Question: A questioner from Sudan asks: “Your Eminence, Shaykh, it is known that believing in Allaah’s Names, and Attributes, like Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him), is one of the conditions of sound Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed), but there are some people in some countries who believe that “Allaah is everywhere”. Can you give them a word of advice? Also, are they rendered Kaafirs (disbelievers) if they die holding such belief? Please provide us with a detailed Fatwaa’ (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar)! May Allaah reward you well!
Answer: This issue is of great importance. Muslims should pay much attention to it. It is elaborated, and made clear by Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) in the Noble Qur’an that one should believe in Allaah’s being in the heavens, and in Istiwaa’ (Allaah’s rising over the Throne in a manner that befits Him). There are seven Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) that give evidence for Allaah’s (Glorified and Exalted be He) Istiwaa’ in a manner which befits His Majesty and Greatness: this manner does not resemble any of His Creatures. Allaah says in Soorah Al-‘A`raaf: Indeed your Lord is Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He rose over (Istawaa’) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! In Soorah Taahaa, Allaah (Exalted be He) says: The Most Gracious (Allaah) rose over (Istawaa’ the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). So, Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) believe in what is mentioned in these Aayaat, namely, Allaah’s Istiwaa’ and loftiness in a manner that befits His Majesty, and Greatness... read more here.