Question 10: Can Ijmaa` (consensus of Scholars) be reached in our present time throughout the Islaamic world? With regard to the Fatwas of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy that are unanimously agreed upon by all members of the Academy, are they considered a consensus? Is it possible that Ijmaa` may be concluded in places other than the Islaamic Fiqh Academy? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!
Answer: First, Most scholars of Usool-ul-Fiqh (principles of Islaamic jurisprudence) agree that Ijmaa` can be reached by people of power and knowledge in Muslim nations concerning a certain issue and the resulting agreed-upon opinion can be known among them, such as permitting the master to have sexual intercourse with his female slave… read more here.