Paying Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of a fetus

Question 50: Is Zakaat-ul-Fitr due on a fetus?

Answer: It is recommendable to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr on behalf of an embryo, for this was practiced by `Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.

Ruling on Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast)

Question 49:  Is the following an authentic Hadeeth: “The Sawm (Fast) of Ramadaan is not raised (to Allaah) until Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is paid”? Is Zakaat-ul-Fitr obligatory on needy Muslims who observe Sawm and do not have the Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due), based on the authenticity of the previous Hadeeth or other legal evidence from the authentic Sunnah?

Answer: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim who should be self-supporting, if he has one Saa‘ (1 Sa‘ = 3 kg. Approx.) or more in excess of his and his family’s needs on the day and night of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast)… read more here.

Does debt exempt one from paying Zakaah?

Question 48: Seven years ago, I entered into partnership with a friend in a shop. At that time, I had no money to offer as my share in the capital. My friend and I, thus, borrowed the money from one of my friend’s relatives. We ran the shop for two years then sold it and divided the amount. After a while, Allaah granted me the money to settle my debt. Long before opening this shop, I had another debt that was more than my share in the shop. At that time, I asked a friend of mine, who was a student of knowledge, if I was obliged to pay Zakaah on my share in the shop. He told me that if my debt was equal to my share in the shop then I did not have to pay Zakaah. However, I have now been told that I was obligated to pay Zakaah. Please answer me, am I required to pay Zakaah or not? What should I do now?

Answer: If your share in the money that you both had and in the goods for sale in the shop reached the Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) and they remained in your possession for a lunar year… read more here.

Paying Zakaah on loans

Question 47: I lent some of my friends and relatives a sum of money. Must I pay the Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on this sum of money every year?

Answer: If the amount of the loan, whether alone or combined with your other money, reaches the Nisaab (minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) then the lender, as opposed to the borrower… read more here.

Zakaah on rented buildings

Question 46: I have a wealthy brother, who invests his money in buildings, shops, and lands, and he rents them out. I advised him to pay the Zakaah (obligatory charity) on all his assets and his profits, but he told me that Zakaah was only due on the rents, not the assets nor the capital, and that was only if they remain in his possession for a full lunar year before he spent them on buying another building. Many people do the same as my brother; is it permissible to do this in Islaam without being a sinner? What is the type of real estate on whose rent and value Zakaah is not due until a lunar year has passed? Is there a limit to this or does it apply to any amount?

Answer: There are many different types of wealth that people can own, one of them is money… read more here.

Zakaah on a property intended for investment

Question 45: A man bought a piece of land that he planned to build a house on, either to live in himself or to rent out. Many years have passed, but the man has not used the land yet. Is there any Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on the land? Should Zakaah be paid for one lunar year or for all the years?

Answer: No, there is no Zakaah due on this land, because it is not regarded a commercial property… read more here.

Zakaah on a property used for investment

Question 44: A man bought a piece of land – where a house can be built – seven years ago near a city, hoping that one day someone will buy it. The land’s value is its price plus a small profit. Is there any Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on its value? Should Zakaah be paid before or after receiving its price? Also, should the Zakaah be paid for one lunar year or for all the past lunar years?

Answer: This land is a commercial commodity whose Zakaah becomes payable when a full lunar year has passed… read more here.

Zakaah on food bought for eating

Question 43: I had one thousand Saudi Riyals with which I bought some foodstuff which I intended to eat, and it was not my intention to trade in them. A full lunar year or two passed while these foodstuff were in my possession, as I did not need to consume them. Is there any Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on these foodstuff or not?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, and you bought these foods with the intention of eating them and not to trade in them, and it happened that you did not use them and they remained with you to be used in the future, then no Zakaah is due on them… read more here.

Ruling on paying Zakaah on commercial commodities

Question 42: A questioner from Morocco visited us and mentioned that the scholars of Morocco differed with regard to Zakaah of commercial commodities. Some of them stated that Zakaah on commercial commodities is obligatory while others opposed this and supported their opinion with the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) of Zakaah which only mentions gold and silver. This latter group of scholars also mentioned that all kinds of wealth and commodities other than gold and silver do not follow them with regard to the obligation of Zakaah. However, scholars agreed with regard to the other types of Zakaah, meaning, Zakaah on grain, fruit, camels, and sheep. Please explain this matter to us in writing so that the opponents become convinced. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, jurists differed with regard to the obligation of paying Zakaah on commercial commodities. This Zakaah was considered to be obligatory by the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) but not by Dawud ibn `Alee Al-Zhahiree and a group of other scholars… read more here.

Zakaah on the deceased’s estate

Question 41: When should the Zakaah (obligatory charity) on an inheritance be paid? Should it be paid when the heirs receive it or after they have had it for one year? Also what is the ruling on gifts, whether they are in the form of cash or real estate?

Ans: Zakaah should be paid on an inheritance one year after the death of the deceased, because the ownership of the estate of someone who dies is transferred to their heirs from the date of their death… read more here.

Zakaah on money dedicated to build a Masjid (mosque)

Question 40: I have a sum of money that I vowed to use in building a Masjid (mosque) and I am waiting for the approval to do so. I have had this money for a lunar year, is there any Zakaah due on it or not? Please answer me, may Allah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the matter is as you mentioned, there is no Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on this money because it is vowed to be used as Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to build a Masjid… read more here.

Money dedicated for public charities (Zakaah on money donated for charity)

Question 39: 

A- We agreed to deposit one hundred thousand Riyals (100000) in some banks without investing them in sales and purchases. Instead, it was intended to be on standby for any member of this community who experiences an accident and becomes liable to pay Diyah (blood money). Therein, the Diyah would be paid from the retained money. Is it permissible to keep this sum without investing it? Should Zakaah (obligatory charity) be paid on it?

B- We bought a local house in the city of Riyadh for one hundred and fifteen thousand Riyals (115.000) which at present is being rented annually for twelve thousand Riyals (12.000). Is this house subject to Zakaah? What is the Zakaah amount due considering that sometimes it remains unleased? Please, advise!

C- We bought plots of land with the rest of the sum in Riyadh and Jeddah to insure the future. Is this land subject to Zakaah or not? How much should be paid ?

D- We agreed to distribute the Zakaah payment to orphans, widows and those in debt among the members of this tribe, is this correct?

Answer: First, If this sum, more or less, is being collected as donations that nothing of it is distributed to the donors, when no accidents take place, and are spent in aspects of Charity; this is permissible… read more here.

Zakaah on Money saved to pay blood money

Question 38: One of the tribes collected a sum of money that they dedicate to pay any blood money on behalf of its members. They used this money in business and also dedicate the profit they made for the payment of blood money. Is Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on this money or not? If it was not being used in business would Zakaah then be due on it or not? Can other tribe members pay the Zakaah due on their wealth into this fund?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, there is no Zakaah due on that money, as it has the same ruling as a Waqf (endowment), whether it is frozen or put to work in a business… read more here.

Should we pay Zakaah on the family charitable fund?

Question 37: I keep a sum of money as a fund for my tribe. Every male member of the tribe, young or old, pays 100 riyals at the beginning of every Hijree year to this fund. We save this money so we can use it to pay for Diyah (blood money) from car or other unintentional accidents or to defend people. The total amount is now really big, 200,000 riyals or more. This fund is called the “Furooq” of the tribe. The people of the tribe have unanimously chosen me to be the one entrusted with this fund. Is there any Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on this money if a lunar year passes without us using it? It should be mentioned that this money is collected every year.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned and the tribe’s members do not regain any of the money they paid into the fund as a donation, they no longer personally own it, and the money is used for the purpose that they donated it for, then no Zakaah is due on it… read more here.

Is it permissible to deduct taxes from Zakaah?

Question 36:  What is the opinion of the Permanent Committee of a person who, after taking out the Zakaah (obligatory charity) due on his wealth, then pays his taxes from it? Is this correct or not?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to pay the taxes due on their wealth from the Zakaah they are obliged to pay on it… read more here.

Zakaah on overdue money from the state

Question 35: The Custodian of the Two Sacred Mosques, may Allaah protect him, issued a decree that all payments due to governmental bodies, organizations and individuals should be paid. One of the concerned organizations received payments that traced back to 1403 AH, almost seven years ago. The total amount paid to this organization is more than 5 million riyals. My question is: Is Zakaah due on this money upon payment? If so, is Zakaah due on this money for one year, or for more? If Zakaah is due on this money, people should be informed about this by the Imams (those who lead congregational Prayer) of Masajid (mosques) and by way of the media so that the people involved can fulfill the third obligation of this great religion and win the pleasure of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He). This is also important so that Allaah will bless us with rain as one of the reasons that Allaah does not send down rain is punishment for not paying Zakaah. My sole reason for asking this question is to please Allaah. With my best regards and may Allaah’s peace and blessings be with you!

Answer: If the matter is as you mentioned, Zakaah is due on this money at the end of the year to be counted from the day the organization receives the payment, and no Zakaah is due for the previous years as the money was not in the organization’s possession… read more here.

Is Zakaah due on a retirement bonus?

Question 34: I work for a company that gives its employees fifteen days’ salary as a bonus for every year of service, but they give this bonus at the end of their service. I would like to ask Your Eminences for a Fatwaa: At the end of my service with this company I will be given this bonus, am I required to pay the Zakaah (obligatory charity) on this bonus for my years of service?

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, no Zakaah is due on this bonus until you have received it and had it for one lunar year… read more here.

Should we pay Zakaah on money saved for building?

Question 33: I have deposited money in a bank in order to build an apartment for each of my children when the amount becomes sufficient to cover the construction costs. If the money is not sufficient, due to the high cost of building materials and my moderate income, I will sell the land and divide the money among my children. My question is: Is Zakaah due on the money I have saved for building? Please answer my question and may Allaah reward you for helping me and other Muslims!

Answer: Zakaah is due on any money you have saved for building so long as one lunar year has passed and… read more here.

Should we pay Zakaah on money saved for marriage?

Question 32: A man has had some money for one lunar year, but he has been saving it to get married. Is Zakaah due on this money?

Answer: Zakaah is due on this money as it meets the conditions for the obligation of Zakaah. Wanting to use this money for marriage cannot be used as an excuse for not paying the Zakaah… read more here.

Zakaah on Gold worn by women as adornment

Question 31: I would like Your Eminences to tell me, and other Muslims, about the Zakaah (obligatory charity) that is due on gold or on gold and silver jewelry that is intended for use as an adornment and not as an investment. Some people say there is no Zakaah due on gold and silver jewelry that is intended for wearing, while others say that Zakaah is due on it whether it is intended for adornment or investment. They claim that the Hadeeth stipulating the obligation of Zakaah on it when it is intended for wearing are stronger than those stipulating there is no due Zakaah. Please send me a clear written Fatwaa, and may Allaah reward you for serving Islaam and Muslims!

Answer: Muslim scholars agree that it is obligatory to pay Zakaah on gold and silver jewelry that is not to be worn, or is bought for trading or similar purposes, but if it is jewelry that can be used for adornment or lending, such as silver rings or women’s jewelry, or what is permitted from decorative weapons, the scholars have differed over the obligation of Zakaah on this… read more here.

Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram) on its own?

Question 94: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) on the day of `Ashoorah’ (the 10th day of the month of Al-Muharam) alone?

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the day of `Ashoorah’ only but it is better to observe Sawm one day before or after it… read more here.

Is Zaakat-ul-Fitr due on the Day of `Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram)?

Question 93: What is obligatory for a Muslim to do on the Day of ‘Ashoorah’ (10th of Muharram)? Should they pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) on that day?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to observe Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashoorah’. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered his Sahaabah (Companions) to observe Sawm on that day… read more here.

Fasting on the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah, Is it a Sunnah?

Question 92: Is the Prophet (peace be upon him) authentically reported to have observed Sawm for the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) observed Sawm the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah – better described as the nine days preceding `Eed-ul-Ad-haa (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Keeping voluntary Sawm and delaying making up for the missed obligatory Sawm

Question 91: What is the ruling on observing the optional Sawm (fast) of the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) while one has yet to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan?

Answer: If someone observes Sawm on the Day of `Arafah voluntarily while one has to make up for days of Sawm missed during Ramadaan, his Sawm is valid… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) if it occurs on Saturday

Question 90: People here differed regarding observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dul-Hijjah) this year as it coincides with Saturday. Some said they observed Sawm on the Day of `Arafah because it was the Day of `Arafah not because it was Saturday on which observance of Sawm is prohibited. Others did not observe Sawm because it was Saturday, the Jewish day of worship, and they wanted to act in contradiction to the Jews. As for myself, I was of the latter opinion. I am confused as to what the Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling is on this issue. I researched it in many religious and Sharee`ah books; however, I did not reach a decisive ruling on observing Sawm on such a day. I hope that Your Honor will guide me to the Shar`ee ruling and send it me in a written document. May Allaah reward you for this in this life and the Hereafter and for the beneficial knowledge you give to all Muslims.

Answer: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah on its own, whether it coincides with Saturday or otherwise, is permissible… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) if it occurs on Friday

Question 89: Controversy arose among the seekers of religious knowledge, not to mention the masses, regarding observing Sawm (fast) on Friday if it coincides with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah). Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone? We hope that Your Eminence will make this issue clear providing the sound Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) ruling. May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of `Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it… read more here.

What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast), Is it a sin?

Question 88: What is the ruling on breaking voluntary Sawm (fast); is it a sin?

Answer: A person observing voluntary Sawm may break it and will not have to make up for it… read more here.

Days that are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (fast) thereon

Question 87: Which days are most recommendable to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) and which months are most recommendable to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: The most recommendable days to observe voluntary Sawm are Mondays, Thursdays, the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree [lunar] month), the first ten days of Dul-Hijjah, especially the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah)… read more here.

Observing Sawm voluntarily with the intention of observing a voluntary Sawm Plus making up for a missed obligatory Sawm

Question 86:  Is it permissible to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) with two intentions: the first to make up for missed days of Ramadaan and the second to apply an act of Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet)? Is the Sawm of a traveler or an ill person who can fast valid or not?

Answer: It is not permissible to observe voluntary Sawm with two intentions: one to make up for missed fasts and another to perform an act of Sunnah. It is better for a person who is traveling a distance over which it is permissible to shorten Salaah (Prayer) not to observe Sawm… read more here.

A person observes voluntary Sawm before making up for a missed obligatory Sawm

Question 85: A person had to make up for days missed in Ramadaan but instead he fasted voluntarily, later he made up for the missed days, is this sufficient for him?

Answer: Whoever observes voluntary Sawm (Fast) before making up for the missed days of Ramadaan, then compensates for the obligatory days, there is nothing wrong with that… read more here.

A person does not observe Sawm as he cannot afford it for being sick

Question 84: Praise be to Allaah, and may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, his family and Companions. The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has read the question submitted by the Head of the Commission for the Promotion of Virtue in Badr to His Honor Chairman which is referred to it from the General Secretariat with the number 1938/2, in 23/11/1396 A.H. The question is: A woman was afflicted with a psychological disorder whose symptoms included fever, nervousness, and other problems. Thus, she stopped Sawm (fasting) for four years. Must she make up for Sawm in this case or not? What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Committee gave the following answer:

If that woman stopped Sawm because she was unable to, she must make up for these days when she becomes able to do… read more here.

Can woman make missed fasts of Ramadaan without asking husbands approval?

Question 83: What is the ruling regarding a woman who fasts two days that she missed of Ramadaan without her husband’s permission i.e. without telling him. She felt shy to tell her husband. If it was not permissible for her to do this, should she expiate (offer Kaffaarah) for it?

Answer: A woman has to make up for the days that she did not fast in Ramadaan even if it is without her husband’s knowledge… read more here.

Making up for a Ramadaan missed Sawm on Friday (Jumu’ah)

Question 82: If someone has to make up for a day that he missed during Ramadaan, is it permissible for him to make up for that day on a Friday? If he had already observed it on Friday, should he make it up again?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to single out Friday to make up a day missed in Ramadaan… read more here.

Fasting on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) with the intention of making up for a missed Ramadaan Sawm

Question 81: I fasted on the day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a day I missed in Ramadaan. Does fasting the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) suffice, if I intended it to make up for the missed day or not?

Answer: It is permissible for you to fast the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) intending to make up for a missed day of Ramadaan… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan Sawms (fasts) non-consecutively

Question 80: Is it permissible to make up for missed days of Ramadaan non-consecutively?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to make up for missed Sawm (Fast) on non-consecutive days, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person finds nothing but water to break Sawm (fast) in Ramadaan

Question 79: If someone is observing Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan and is traveling to another country and has nothing but water, how will he break his Sawm?

Answer: If someone is observing Sawm and the sun sets while he has nothing but water, he should break his Sawm by drinking the water since breaking Sawm by having dates is Mustahab (desirable) but not obligatory… read more here.

Women who taste food which they prepare while fasting, is their fast valid?

Question 78: Some scholars maintain that it is permissible for a woman to taste the food she is preparing while fasting to see if it is seasoned properly, on condition that nothing reaches her throat. Is this view correct?

Answer: It is permissible for a fasting person to taste the food during the daytime in Ramadaan, if necessary, and their Sawm (Fast) is still valid as long as they do not deliberately swallow anything of it… read more here.

Sawm (fast) of a person who was Junub (in major ritual impurity) and has sexual intercourse with his wife

Question 77: Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) caused by intercourse with one’s spouse during the night or anything else?

Answer: The Sawm (Fast) of a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) due to sexual intercourse during the night without taking Ghusl (ritual bath) until after daybreak is valid… read more here.

Does the monthly periods of women break the succession of Kaffaarah (expiatory) Sawm (fast)?

Question 76: A person had intercourse with his wife who willingly went to bed with him during the day in Ramadaan. After doing this act, they regretted it and performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah). They asked a shaykh in their area about the ruling on this act who told them that each one of them has to fast two consecutive months. It is not necessary to begin Sawm (fast) once the crescent rises, rather they are allowed to fast on any day provided that they complete two consecutive months. The husband began his Sawm from 16/6/1410 to 17/8/1410 AH, is his Sawm valid? As for the wife, she did not fast because of her monthly period which prevents her from fasting consecutively. How can she fast two consecutive months? Please clarify in detail, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Whoever has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan is obliged to free a slave, and if this is not possible, he should fast for two consecutive months. If he begins Sawm on the fifteenth day of the month and completes two consecutive months, it will be sufficient… read more here.

When should be the consecutively 60 days Sawm be observed in the lunar calendar for Kaffaarah?

Question 75: A person had intercourse with his wife who willingly went to bed with him during the day in Ramadaan. After doing this act, they regretted it and performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah). They asked a shaykh in their area about the ruling on this act who told them that each one of them has to fast two consecutive months. It is not necessary to begin Sawm (fast) once the crescent rises, rather they are allowed to fast on any day provided that they complete two consecutive months. The husband began his Sawm from 16/6/1410 to 17/8/1410 AH, is his Sawm valid? As for the wife, she did not fast because of her monthly period which prevents her from fasting consecutively. How can she fast two consecutive months? Please clarify in detail, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Whoever has intercourse with his wife during the day in Ramadaan is obliged to free a slave, and if this is not possible, he should fast for two consecutive months. If he begins Sawm on the fifteenth day of the month and completes two consecutive months, it will be sufficient… read more here.

If a person cannot find any poor person to feed, can he/she pay an equal amount of money in charity

Question 74: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

Is it permissible for a husband to feed one poor person as a Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?

Question 73: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife on different days of Ramadaan

Question 72: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan more than once

Question 71: It is of common knowledge that the ruling on whoever has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan is to emancipate a believing slave, fasting for two consecutive months or feed sixty poor persons.

The question is:

1. If the man has sexual intercourse with his wife more than once on different days, will he be obliged to fast two months as an expiation for each day on which he broke his Sawm, or that one-time expiation will be sufficient for any number of days on which he did that act?
2. If the husband who did that act is ignorant of the religious ruling on this question, and that he only thought he would make up for each missed day with one in return, what is the ruling accordingly?
3. Does the same ruling apply to the wife as well?
4. Is it permissible for the husband to pay money instead of feeding poor people?
5. Is the husband permitted to feed one poor person as Kaffaarah (expiation) for him and his wife?
6. If the husband cannot find sixty poor persons to feed, is it permissible for him to pay equal money for a charitable organization, such as the al-Birr Society in Riyadh or any other charitable organization?

Answer: Cases when observing expiatory Sawm (Fast) becomes obligatoryFirstly, if the said husband had intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan once or more during the daytime of Ramadaan, then he is obliged to make one Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

A person has sexual intercourse with his wife while making up for a Ramadaan Sawm

Question 70: In Shawwal, 1410 A.H., a man was making up for a day that he missed during Ramadaan. His wife, who was not fasting, aroused him so much that he could not help having sexual intercourse with her during that day. What is the ruling on this matter?

Answer: Anyone who breaks his Sawm at a time outside the month of Ramadaan through having intercourse with his wife has to make up for that day… read more here.

A man, on returning home after a journey when he is not observing Sawm, to have sexual intercourse with his wife?

Question 69: Is it permissible for a man who, on returning home after a journey during which he broke the Sawm (fast), finds his wife taking a Ghusl (ritual bath) marking the purification of her menses to immediately have sexual intercourse with her? Or, should he complete the Sawm?

Answer: If a traveler returns home during the daytime of Ramadaan, he must abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse… read more here.

A man lying in the same bed with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question 68: Is it permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan without having sexual intercourse with her?

Answer: It is permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan provided that he can control himself… read more here.

He had sexual intercourse with his wife on the day when Ramadaan began unknowingly

Question 67: In the blessed month of Ramadaan, it was announced that Ramadaan will begin on Friday suggesting that the impossibility of seeing the crescent stands for the evidence in this regard. On Thursday, I had sexual intercourse with my wife i.e. One day before the beginning of the month. After we fasted that month, we were told that we should fast another day because the month was not complete. Can you inform me whether I have to expiate for that day in which I had sexual intercourse with my wife or what should I do?

Answer: If the reality as you have mentioned, there is no expiation or sin upon you. You and your wife are only required to make up for that day that was eventually proven to be a day of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person starts sexual intercourse with his wife on the first day of Ramadaan a short time before dawn

Question 66: On the first day of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife a while before Fajr Prayer, and we did not realize that this day was the first of Ramadaan except after sunrise, knowing that we fasted on this day after recognizing that it was Ramadaan. Please advise me if there is any other expiation for this other than fasting for two consecutive months, as I am an employee, and have no capability to offer Sawm (Fast) at the time being. Please advise me in this regard, May Allaah reward you amply!

Answer: If the case is as mentioned, then there is no expiation on you for not knowing that the month had begun… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse while wearing one’s clothes during the day of Ramadaan

Question 65: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the day of Ramadaan. They kissed, but he did not ejaculate, and she was wearing her clothes. What is the ruling on this? What should he do to expiate for this? Does burning incense invalidate Sawm (fasting)? Please advise, may Allaah bless you!

Answer: First, the man and his wife should repent and ask Allaah to forgive them, as they violated the sacredness of their Sawm in Ramadaan… read more here.