Explaining the meaning of Allaah’s Ma`iyyah with His creature

Question: I have read many books on Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah / monotheism). Would you recommend a book for us to read on the Names and Attributes of Allaah and the creed of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) in this respect? Is it religiously acceptable to say: “Allaahu ma`a Khalqeehee bi `Ilmih wa bi Qudratih wa bi Iradtih [Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is with His Creation by His Knowledge, Power, and Will]”, as the preposition letter ‘Bi’ (Lit. by) in Arabic entails extreme closeness? Please direct us regarding this matter!

Answer: The Qur’aan is the best and noblest Book that clarifies the Names and Attributes of Allaah and acknowledges His Rights on His Servants. It is the last and final Revelation of Allaah. It is the greatest, the most honorable, the best, and the most reliable Book for truth seekers. Verily, true guidance, clear proofs, and all goodness lie in the Qur’an.The authentic Hadeeths of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), which were compiled and recorded in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) are also a great reference on this topic. Besides this, you may refer to books compiled by reliable scholars, which contain the sayings of the Salaf (righteous predecessors), such as the books written by the renowned Imams, such as Al-Muwatta’ by Imaam Maalik, Al-Musnad by Imam Ahmad, and other books composed by distinguished scholars. These books relate the authentic Hadeeths and the Athar (narrations from the Companions) of the Salaf. You may also refer to books on the Names and Attributes of Allaah written by the followers of these scholars such as... read more here.

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