14- Pronouncing Shahaadah suffices to enter Islaam

Question: Does mere pronouncement of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) suffice for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim, or does one have to do other things in order for their Islaam and Eemaan (faith) to be complete?

Answer: It is enough for a non-Muslim to pronounce the first pillar of Islaam, that is, to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no deity but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah to be rightfully called a Muslim provided that this testimony is pronounced out of one’s certainty, knowledge, true belief, and sincere work. A person will then be asked to perform Salaah (Prayer) and observe other acts of `Ibaadah (worship). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Mu`aadh (may Allaah be pleased with him) to Yemen, he said: Invite them to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. If they do that, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. If they obey, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity) which is taken from the rich among them and distributed among the poor. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not ask Mu`aadh to command them to offer Salaah until their Tawheed (monotheism) and Eemaan in the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) were firmly established. First of all, they are required to declare the Oneness of Allaah and believe in Muhammad as the Messenger of Allaah. Once they embrace Islaam, the former Kaafir (disbeliever) will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims. Then they will be required to offer Salaah and perform all other religious acts. If they refrain from performing these acts, other rulings will be applicable to them... read more here.

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13- Ruling on pronouncing the two Shahaadahs

Question: Does mere articulation of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) protect render one’s blood and property inviolable? Is it sufficient to utter Shahaadah without knowing the meaning of it? Does uttering Shahaadah entail admitting the utterer into Jannah (Paradise) and save them from the Hellfire?

Answer: The phrase ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah, Muhammad rasool-Allaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah)’ constitutes the foundation of faith. One who utters these words will be rightfully called a Muslim whose blood may not be legally spilt and whose property may not be lawfully seized. One must be taught the meaning this phrase, and if one accepts its embodied truth and becomes an upright Muslim, it is a testimony of their honesty and truthfulness. However, the confession of Shahaadah is of no benefit if one continues to worship idols, trees, stones or dead people; or continues to ridicule and insult Islaam, or commits any other act that nullifies their belief in Islaam. They would then be considered Murtad (apostate). Therefore, one who enunciates Shahaadah is considered a Muslim unless they commit an act which renders them Murtad... read more here.

12- Explaining the meaning of the two Shahaadahs

Question: A listener from Riyadh asks: “What does it mean to testify that there is no deity but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah?”

Answer: Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) means to testify both verbally and inwardly that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah. A word uttered by the tongue, and one must also believe in one’s heart that there is no god but Allaah and none has the right to be worshiped except Allaah. It should also be believed that all other deities worshiped by people, including idols, the dead, trees, stones, angels or anything else are false deities. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated: That is because Allaah — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Baatil (falsehood).

This is the actual meaning of testifying that there is no deity but Allaah. In conclusion, it is a faithful and strongly-substantiated testimony that none has the right to be worshiped but Allaah and that all deities worshiped by people are false read more here.

11- Illustration of the meaning of Al-Taaghoot

Question: What is the meaning of denying Al-Taaghoot (false deities)? May Allaah reward you best!

Answer: It means to declare oneself free from worshipping false deities and to believe that all deities worshipped along with Allaah are false. Allaah (Glorified be He) says, Whoever disbelieves in Taaghoot and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. The word Al-Taaghoot applies to all objects of worship taken as gods besides Allaah. Denying or disbelieving in Al-Taaghoot means to declare yourself free from worshipping idols, statutes, jinn or other false objects of worship. One must also believe that the true god is Allaah, alone without partner. Whoever does not believe in this will not rightfully be called a Muslim. Therefore, one must believe that only Allaah (Exalted be He) is worthy of worship and that worship of false deities, like jinn or idols, is null and void. As the word Al-Taaghoot (pl. Tawaagheet) refers to any object worshipped along with Allaah, it may refer to idols, trees, stones which are taken as objects of worship. However, the term cannot refer to the worship of Awliya’ (pious people), prophets, or angels. It is the devil from among jinn or mankind, which incites man to worship Awliya’, prophets or angels, which is referred to as Taaghoot. The Awliya’, prophets and angels do not bear the sin of being worshipped by people, because they would never allow others to worship them besides Allaah … read more here.

10- Acting upon the meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’

Question: What are the requirements of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’?

Answer: This phrase is the greatest speech ever. It is the word of Tawheed (monotheism). A person cannot be called a Muslim unless they first pronounce this phrase and firmly believe in it. They must believe that there is no god worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He). This was the first word which all the messengers preached to people: ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’.

Allaah (Exalted be He) says, And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaaha illaa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” He (Glorified be He) also says, And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

The first word to which our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) invited people was ‘there is no god but Allaah’, together with inviting them to believe that he was the Messenger of Allaah … read more here.

9- Conditions and meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”

Question: What are the conditions and meaning of “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”?

Answer: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no deity but Allaah)” is the second best statement next to the Qur’aan. It is most loved by Allaah (Exalted be He). It is the word of sincere faith and the first thing to which all the messengers and prophets of Allaah invited people. It was the first word to which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) invited his people. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Say, ‘There is no deity but Allaah that you may prosper.'” It is also called the word of Tawheed (monotheism). It means that there is no true deity worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He), as Allah says, That is because Allaah — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Baatil (falsehood). This statement consists of an affirmation and a negation read more here.

8- The best books which explain `Aqeedah

Question: What are the best references on `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: The Glorious Qur’aan is the best and most authentic reference which clarifies sound `Aqeedah. As a divine book, it is considered the best and most truthful of all books regarding `Aqeedah. It contains the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and commands Muslims to worship Allaah alone and offer sincere devotion to Him (Glorified and Exalted be He). The next best two books are Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim. These two books are the most beneficial Hadeeth references which contain only the authentic Hadeeths reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Accordingly, Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim are the two most authentic and beneficial books second only to the Qur’aan. Other authentic books of Hadeeth include the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of ‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Al-Tabaraanee, Musnad (Hadeeth compilation) of Imaam Ahmad and Sunan Al-Daarimee.These are good and beneficial books. And though they may contain Da`eef (weak) Hadeeths, still great benefits are found in them. … read more here.

7- The most authentic books on `Aqeedah

Question: Please guide me to the most authentic book on correct Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)! May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: The most authentic, noblest and greatest book dealing with the subject of `Aqeedah and other subjects is the Glorious Qur’aan. It contains the most truthful speech.No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it. It is a revelation from Allaah, the All-Wise, the Praiseworthy. I advise the inquirer and all Muslims to hold fast to the Qur’aan and to give it due attention by reciting it often, reflecting on its meanings and trying hard to memorize as many chapters of it as possible. It is the Greatest Book which Allaah has sent down to His servants so that they may memorize it, follow its teachings and act upon it. It contains plain truths and clear guidance. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states, Verily, this Qur’aan guides to that which is most just and right He (Glorified be He) also says, …it is an honourable well-fortified respected Book (because it is Allaah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption). Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it: (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allaah عز وجل). and: And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allaah as Muslims). … read more here.

6- How to rectify the `Aqeedah of Muslims?

Question: How can Muslims rectify and preserve their Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: `Aqeedah can be rectified and preserved by seeking good understanding of Deen (religion of Islaam) and by referring to scholars who are well-grounded in religious knowledge. The Muslim who seeks knowledge must ponder over the Aayahs (verses) of the Qur’aan and the words of the Hadeeths… read more here.

5- Ruling on the word ‘Aqeedah

Question: A questioner asks: Is it true that the word `Aqeedah (belief) is incorrect and baseless, and that it is better to use the term Eemaan (faith) instead?

Answer: This is incorrect. Scholars use the word `Aqeedah on matters related to one’s inner belief, those related to Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) as well as Allah’s Attributes. There is no harm to say that so and so, for example, follows the `Aqeedah of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). It is called `Aqeedah because it means firm belief that is not liable to any doubt,as people are hung up on itread more here.

4- True ‘Aqeedah is the foundation of religion and the basis of Islaam

Question: Brother S.A.M.L. from Abyssinia (Ethiopia), now living in the city of Jeddah, asks: In my country, Abyssinia I acquired some Islaamic knowledge. However, I do not know to what degree is it authentic, as I think I learned some Sufi misconceptions, which I realized only after coming here. Please, give me useful instructions in this regard, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Having sound beliefs is the topmost fundamental and basis of Islaam and faith. These principles represented a point of departure for all messengers of Allaah (peace be upon them), including our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), in calling their nations.Prophet Muhammad stayed in Makkah for thirteen years calling people to believe in the Oneness of Allaah, being devoted to Him and believing in His Names and Attributes, that He is the Lord of the worlds, the All-Knowing Creator and that He Alone is worthy of being worshipped. The Arabs knew that Allaah is the Lord of the worlds and that He is their Creator. However, they associated partners and other deities in worship with Him, including trees, stones, idols, humans (sons of Adam), jinn and other deities. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) taught them that Allaah Alone is worthy of being worshipped and that it was obligatory on them to devote worship to Him Alone. He said: My people, say “There is no god but Allaah” so that you may prosper. Yet, they denied his call and said, as is narrated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Qur’aan: “Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God – Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!”

Accordingly, sound belief is the topmost principle and the fundamental pillar of Islaam. Thus, a seeker of knowledge must give special care to it until he gains clarity and becomes versed in it… read more here.

3- Outline of the ranks of Islaam

Question: A listener from Riyadh asks: Kindly, give us an outline of the ranks of religion, elaborating on the fundamentals of each rank. May Allaah reward you well!

Answer: There are three ranks: Islaam, Eemaan (Faith) and Ihsaan (perfection of Faith) as is indicated by the Prophet (peace be upon him). 

The first rank, i.e. Islaam, is general rank and it consists of five fundamentals, which are testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, performing Salaah (Prayer), paying Zakaah (obligatory charity), fasting Ramadan and performing Hajj to the House (Ka`bah). Included in this rank are all other worship acts enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He).

The second rank, i.e. Eemaan, consists of six fundamentals, namely believing in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day and Divine Decree, the sweet and the bitter thereof… read more here.

2- Meaning of testifying that “there is no god but Allaah”

Question: We ask Your Eminence to explain to us the meaning of the first pillar of Islaam, highlighting its requisites and how it can be implemented by people. What is the ruling on not knowing an aspect of this testimony?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) sent His Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to humankind in general, Arabs and non-Arabs, humans and jinn, and males and females. He was to call them to believe in the Oneness of Allah, being devoted to Him and having faith in the Prophet (peace be upon him), in all that was revealed to him and in all messengers, angels, heavenly revealed books, the Last Day, Paradise, Hellfire, and Predestination, the sweet and the bitter thereof. One also has to believe that Allaah (Exalted be He) has predestined, known, enumerated, and recorded all things. Thus, anything that happens is predestined by Allaah (Exalted be He).He ordered people to testify that there is no god but Allaah. Actually, it is the first thing to which he called people and the first pillar of Islaam. However, most people refused to respond to and denied his call. Moreover, Quraysh said, as is narrated by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Qur’aan, “Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God – Allaah). Verily, this is a curious thing!” Thus, Allaah (Glorified be He) also says about them, Truly, when it was said to them: Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah “(none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah),” they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our aalihah (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?” Actually, they refused the Islaamic call as they had for so long been worshipping idols and other deities besides Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

1- The Definition of Islaam

Question: Please, illustrate to me the meaning of Islaam!

Answer: Islaam means total submission to Allah (Exalted be He) through belief in His Oneness, and showing subservient and servile obedience to Him. This is the meaning of Islaam. The Arabic root word ‘As-lama’ means to show submission and surrender to someone and obey his commands. Accordingly, Islaam means surrender and submission to Allaah’s Will by means of believing in His Oneness, being devoted to Him, obeying His commandments and abandoning what He has prohibited. Such is Islaam, about which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Truly, the religion with Allaah is Islaam. Besides, a Muslims are thus called as they show complete submission to Allah and obey Him, abiding by His Commandments and refraining from what He has prohibited… read more here.

Introduction (Fatwas of Noor ‘Alaa al-Darb, Vol. 1) by Abd-Allaah Ibn Baaz

Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem (In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)

Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon the Seal Prophet.

To proceed:

Through Allaah’s Guidance and Help, we finished compilation of the “Collection of Fatwas and Various Articles” by our Shaykh and great scholar, `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz may Allaah forgive and show mercy to him, and reward him with highest level of Paradise. The collection is compiled and arranged by His Eminence Shaykh Dr. Muhammad ibn Sa`d Al-Shuway`ir may Allaah reward him and our Shaykh well for benefiting us and all Muslims. We are now to begin discussing the Fatwas of Noor `Alaa Al-Darb by our Shaykh and great scholar `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah be Merciful to him), which was compiled and arranged by His Eminence Shaykh Dr. Muhammad ibn Sa`d Al-Shuway`ir may Allaah grant him success!

These Fatwas bespeak the distinguishing characteristics of our Shaykh (may Allaah pardon him), i.e. paying homage to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, heavily drawing thereon, and citing such opinions of scholars as are substantiated by evidence. This in addition to his other inherent talents, such as deep understanding, overwhelming readings, readily recallable memory, accuracy of inference and politely dealing with scholars and even laymen. The Shaykh is also endowed with a good command of language that makes his Fatwas easily understandable by laymen; a high linguistic style that is highly esteemed by notable scholars; such is Allaah’s Bounty and Favor. But Allaah chooses for His Mercy whom He wills. … read more here.

A professor says that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was created from the Light of Allaah

Question 70: I heard a professor saying that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was created from the Light of Allaah, is this true?

Answer: This statement is not correct, for it opposes both Nusus (legal texts) and reality. Proof, senses, and logic indicate that he was born to a father i.e. `Abdullaah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib and a mother (i.e.) Aaminah bint Wahb and his lineage is well known… read more here.

Believing that the Prophet (peace be upon him) has no shade

Question 69: In Pakistan, scholars of the Barelwee Sufi order believe that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not have a shadow like ordinary human beings, which indicates that he was not of human form. Is there any Saheeh Hadeeth (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) to the effect that the Prophet did not have a shadow?

Answer: This is a false belief which is incongruous with the explicit texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) which affirm the human nature of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who shared the same human characteristics as the rest of mankind… read more here.

Slaughtering animals at graves seeking the blessings of the dead

Question 68: What is the ruling of Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) on visiting the graves of pious people. When a man travels to the grave of a pious person, accompanied by his family and relatives, among which are women, they take a ewe with them to slaughter near the grave, then they serve food, eat, drink, and stay by the graveside for a whole day or part of a day, and sometimes until early morning. The grave is 20 km, more or less, away from the house. They also give some of the meat to their friends and relatives who live in another area, as a gift or Sadaqah (voluntary charity). Although people know that the Name of Allaah was mentioned on slaughtering the animal, some of them say that this meat is as Haraam (prohibited) as eating pork. However, Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: So eat of that (meat) on which Allaah’s Name has been pronounced (while slaughtering the animal) The purpose of this journey, from its beginning to its end, is only to approach Allaah through visiting the grave of this pious man and supplicating there, seeking his blessings, and seeking to draw close to Allaah (Tawassul) through him. When a dispute arises between two people, they take oaths at the grave of this pious man. People also hold an annual commemoration of his birthday at his grave. It is also one of our customs that, when one of us becomes sick, we go to the graves of pious people, or if one of us becomes mentally ill or seriously ill, our relatives take us to the graves of pious people. Sometimes the people are cured of their physical or mental illness due to the visit they pay to the graves of the righteous. What is the Islaamic ruling on this? Please enlighten us, may Allaah be merciful to you!

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to undertake a journey to visit graves because the Prophet (peace be upon him) instructed, saying: No journey should be made except to three Masjids (mosques): This Masjid of mine (Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee in Madeenah), Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem).

Secondly, visiting graves is only lawful for men, not women, if the grave is in the same area, i.e. Can be visited without having to travel. This applies as long as the purpose of the visit is to take admonition and supplicate to Allaah for those buried there, if they are Muslims. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said in this regard… read more here.

Are pilgrims required to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

Question 67: Are pilgrims whether men or women required to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Al-Baqee` (the graveyard of Madeenah, near the Prophet’s Mosque), Uhud (mountain site of the Battle of Uhud [3 A.H./625 A.D.] the second battle between Muslims and the disbelievers of Makkah), and Quba’ (a town near Madeenah where the Prophet established the first mosque)? Or is that for men only?

Answer: Pilgrims whether men or women are not required to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or Al-Baqee`. One should not undertake a journey to visit graves. Moreover, it is forbidden for women to visit graves even without undertaking journeys. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Setting on a journey to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him)

Question 66: I was born in 13/4/1903 A.D.; I am now eighty years old, but Allaah has not willed it for me yet during this lifetime to visit the Honored Ka`bah or the Prophet’s Mosque. Out of my love for the Prophet (peace be upon him), I invoke Allaah’s blessings upon him day and night. I see him often in my dreams and the last was today. Today I only felt that I wanted to disclose this.I have a simple home and I am blessed with only one daughter and her orphaned child. They live with me to take care of me. I live on a modest income and I yearn so much to visit the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Should I sell this house to enjoy visiting the beloved Prophet?

Answer: First, We hope that your dreams be good dreams that come true. Second: It is not permissible to travel specifically to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him). What is permissible is to visit his Masjid (mosque) and pray there; and this visit is not obligatory. It is also permissible for any Muslim visiting the Prophet’s Masjid to greet him and his two Companions (‘Aboo Bakr and Umar, may Allaah be pleased with them both)… read more here.

Visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah)

Question 65: Is it permissible for someone to travel to visit Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Noble Mosque) in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah while living in Makkah?

Answer: It is permissible for Muslims to travel to Al-Madeenah to perform Salaah (Prayer) at Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee. In fact, doing so is Mustahab (recommended) as the performance of one Salaah in it is better than a thousand Salahs elsewhere with the exception of Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque)… read more here.

He built a Masjid and bequeathed that he should be buried in it

Question 64:  Someone built a Masjid (mosque) in Yemen and he made a will that his family should place his grave inside that Masjid. When he died, they buried him in the Masjid in the direction of the Qiblah (direction faced for Prayer towards the Ka‘bah). The distance between the courtyard where his grave lies and the Qiblah is only one meter. Please, guide us concerning this issue!

Answer: This grave should be dug up and the corpse should be carried to any place far from the Masjid such as the town graveyard. Placing a grave inside the Masjid is a means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Including a grave that is beside a Masjid in the Masjid for a certain purpose

Question 63: We have an old Masjid (mosque) surrounded by a very old cemetery ruined except for one grave. Inhabitants of the town want to expand the Masjid so that the graveyard will be included in it, bearing in mind that the place mentioned is the most suitable one for building a Masjid. Is it permissible or not?

Answer: It is prohibited to include the grave mentioned above or any part of the cemetery in the Masjid… read more here.

Offering Salaah at shrines for the sake of gaining blessings from the Walee (pious person)

Question 62: Is it permissible to call a person a Kaafir (disbeliever) if they perform Salaah (Prayer) in the graveyard seeking the blessings of the Walee (pious person) buried there?

Answer: It is prohibited to perform Salaah in a place where there is a grave. If one intends to become closer or receive the pleasure of a Walee by performing Salaah there, then doing so is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah)… read more here.

What is the ruling on building a Masjid (mosque) on a grave?

Question 61: offering Salaah (prayer) in a Masjid (mosque) with a grave inside it. Some scholars say that it is impermissible to pray there and if there is no other Masjid in town, it is better to pray at home than in a Masjid with a grave inside it. Other scholars say that it is permissible to pray there, because the grave of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) is inside his Masjid, as well as the graves of his two Companions, ‘Aboo Bakr and ‘Umar. This matter seems confusing to me, so I wrote this letter to inquire about the truth. I live in the countryside of Senegal where there is only one Masjid in our town in which there are four graves. Three of them are outside the Masjid, but they are adjacent to its southern part, whereas the fourth is completely inside the Masjid. Please inform me of the truth supported by evidence, as I know nothing about this matter, therefore I am asking you, for Allaah says in His Glorious Book (what means): So ask the people of the Scripture, if you do not know. (Soorah Al-Nahl, 16: 43).

Answer: First, it is impermissible to build Masjids over graves, or offer Salaah in a Masjid that was built over a grave or graves, as it is authentically established that Lady `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “When death came upon the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), he started to cast a garment of his over his face, and when it made him short of breath, he would remove it from his face; while in that state he said, ‘May the Curse of Allaah be upon the Jews and the Christians; for they have taken the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.’” (‘Aa’ishah said), “He was warning against (doing) what they did.” She also said, “Had it not been for that, his grave would have been made prominent, but he feared lest it might be taken as a place of worship.” Narrated by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. Jundub ibn ‘Abdullaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) also narrated that he heard the Prophet (peace be upon him), five days before his death, saying… read more here.

Kissing the threshold of the entrances of Masjid Al-Husayn and Al-Sayyidah Zaynab and their shrines

Question 60: Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) in a Masjid (mosque) that contains a grave? Is it obligatory to kiss the entry threshold of Masjid Al-Husayn and Masjid Al-Sayyidah Zaynab, kiss their shrines, beseech Allaah by them, and seek strength and support from them?Is it permissible to travel from one place to another to commemorate the birthdays of pious people?

Answer: Firstly, if a Masjid is built over a grave, it is not permissible to offer Salaah there. The same applies if someone was buried in a Masjid after it was built. It is obligatory that the buried remains be moved to a public cemetery, if this is possible. This is based on the Hadeeths that indicate the prohibition of praying in Masjids that contain graves… read more here.

Is it permissible to build Masjids on the graves of Awliya’ (pious people)?

Question 59:  Is it permissible to build Masjids (mosques) on the graves of Awliya’ (pious people)? Second, is it permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) in such Masjids, although there are other Masjids in the same town that contain no graves?

Answer: It is impermissible to build Masjids over the graves of the righteous servants of Allaah. It is also impermissible to offer Salaah in such Masjids, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, It was mentioned previously.“May Allaah curse the Jews and the Christians, for they have taken the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.”(Agreed upon its authenticity by both Imaam Bukhaaree and Imam Muslim). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said… read more here.

Offering Salaah in Masjids that were built upon graves

Question 58: I argued with people who hold the opinion that it is permissible to offer Salaah (Prayer) in a graveyard and in a Masjid (mosque) where there is a grave or graves. I refuted their arguments with clear and Saheeh Hadeeths (Hadiths that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish). But they said: “Where did `Aa’ishah perform Salah after the Prophet (peace be upon him) and others had been buried in her house? Did she perform Salaah in her house or outside it? They also mentioned that the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) performed Salaah in Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) though Hajar, wife of prophet Ibraaheem (Abrahaam, peace be upon him) and some of the prophets are buried in it. Is this true or not? Also, is it true that `Aa’ishah used to perform Salah in her house after the death of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)? I would also like to know the names of some books that deal with this subject.

Answer: It was related in the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said on his deathbed: Let the curse of Allaah be upon the Jews and Christians; they have taken the graves of their prophets as places of worship. `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: He was warning against what they did; and if it was not for that, he would have raised his grave above the ground but he feared that it might be taken as a Masjid. Muslim related in his Saheeh on the authority of Jundub ibn `Abdullaah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said five days before his death… read more here.

Transporting a person to a shrine where they will circumambulate

Question 57: What is the ruling on whoever transports a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) to shrines or to attend banquets? Are they also Mushrik? Or are they sinners who commit a sin un-willingly especially if they are ordered to do so by their father or mother and if they do not comply parents will get angry?

Answer: It is not permissible to transport anyone who intends to visit these shrines or to attend a banquet that is prepared for that shrine. Doing so is tantamount to committing a sin as this is a kind of cooperation in evil and aggression even though those who want to go there are one’s parents… read more here.

Placing food, cloth, or money beside the grave

Question 56: Some people visit the grave of prophet Yoonus (Jonah, peace be upon him) and make Tawaaf (circumambulation) around it. The grave is surrounded by a room made of aluminum and glass. There are windows through which some people throw bags of candy such as Jaklit (Iraqi candy made of wheat, fat, milk, and sugar), others throw money, and some others throw green cloth. Allaah knows the secrets of people whether they mean by their actions only the sake of Allaah or if they want to draw closer to Him through prophet Yoonus (peace be upon him). The authority of Waqf (Endowment), in turn, confiscates these types of candy, money, and cloth. Some of the workers there distribute this candy to their relatives and friends for blessing. As for the cloth, they are sold in the form of bands 20 cm × 5 cm for half a dinar. Buyers put these bands in their hands or pockets for the sake of warding off harm or out of fear of getting hurt. As for the money, only Allaah knows what they do with it. Is it permissible to eat this candy or not? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: (A) Visiting graves for anyone other than women is Sunnah (a commendable act) because of the Prophet’s saying: Visit graves for they remind you of the hereafter.

(B) It is not permissible to make Tawaaf around the grave of a prophet or any other person. It is not permissible to put food whether candy or anything else at graves. The same ruling applies to cloth and money. This is considered an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) if it is meant for drawing closer to the dead whether they are prophets or not… read more here.

Circumambulating and offering sacrifices at the graves

Question 55: This question is about some advice that came from Makkah, from Hajji `Abdullah ibn Mustafa, who said, “I was sleeping when I saw the Messenger (peace be upon him) who commanded me to convey this message to all Muslims that they should believe and cooperate with one another. Anyone who reads this message should write it eight times; those who do not spread it will be punished by illness, but those who do spread it will rejoice after ten days. If any one writes to refute this, they will be punished by dying as a Kaafir (disbeliever).” Is this true or is it a lie? Also, what is the ruling on people who visit the domes built over graves, bringing with them some chickens or sheep to slaughter near the shrine of a dead person, saying: “This deceased person is a saint.”? Is this Haraam (unlawful) or Halaal (lawful)?

Answer: Firstly, This is a false Ru’ya (vision) and a baseless story, and is of the same type of the fabricated vision that was once attributed to the attendant of the Prophet’s grave. His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz wrote a long article that was published in the local and other newspapers on this matter.

Secondly: Tawaaf (Circumambulation) around graves is Haraam, and if it is performed with the intention of drawing closer to the deceased occupant of the grave, this is major Shirk (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes the doer outside the fold of Islaam. Tawaaf is an act of ‘Ibaadah (worship), as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka‘bah at Makkah). Therefore, making an act or a part of an act of worship for other than Allaah is Shirk… read more here.

Offering acts of worship to the graves and false gods

Question 54: Regarding the issue of cursing the religion is the person who does so judged immediately to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Is there any distinction regarding cursing religion as religion? Does such a distinction exist when women and children curse the religion?

2- The issue of a person being excused due to ignorance, for ridiculing the beard, the Niqaab (face veil), the Qamees (long shirt), or Muslims; also the issue of cursing the religion, is ignorance accepted as an excuse or not?

3- The issue of being excused due to ignorance in regard to offering `Ibaadah (worship) to graves or Taaghoot (false gods), can people who do so be excused due to their ignorance of them?

Please enlighten us with the knowledge that Allaah has bestowed upon you on these issues and also on the issue of fighting religious activity, will a person employed for that purpose be excused due to their ignorance or not?

4- The issue of establishing proof against a Muslim who offers sacrifices to anyone other than Allaah, or makes Du`aa to anyone other than Allaah, or supports Taaghoot, can an ordinary Muslim who is well-informed about such matters establish it? Are there other conditions for establishing proof?

Answer: 1- To call people to Allaah with wisdom, fair preaching, arguing in a mild way is an obligation enjoined by Sharee’ah (Islaamic law). Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islaam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’aan) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.

2- The Daa’ee (caller to Islaam) must be well-informed about what they should command and forbid, for they may be keen on good and have the desire and love of benefiting people, yet they are ignorant, thus they make that which is lawful unlawful and that which is unlawful lawful, and think that they are rightly-guided… read more here.

Cursing the Deen and ridiculing anything related to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah

Question 53: Regarding the issue of cursing the religion is the person who does so judged immediately to be a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Is there any distinction regarding cursing religion as religion? Does such a distinction exist when women and children curse the religion?

2- The issue of a person being excused due to ignorance, for ridiculing the beard, the Niqaab (face veil), the Qamees (long shirt), or Muslims; also the issue of cursing the religion, is ignorance accepted as an excuse or not?

3- The issue of being excused due to ignorance in regard to offering `Ibaadah (worship) to graves or Taaghoot (false gods), can people who do so be excused due to their ignorance of them?

Please enlighten us with the knowledge that Allaah has bestowed upon you on these issues and also on the issue of fighting religious activity, will a person employed for that purpose be excused due to their ignorance or not?

4- The issue of establishing proof against a Muslim who offers sacrifices to anyone other than Allaah, or makes Du`aa to anyone other than Allaah, or supports Taaghoot, can an ordinary Muslim who is well-informed about such matters establish it? Are there other conditions for establishing proof?

Answer: 1- To call people to Allaah with wisdom, fair preaching, arguing in a mild way is an obligation enjoined by Sharee’ah (Islaamic law). Allaah (Glorified be He) says: Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islaam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’aan) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.

2- The Daa’ee (caller to Islaam) must be well-informed about what they should command and forbid, for they may be keen on good and have the desire and love of benefiting people, yet they are ignorant, thus they make that which is lawful unlawful and that which is unlawful lawful, and think that they are rightly-guided… read more here.

Saying: “I put my trust in Allaah, then in you”

Question 52: My surname is Abdul-Qawee. What is the ruling of Islaam on this surname? Also, is it permissible to say: “I put my trust in Allaah, then in you” or: “I have hope in you brother…”?

Answer: It is permissible to say: I put my trust in Allaah, then in you for Tawakkul (putting trust in Allah) is to leave one’s affairs to Him and rely on Him Alone. Putting one’s trust in the servants of Allaah after having Tawakkul in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) is to authorize His servants to do the things that they can do. Allaah (Exalted be He) has Mashee’ah (Will) and so do His servants but the Mashee’ah of the servants of Allaah is dependent on that of Allaah, who says… read more here.

Swearing by a shrine or a shaykh

Question 51: Many people here in Sudan swear by shaykhs and shrines. This may also happen inside the Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) courts, because when the judge asks the defendant to swear on the Qur’aan, they, without hesitation, make a false oath. However, if the judge asks them to swear by a shrine, they abstain from swearing and confess their guilt, believing that swearing by the shrine can cause harm, because in their view shrines can cause harm or benefit. What is the ruling on this act and is it permissible for a judge to ask someone to swear by a shaykh or a shrine?

One of the scholars even gave us a Fatwaa that it is permissible to swear by a shrine instead of the Qur’aan. He argued that it is permissible to do so to restore the right of a wronged person if necessity called for it. To what degree is this Fatwaa correct?

We hope that you will explain this with evidence, and may Allaah reward you for your efforts in helping Muslims!

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to swear by a shrine or a shaykh. It is also unlawful for a judge to ask someone to swear by them, based on what is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who said… read more here.

Using magazines containing pictures of women wearing fashionable clothing

Question 30: What is the ruling on buying magazines containing pictures of women to wear fashionable clothing which are in line with our revered Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and leave what contradicts it?

Answer: It is impermissible for you to buy such magazines containing pictures of different dress fashions as it may cause temptation and it helps promote these harmful magazines… read more here.

Selling 3D gold handicrafts depicting animated beings

Question 29: Is it permissible to sell gold shaped in the form of an animal and gold coins engraved with a picture of half a man?

Answer: Selling and buying pictures of animate beings is impermissible. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have stated: Allaah and His Messenger made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols. (Narrated by both Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). This also may cause deifying those pictured as was the case with the people of Nooh (Noah, peace be upon him). It is recorded in the Saheeh (authentic book of Sunnah) of Imaam Al-Bukhaaree (may Allaah be merciful to him) on the authority of Ibn `Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) on explaining the statement of Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

Selling dead animals

Question 28: Is it permissible to sell a dead animal and take a price in return?

Answer: Flesh of dead animals is prohibited according to the statement of Allaah (Exalted be He): Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytah (the dead animals – cattle – beast not slaughtered) Because it is prohibited to be eaten, it may not be sold or bought. Moreover, profiting from its sale is considered ill-gotten gains. Furthermore, one may not eat it unless in the case of dire necessity… read more here.

Making jewelry bearing symbols of disbelief such as ‘the Cross’

Question 27: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Selling gold rings for men

Question 26: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Making three-dimensional handicrafts symbolizing Zodiac signs like: Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc

Question 25: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Engraving metals and stones with Aayaat and the Glorified Name of Allaah

Question 24: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Selling handicrafts and coins on which animated beings are depicted

Question 23: Precious metals shops are banned from exhibiting, selling or possessing with the aim of selling the following: crafts engraved with Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) or pictures conflicting with the principles of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law).

I would like that Your Eminence inform me about the ruling on selling, buying or exhibiting:

1- Crafts engraved with Allaah’s Glorified Name or such names as `Abdul-Rahmaan, `Abdullaah or the like.
2- Crafts symbolizing signs of the Zodiac such as Aries, Scorpio, Libra, etc engraved or three-dimensional. What is the ruling on wearing them while offering Salaah (Prayer)?
3- Crafts representing busts only.
4- Gold coins added to some jewelry which contain a profile of a man such as George or others.
5- Star of David, Cross, or any Jewish or Christian symbol.
6- Men’s gold rings which shop owners claim they do not sell to Muslims.

Please, bear in mind that your Fatwaa will help us, Trade Ministry inspectors, remove such unlawful items from gold markets In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills). We ask Allaah to make you among those who will lead a long life, perform good deeds, and benefit the Ummah with your knowledge!

Answe: First, Metals and stones may not be engraved with Aayaahs and the Glorified Name of Allaah, for by doing so, Aayaahs are used for purposes other than what they are intended for and for fear that Aayaahs as well as Allaah’s Glorified Name may be exposed to desecration.

Second, Signs of the Zodiac can be traced back to Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance) which a Muslim must avoid. A Muslim must avoid anything that may revive such ideas pertaining to Jaahiliyyah; moreover, they are three-dimensional images of animate beings. Accordingly, jewelry may not be crafted to take such forms, which may neither be owned nor Salaah be offered while wearing them… read more here.

Trading in Mus-hafs (printed copies of the Qur’aan) and Qur’aan tapes

Question 22:  What is the ruling on trading in Mushafs (printed copies of the Qur’aan) and Qur’aan tapes?

Answer: It is a permissible business as it falls under cooperation in righteousness and piety… read more here.

Buying flowers to present them to hospital patients, etc

Question 21: Recently, selling flowers near hospital entrances has become quite common with prices ranging from 50 to 1000 riyals, and even 2000 riyals. People buy flowers for hospital patients which is an imitation of what non-Muslims do in non-Muslim countries. Moreover, people have begun to boast about it spending lots of money even though flowers wither in no time and are then thrown away as rubbish. Your Honor, we fear that this may lead to people placing flowers on the graves of the dead as practiced in the West and in some Arab countries. We know that flower shops are usually located near churches in non-Muslim countries. We hope that Your Eminence issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on the issue in an attempt to give an end to such a practice.

Answer: Based on the above mentioned facts, the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ issues the Fatwaa that this practice is impermissible as it entails wasting money on non-useful purposes and imitating Allaah’s adversaries in this custom… read more here.

alifta.com is now available in 9 (nine) different languages

All praise be to Allaah alone. We are glad to announce that alifta.com, the official website of Ifta’ is now available in 9 (nine) different languages. Further, its has a useful feature of Information Cart which enables you to bookmark the fatwaa which you want to keep saved for later on the portal itself without downloading it or copy-pasting it to your computer. Further, it enables you to save the fatwaa which you need in PDF format just by clicking on Save button. You can also subscribe its Mailing ListTo search your fatwaa, you can click the search button, but if you want to search in an accurate fashion, goto Advanced SearchMay Allaah reward all those Muslims who are behind this amazing work!

Is it permissible to obey my father’s order to buy him tobacco?

Question 20: Is it permissible to buy tobacco for my father as he asks me to do so?

Answer: It is not permissible to buy anything prohibited for the sake of your father whether it is tobacco, opium, hashish, alcohol or the like even if he asks you to do so. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Islamic ruling on planting tobacco

Question 19: What is the ruling of Islaam on growing tobacco seeds and on the money earned by the farmers through selling it?

Answer: It is impermissible to grow, sell or use tobacco, as it is Haraam (prohibited) in many aspects, due to its dangerous effects on health, its harmfulness and uselessness… read more here.

Trading in tobacco products

Question 18: What is the ruling on selling tobacco products and the like? Is it permissible to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity), perform Hajj and other acts of righteousness from these revenues and profits?

Answer: It is not permissible to deal in tobacco or any other unlawful substance, because they are evil and filthy in addition to the physical, spiritual, and financial harm they cause. If a person wants to give Sadaqah, perform Hajj, or do some acts of righteousness, then he should strive to make his earnings Halaal… read more here.

Buying alcohol for using it as fuel or in some industries

Question 17: Is it permissible to sell alcohol (which is an intoxicant) for the sake of using it as fuel or in other industries? Is it permissible to sell it to those who will also use it as fuel?

Answer: Selling alcohol or any intoxicant is prohibited. Whoever has any of these things should destroy them as he is not permitted to sell them. This is due to Allaah’s saying… read more here.