!
Answer: Yes, those who claim that the Qur’aan is created, are, by doing so, repudiating that it is the Words of Allaah, and this is a major act of Kufr (disbelief). The same applies to the one who claims that Allaah (Exalted be He) will not be seen in the Hereafter. Whoever denies the seeing of Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Hereafter or Jannah (Paradise), commits a major Kufr, since he will be recanting Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him). Therefore, if any sect or a group claim that the Qur’aan is created, this means that it is not the Words of Allaah; rather, they are created words. While Allaah has clarified that it (i.e., the Qur’aan) is His Words (Glorified and Exalted be He) in His Saying (Glorified and Exalted be He): And if anyone of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah) seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allaah (the Qur’aan) He (Exalted be He) also says: They want to change Allaah’s Words. .
Furthermore, the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to tell people: Is there a man who can protect me so that I can convey the Words of my Lord He would walk around among them in Makkah before Hijrah (Prophet’s migration to Madinah) asking their refuge to be able to convey the Words of Allaah. What is meant here is that the Messenger (peace be upon him) and all the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) declared that the Qur’aan is the Words of Allaah, and the Qur’aan itself showed that. Thus, anyone who claims that the Qur’aan is created will be a Kaafir (disbeliever) who belies Allaah, His Messenger and the Ijma` (consensus) of Muslims. The same applies to the person who denies the Attributes of Allaah or denies seeing Him or that He is not All-Wise, All-knowing, Mighty, All-Able. Whoever does this will be a Kaafir like Al-Jahmiyyah, (a deviant Islamic sect denying some Attributes of Allaah, claiming they are human qualities and cannot be ascribed to Allaah)... read more here.