Question 12: On the morning of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) when we arrived at the Prayer place in one of the suburbs of the city of Al-Taa’if, in the area of Banoo Malik, we found that the Imam had finished the Salaah (Prayer) and was about to finish the Khutbah (sermon). The latecomers asked one of them to lead Salaah. Their number exceeded fifty people, so he led them in a two unit Salaah during the Khutbah. After the end of the Salah,a dispute arose on the validity of their Salaah. Some said that the Salaah was valid. Could you please advise us? Was this Salaah valid or not? May Allaah guide you to good. Al-Salaam Alaykum!
Answer: The two `Eed Prayers are a collective duty. When a group of people offer it, others are exempted from sin. As in the case in question, offering what is obligatory had been done by those who offered Salaah first and attended the Khutbah of the Imaam. Whoever missed it and wished to make up for it may do so without a Khutbah after. This is the saying of Imaam Maalik, Al-Shaafi`ee, Ahmad, Al-Nakh`ee, and other scholars. The origin in this regard is the Prophet’s saying (peace be upon him) When you head for prayer, come to it walking with tranquility, and pray the Rak`ahs that you have caught of Salaah, and complete what you have missed. It is narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) used to gather his family and his servants for Salaah, when he would miss the two `Eed Prayers then his servant `Abdullaah ibn Aboo `Utbah would lead them in Salaah where he says: Takbeer (saying: “Allaahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]”). Those who attend the `Eed Prayer while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah have to listen to the Khutbah and then make up for the Salaah afterwards so as to combine both benefits... read more here.